This page relates to the year 1779 Gregorian Calendrier.
- July 20th: Beginning of the reign of Takla-Guiorguis, Négus of Ethiopia, after the assassination of his/her brother Takla-Haïmanot II.
- First war kaffir ( to kafir : Arab infidel in ) close to the Great Fish To rivet between colonists of South Africa and Bantou. It originates in of the flights of cattle made by Bantou (Xhosa).
- January 9th, first war anglo-marathe: Rendering of the British with Wadgaon. The Treaty of Wadgaon force them to give up all the territories which they acquired since 1775.
- Prohibition of the trade of the Opium in China.
- Japan: The Shogun Ieharu Tokugawa entrusts the government to a man of modest but famous origin for its wisdom and its fidelity with the Tokugawa, Tanuma Okitsugu (1767 - 1786). The peasants and the merchants charge their economic misfortunes to him and the jacqueries include in the campaigns famished by the rigor of the climate.
The Middle East
- March 6th: Died of the Persian Shah of Muhammad Karim Khân, founder of the Dynasty Zand. His/her brother Zaki Khan becomes regent. He names Co-monarchs the wire of Karim Khân, Abol Fath Khan and Mohammad Ali Khan.
- June 19th: Died of Mohammad Ali Khan. Abol Fath Khan only Persian shah of .
- Escape of Aga Mohammad Shah, prisoner of Zand since 16 years with Shiraz. Beginning of the Dynasty Kadjar in Iran (fine in 1925).
- February 14th: The British explorer James Cook is killed by the natives of the islands Sandwich (Hawaii).
- February 12th: departure of a forwarding of exploration sent by the Viceroy of the Mexico Antonio María de Bucareli there Ursúa which goes up the coasts of the Pacific until in Alaska.
The United States
- 23 - February 25th: Attacks and taken Fort Vincennes, or Strong Sackville by the troops of Virginia to the Pays of Illinois.
- April 12th: By the Treated of Aranjuez, the Spain joint with the France in the war against the Great Britain. The Spanish government refuses however to recognize the insurgents, fearing the contamination of the movement of independence in its own colonies.
- June 1st: Benedict Arnold passes in martial Cour for maleficence.
- July 6th: Naval battle of Grenade. The fleet of of Estaing (squadron of Toulon) control the Caribbean Sea. The control of the seas allow the regiments of the army of French line, ordered by Rochambeau, to unload on the American territory.
- July 15th: Anthony Wayne seizes a British outpost with Stony Point.
- September 7th: Prise of Fort Butts by Spanish.
- 16 - October 18th: failure of the Head office of Savannah by the Franco-American ones.
- 20 - September 21st: Spanish Victoire with the Battle of Baton-Rouge.
- October 4th: Strong Wilson Riot .
- has Philadelphia, the prices increase by 45% in one month, causing turbid and agitation. In May, a great meeting not - authorized requires the fall of the prices. In October bursts the “riot of Strong Wilson”, during whom a group of militiamans goes to the residence James Wilson, rich lawyer and revolutionary chief who opposed the policy of price control and the democratic constitution adopted in 1776. The militia is gotten rid of by a battalion made up fortunate citizens of the city.
- December 25th: Foundation of Strong Nashborough, future Nashville, Tennessee.
- the American navy institutes in its turn enrôlement forced sailors.
- Congress of Teschen during the winter which leads to a compromise between the Austria and the Prussia in May, thanks to the mediation of the France and the Russia.
- April 12th: Treated of Aranjuez. Renewal of the Pact of family between the Bourbons.
- May 13rd: Peace of Teschen. End of the War of succession of Bavaria: the emperor Joseph II gives up the annexation of the Bavaria. The Habsbourg preserve however the Innviertel in Bavaria, Frederic II of Prussia obtains the expectancy of the margraviat of Ansbach.
- June 24th: Beginning of the head office of Gibraltar by the France and the Spain (fine in 1782).
Be: A Franco-Spanish fleet of 66 vessels and 14 frigates crosses in Manche for three months without being worried.
- the United Kingdom: Radical dissenting movement of the Yorkshire (1779 - 1780), which envisages autoproclamer national representation if the Parliament refuses its reforms.
- May: Napoleon Bonaparte obtains a purse of the King de France and is allowed at once at the Military academy of Brienne.
- August 8th: Suppression of serfdom on the royal fields.
- December 13rd: Marie-Joseph-Rose de Tascher of Pagerie wife the Viscount Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais with Noisy-the-Large.
- December 22nd: Nomination of the first Midwife exerting with the Hospital of Montmorency (Val-d'Oise). It is about Elisabeth Bourgeois, woman of the sior Baudrang, surgeon of the Hospital.
Art & culture
- May: Construction of the Odéon to Paris by Marie-Joseph Peyre and Charles De Wailly (fine in 1782).
- Arrived at London of the romantic painter inhabitant of Zurich John Fuseli.
- the architectural Work of Robert and James Adam ( Works in Architecture off Robert and James Adam , (1773 -1779).
Science & technology
- Coulomb states the principles of the simple machines and the laws of friction.
- Jan Ingenhousz discovers the role of the light in the Photosynthèse.
- Antoine Augustin Parmentier publishes his critical Examen of the potato .
- the Astronome French Charles Messier discovers M56.
the firm Darby carries out the first metallic bridge with Ironbridge, on the Severn with a range of 30 meters.
- Samuel Crompton (1753 - 1827) invents a spinning machine the cotton which makes it possible to obtain an at the same time fine and resistant wire, the mule-jenny . The tisserands do not manage any more to weave wire produced in abundance (cf 1785).
- Marie de Bragance founds the Academy of Science of Lisbon.
Economy & company
- the harbor traffic culminates with Venice.
- Tuscan Suppression of the Corporations in . Freedom of work. The reform leads to an industrial crisis caused by the weakness of the private initiative which offers only rare employment appropriatenesses.
- Freedom of company in Russia.
- France: Suppression of the Serfdom in the royal fields.
Births in 1779
- March 19th: Józef Dwernicki, general Polish († September 22nd 1857)
- May 18th: Felix Louis Herminier, pharmacist and Naturalist French († 1833).
- June 15th: Louis-Antoine Beaunier, engineer French († 1835).
- August 20th: Jöns Jacob Berzélius, chemist
Death in 1779
- February 14th: James Cook, navigator and exploring British
- April 11th: Joseph de Jussieu, French botanist (° 1704).
- June 29th: Raphaël Mengs, traditional and critic art painter austro-German (1728 -1779).
- October 11th: Kazimierz Pułaski, " father of the cavalry américaine" (° March 4th 1745).
- November 9th: Thomas Chippendale, British cabinetmaker
- November 16th: Pehr Kalm, Swedish botanist (° 1716)
- December 6th: Jean Siméon Chardin, French painter, with Paris.
Be-X-old: 1779 Map-bms: 1779 Simple: 1779 Zh-yue: 1779 年
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