This page relates to the year 1754 Gregorian Calendrier.
- May - July: Resumption of the combat between British and French in the valleys of the Ohio and the the Mississippi, on the Western peak of the Allegheny. A French attack against the Britanniques on the track of the Ohio involves the beginning of the last French and Indian War .
- May 28th: Battle of Jumonville Glen. The French officer Jumonville is killed at the time of a meeting with an armed group which George Washington directs. The soldiers of Louis XV counteract.
- June 19th - July 10th: Congress of Albany; the representatives of the English colonies meet to discuss an alliance with the Indian tribes but also to decide organization of the colonies.
- June 26th: Anthony Henday starts to explore the area of Saskatchewan in the east of the Canada (fine in 1760).
- July 3rd: Battle of Strong Necessity. Coulon de Villiers, brother of Jumonville, with 600 French and 100 Amerindians, attacks at the height Washington Necessity, defended by 400 men and nine guns. Washington capitulates.
- In July, the British government authorizes the governor of the Massachusetts to attack certain French forts.
- In October, the British cabinet decides sends regiment in America.
- the Indians of the valley of Ohio line up in great majority at the sides of the French, who are above all the traders and do not occupy indeed the Indian territories. On the other hand, the British covet their hunting grounds and them obviously vital Espace.
Brazil: expulsion of the Jesuits by the Marquis de Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal.
- War of Guaranis to the Paraguay between the Spanish and Portuguese troops and the Indians Guaranis (fine in 1756).
- June 2nd: The vizier Imad-ul-Mulk deposits Ahmad Shâh Bahâdur and places Aziz-ud-DIN on the throne of the Empire moghol.
- October 12th: Dupleix is constrained to leave the the Indies for France.
- December 26th: Treaty of Godeheu which prohibits with the British companies and French any political activity in India. The activity must be strictly commercial.
- Civil war in Dzoungarie. Armousana, supported by the Kazakh khan Ablaï, is opposed to Dawadji, khan of Dzoungarie. Following a defeat inflicted by Dawadji, Ablaï plunders the territory oïrat and regains the Russian empire. Armousana must flee in China where it is accommodated by the emperor Qianlong who promises his support to him to conquer the throne of the khanat oïrate.
- Creation of a movement Bachkir national and Moslem animated by the Tatar Adbullah Miagsaldin which wants “to drive out the Russians with the assistance of God”… Repression will be terrible so much so that many Bachkirs will decide to become the slaves of the Kyrgyz (in the south) of fear of being massacred. The survivors will take part in the revolt of Pougatchev.
The Middle East
- March 16th: Beginning of the ministry whig of the Thomas Pelham-Holles, duke of Newcastle, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (fine in 1756).
- May: The murder by the British of the officer Jumonville shocks Versailles.
- July 24th: Marchault becomes Secretary of State to the navy (1754 - 1757).
- July 28th: Louis XV withdraws finances with Marchault, hated by the opposition (it keeps the Sceaux), to persuade the restive members of Parliament. Begin one period of ministerial instability to finances.
- July 30th: Jean Moreau de Séchelles is named general inspector of Finances (1754 - 1756).
- After the departure of Marchault, the general inspectors of Finances follow one another in an accelerated way, testimony of the destabilization of the political system.
- In September, the king points out and amnesties the Parliament. The archbishop of Paris Beaumont, which does not intend to yield on the requirement of the tickets of confession, is exiled out of Paris by the king during the winter 1754 - 1755.
- May: The marquis d' Argenson thinks of a system of spirituality which would banish “any priest, any revelation, any mystery”.
Art & culture
- July: Foundation of King' S College , future University Columbia.
- Creation with Vienna of an Eastern Academy to train the civils servant with the service of the State abroad, in particular in the Ottoman Empire.
- the scientist and American politician Benjamin Franklin composes a constitution project.
- October 12th: the Birth of Osiris Acte of ballet composed by Jean-Philippe Rameau is created with Fontainebleau
- October 23rd: Anacréon , Act of ballet of Jean-Philippe Branch with Fontainebleau.
- Gluck becomes choirmaster of the court with Vienna.
- Completion of the place Louis XV (today Place of the Harmony, in Paris) by Gabriel.
- August 24th: Inauguration of the frontage baroque of the Saint-Louis church in Versailles.
- the Italian architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli designs the Palate of Winter of Saint-Petersbourg.
- Milon of Crotona , sculpture of Falconet.
- the British cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale creates a new style which will bear its name.
- the French painter François Boucher makes the portrait of Madam de Pompadour .
- Seen of Old Walton Bridge , Canaletto.
- May 14th: The Royal and Ancient Golf Club off St Andrews, created with St Andrews in Scotland, organizes its first part of golf.
Science & technology
- Joseph Black discovers the Carbon dioxide, a gas which it names fixed air.
- physical Atlas , of Philippe Buache.
Economy & company
- Antonio Genovesi occupies the first European pulpit of political economy.
- Population of the News-France: 85 000.
- Population of the New England: 1 485 634.
Holy roman Empire
- Census: The States of the Habsbourg include/understand more than 10 million inhabitants. 2 million inhabitants approximately in Bohemia.
- the system of the jurandes and controls is reinforced in the Habsbourgeois states to ensure a quality control.
- the manufacture of draperies of Linz passes under control of state and does not cease developing until in 1780. Jan Fries creates a velvet factory with Döbling, suburb of Vienna.
- Marie-Therese promulgates a new customs tariff to oblige the Hungary to sell and buy with the Austria. This tariff establishes the dependence of the country, supplier of gross products, and its industrialization delays some.
- the interior customs are abolished in all the Russian Empire (Chouvalov).
- Projects of land registers and a new code.
- Edit authorizing the trade of corn enters the Russia and the Ukraine.
Births in 1754
- March 9th: Etienne François Room of Cabbage, French politician, appointed Berry with the General states of 1789. († December 29th 1832).
- March 11th: Jose Delgado Guerra known as “Pepe Hillo”, Spanish matador († May 11th 1801).
- March 30th: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, first French balloon pilot.
- August 23rd: Louis XVI, future king de France.
- July 31st: Good Adrien Jeannot de Moncey, Marshal of Empire.
- September 4th: Charles Dallery mechanic.
- October 2nd: Viscount Louis-Gabriel de Bonald.
- October 30th: Philippe-Antoine Merlin of Douai.
- November 6th: Frederic Ier of Wurtemberg, Duke, then Prince-Voter, then King of Wurtemberg († 1816).
- November 19th: Pedro Romero, Spanish Matador († February 10th 1839).
- November 26th: Georg Forster, Botanist and Artist Polish of German origin († 1794).
Death in 1754
- January 28th: Ludvig Holberg, with Copenhagen, comic author born with Bergen in 1684.
- March 16th: Charles-François d' Hallencourt de Dromesnil, count de Verdun, cardinal and prince of the Saint Worsens.
- April 9th: Christian von Wolf (1679-1754), rationalist philosopher, lawyer and German mathematician.
- July 4th: Philippe Destouches, actor and playwright (1680 -1754).
Be-X-old: 1754 Map-bms: 1754 Simple: 1754 Zh-yue: 1754 年
|Random links:||Eastern Scandinavian | May-Grünwald Giemsa | Apple of love | Chevrolet Classic Six | Cross woman|