This page relates to the year 1758 Gregorian Calendrier.
June 8th: Beginning of the Head office of Louisbourg.
- July 8th: With the battles of Strong Chime, Ticonderoga, in the south of the lake Champlain (nowadays in the State of New York) the 3 600 men (of which the 400 Canadians of the Knight of Lévis) break the attack of the 15 000 British and their allies under the orders of the general major James Abercromby.
- July 26th: The British benefit from the mobilization of Montcalm on Fort Chime to take Louisbourg (Jeffrey Amherst and James Wolfe, supported by the fleet of Edward Boscawen) and Fort Frontenac, and to control the entry of the the St. Lawrence.
- 25 - August 27th: British Victoire with the Battle of Strong Frontenac.
- September 13rd: French Victoire with the Battle of Strong Duquesne.
- October 12th: British Victoire with the Battle of Strong Ligonier.
- November 25th: The British troops and their allies ordered by the general John Forbes take the Fort Duquesne which opened the access to the valley of the Ohio (the fort is baptized Fort Pitt, today Pittsburgh). The Louisiana is cut Canada.
- the Nova Scotia receives a Parliament elected beside the governor and of the Council.
- Formation of the “committee of Boston” or committee of the Wire of Freedom, consisted lawyers, men of press and tradesmen of the easy classes (James Otis, Samuel Adams, Royall Tyler, Oxenbridge Thacher…), which endeavors to contribute to forge the opinion of the working classes.
- the Manchu marshal Bye Houei invades the Kachgar IE.
- Treated Koldja, which opens the Xinjiang with the Russian trade, first in date of the unequal treaties imposed by the Russia on the China.
- Jamphel Gyatso becomes the eighth Dalai Lama (fine in 1804). It ignores the temporal businesses.
- the Burmese demolish the Mons. Rangoon becomes the new capital of Burma.
- Beginning of the 3rd Franco-British war in India of the South (fine in 1763).
- January 22nd: Defeat of the French of Lally to Madras, inflicted by the general Coote.
- April 29th: Battle of Gondelour between the France and the the United Kingdom.
- August 3rd: Battle of Negapatam.
- September 10th: Battle of Pondichéry.
- the Marathes take Sirhind and Lahore.
- February 21st, Russia: Arrest of Bestoujev-Rioumine, adversary of alliance with the France. Mikhail Vorontsov succeeds to him the foreign affairs.
- June 5th: the British army unloads in bay of Cancale and progresses towards Saint-Malo. It cannot take the city and re-embarks.
- June 12th, Portugal: Pombal imposes by decree of expropriations to subject the private interests “to the public utility of the regularity and the beauty of the capital”. The rebuilding of Lisbon by Pombal according to a rectilinear plan and of neo-classic tendency is one of largest the architectural realization of the century.
- June 23rd: The France, overcome with Crefeld, on the the Rhine, gives up the Hanover.
- June 30th: Austrian Victoire on Prussia with the Battle of Domstadtl in Moravie.
- July: The Russians besiege the fortress of Küstrin, key of the Brandebourg.
- August 25th: the Russian army is besieged by the Prussians with Zorndorf. It is released at the price from heavy losses and is folded up into Prussia-Eastern.
- September 3rd: Joseph Ier of Portugal escapes an attempt from attack
- Procès Tavora: Following an adventure in love with the king Joseph Ier of Portugal, several noble, around the family of Tavora, are shown of attack against the king and cruelly punished. The fraction more reactionary of the high aristocracy is eliminated. The nobility, in state of shock, gives up expressing its opposition publicly. Pombal benefits from it to fight the Jésuites compromised with the peerage-books mediums of the opposition.
- September 3rd: The British try an unloading with Saint-Cast in Brittany.
- September 11th: Battle of Saint-Cast. With an army of volunteers, Jacques-Pierre Rioust of Villaudrains contributes to inflict to the British the defeat Saint-Cast.
- September 26th: Prussian Victoire with Tornow.
- October 14th: Demolished Frederic II of Prussia to the Battle of Hochkirch, in Saxony.
See also: War Seven Year old
- Louis XV satisfies the Parlement of Paris on the questions of the General hospital (cf 1751) and on the rights which he claims to have to convene the Pairs France.
- March 3rd: Beautiful-Isle becomes Secretary of State at the department of the War (fine in 1760).
- May 3rd: The death of the pope Benoît XIV puts an end to the secret operations Jansénistes French (Paige) which tried to make him sign a bubble cancelling the Unigenitus . Its successor Clément XIII (July) will refuse to cancel it.
- September 3rd: Attempt at Regicide to the Portugal allotted to the Jesuits. Paige and its partisans attack from now on the Company directly.
- October 2nd: The abbot of Bernis is named cardinal by papacy.
- October 9th: Disgrace of the abbot of Bernis, promoter of Austrian alliance.
- December 3rd: Choiseul inaugurates its policy like Foreign Minister (end in December 1770).
- During the twelve years of the administration of Choiseul, France knows at the same time a period of great economic prosperity and a climate of progressive political resignation. Complete, friendly man of the philosophical , tolerant, Choiseul rests on the Court on the Pompadour and opposes the devout party represented by the Dauphin and Vauguyon, responsible for the education of the future Louis XVI. He preaches a nationalist gallicanism and semi-liberal, tinted antijesuitic aggressiveness and sympathies pro-members of Parliament.
- July 6th: Beginning of the Pontificate of Clement XIII (fine in 1769). It is in favor of a harder policy, favorable to the Jésuites.
Art & culture
- Beginning of the construction of the church Holy-Genevieve (the the Pantheon of Paris) (fine in 1791).
- the painter Louis-François Lagrenée settles in Russia. He will be director of the Académie of the Art schools.
Science & technology
- December 25th: The Halley's Comet is exact with his first go, the Christmas Day, fixed by the calculation of the British Astronome Edmund Halley, when he discovered it in 1705.
- the Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné class the man, Homo sapiens, among the higher mammals.
Economy & company
- economic Table of Quesnay where it exposes the physiocratic theory : the trade and industry are primarily unproductive, only agriculture is a source of richness. The growth of a nation passes by free plan of the natural laws of the market, without any external intervention.
Births in 1758
- May 6th: Maximilien de Robespierre, politician
- September 29th: Horatio Nelson, admiral
Death in 1758
- January 18th: François Nicole, French mathematician (° 1683).
- April 22nd: Antoine de Jussieu, botanist
- April 30th: François d' Agincourt, musician
- May 3rd: Benoit XIV, pope
- December 26th: François-Joseph de Chancel, dramatic author and French poet.
Be-X-old: 1758 Map-bms: 1758 Simple: 1758 Zh-yue: 1758 年
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