This page relates to the year 1751 Gregorian Calendrier.
- May 11th: Charter of the Pennsylvania Hospital.
- Canada: Construction of the Extremely Jonquière on the Saskatchewan and of the Strong Gaspareaux in Green Bay.
- the warrior Ibrahima Sori Maoudo is elected with the head of the Peul Fouta-Djalon with died of Karamoko Alfa (fine in 1784). It pushes back a strong pagan offensive of the Dialonké and Soulima led by Kondé Birama, then seizes Fouta-Djalon.
- September 23rd - November 14th: Robert Clive demolishes the French with Arcot. It is the end of the French influence with Madras. The seat of Tiruchirapalli (Trichinopoly) by the French is a failure (1752).
- October 27th: Beginning of the Era Hōreki with Japan (fine in 1764).
- the Chinese restore the order with the Tibet and in the Bassin of Tarim (fine in 1759).
- Ahmad Shah Abdali seizes the Cachemire and constrained the Moghol Ahmad Shah to yield the territories to him to the West of Sirhind.
March 25th: Beginning of the reign of Adolphe Frederic of Sweden, king of Sweden (fine in 1771). Adolphe-Frederic, supported by Prussia, reaches the throne of Sweden to the detriment of the candidate of the Russia. He cannot impose his authority on the “Bonnet” and the “Hats”. Initially, it controls with the “party of the Court” (1751 - 1756).
- March 31st: The future George III of the United Kingdom becomes Prince de Galles with died of sound father.
- October 22nd: Guillaume V of Orange-Nassau (3 years) becomes Stadhouder of Holland under the regency of Anna, girl of George II of Great Britain (fine in 1759). The General states declare the load of stathouder hereditary.
- country Agitation against the lords with Bihar, in Hungary.
- Russia: Disgrace of Bestoujev. Rise of Piotr Chouvalov.
- January: Edict creating the Military academy.
- February: The representatives of the clergy still did not provide the declaration of their goods and incomes for the perception of the Twentieth.
- March 24th: Declaration on the reform of the General hospital.
- Business of the General hospital of Paris (1749 - 1752). The new archbishop of Paris, Christophe de Beaumont, excessively pious person, contributes, against the Parliament, to pare the administration Jansenist of the General hospital (March). This support, like the celebration of jubilée, explains in party the reversal of the king in favor of the tax exemption of the clergy.
- December 23rd: In front of the pressure of the clerical lobby the king Louis XV suspends the lifting of the Twentieth on the ecclesiastical goods. Other exemptions are granted to the provincial states and the privileged bodies.
- Food shortage into Low Auvergne.
- Creation of the royal School of the Genius of Wall.
- Bourgeois of Boynes becomes president of the large Council.
- Bubble of Benoit XIV condemning the Freemasonry.
- With the Portugal, Carvalho E Mello prohibits all Autodafé which would not receive the authorization of the civil government.
- the count Trautson becomes archbishop of Vienna (fine in 1757).
Art & culture
Investigation of Austrian Monarchy to draw up the state of teaching into all the territory (1751 - 1756).
- Organization with Vienna of a Marie-Therese college to ensure the education of the noble young people placed at the service of the State.
- the Scottish movement maconnic touches the French cabins which are placed under the authority of the Midsummer's Day cabin of Scotland.
- Series of sights of the Castle of Warwick , Canaletto.
- Marc Pierre de Voyer d' Argenson founds the Military academy, built by Gabriel (1751 - 1769).
Science & technology
- July 1st: Diderot and D' Alembert publishes the first volume of the Encyclopédie or reasoned Dictionary of sciences, arts and the trades .
- the Nickel is insulated by Axel Frederik Cronstedt.
- the French scientist Jean-Etienne Guettard produces the first geological maps of France.
- the first steam engine of Germany is installed in a black lead meadows of Düsseldorf.
- Philosophia botanica of Carl von Linné.
Economy & company
- Marie-Therese makes draw up a land register which establishes the country property and clearly separates it from the possessions of the nobility.
- Great Britain: Gin Act voted under the pressure of the opinion which allows a strong fall of the production of alcohol (cf 1736).
Births in 1751
- March 17th: Anders Dahl, Botanist Swedish († 1789).
- December 10th: George Kearsley Shaw, Botanist and British Zoologist († 1813).
Death in 1751
- February 9th: Henri François d' Aguesseau, chancellor of France (Minister of Justice).
- July 29th: Benjamin Robins Engineer and British Mathematician inventive of the ballistic Clock.
- December 12th: Holy Henry John de Bolingbroke, 1st Viscount of Bolingbroke, in Battersea, close to London. Politician and British writer which lived in exile in France and attended Voltaire and other writers
Be-X-old: 1751 Map-bms: 1751 Simple: 1751 Zh-yue: 1751 年
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