This page relates to the year 1746 Gregorian Calendrier.
- massive Rebellion of the aboriginals of the Jinchuan, in the west of the Sichuan (fine in 1749).
- Persecution of the Christian missionaries, considered by the State as of the rebels who plot with the foreigner.
- Mars: The Sikhs take again the offensive. The Moslems start a terrible repression known under the name of first will ghalughara (holocaust).
the France and the Great Britain fight for the domination of the India. The conflict opposes the administrator of the East India Company, Robert Clive, with the governor of Pondichéry, Joseph François Dupleix (fine in 1761).
- July 6th: naval Battle of Négapatam between Bertrand-François Mahé of Bourdonnais and Peyton in the Indian Ocean.
- 4 - September 24th: Sit and taken Madras by the French fleet of the admiral Mahé of Bourdonnais, governor of the islands of France and Bourbon.
- October 13rd: The fleet of Bourdonnais is destroyed by a hurricane.
- October 19th: Bourdonnais refuses to burn Madras and proposes city with the British against 9 million books. He will be shown of intelligence with the enemy and will be embastillé.
the Franco-British conflict causes the increase in the English soldiers in India: in 1746,200 soldiers keep the strong Saint-David of Madras. They will be 589 in 1748, 1758 in 1759, and 2590 in 1769. The civilians are only 253 at the time.
The Middle East
- Saoudi Dynasty on the Nedjd.
- March 21st: Free-Saxon treaty.
- May 22nd: The Russia and the Austria are combined against the Prussia (defensive Alliance stipulating a help of 30 000 men).
- June 16th: Demolished Spaniards and of the French ordered by Maillebois, with the Battle of Pleasure against the Piedmontese one and the Austrians. The France and the Spain, which occupied the plain of the Po, must be folded up. Invasion of the Provence by the Austrians.
- July 9th: Beginning of the reign of Ferdinand VI of Spain (fine in 1759). During its reign, he endeavors to consolidate his Italian positions of the house of Bourbon and to ensure without clash the succession of Spain, being without heirs to his wife Barbara de Bragance. Concerned of peace ( Paz idiot todos will guerra there has nadie ), it follows a policy of consolidation of the institutions and continues the restoration of the fleet of war.
- August 6th: Beginning of the reign of Frederic V, king of Denmark and Norway (fine in 1766). Moderated reformist, it calls near him the family members of the Bernstorff, which, of wire father or uncle with nephew, remain in the entourage of the sovereigns during nearly one century.
- August 12th: Victoire of Maillebois on Austria with Rottofreddo.
- 4 - September 6th: Genoa is occupied by the Austria (Antoniotto de Botta-Adorno). A popular insurrection drives out the Austrians later a few months.
- October 11th: Battle of Rocoux, which sees the French Army , placed under the command of the Maréchal Maurice of Saxony, to gain a victory over the armies British, Austrian and Dutch with the orders of the prince Charles of Lorraine, general and prince Autrichien. Catch of Antwerp by the French. The Saxony is detached from alliance anti-Frenchwoman.
- 5 - December 10th: The Austrian troops are driven out of Genoa by the revolt of Balilla.
the Denmark acquires of the Holstein.
- the hospodar Constantin Mavrocordato abolishes serfdom in Valachie.
- January 17th: Victoire of the army jacobite with the battles of Falkirk.
- February 10th: Resignation of the government Pelham.
- Pelham and Newcastle wants to make enter William Pitt to the government. The king refuses. The ministers in place resign and the king cannot replace them, in front of the unwillingness of the Communes. Finally, it must yield.
- April 16th: Demolished Jacobites, in favor of Charles Edouard Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) by the British troops of Cumberland to the Battle of Culloden, last combat to take place on the British ground. Cumberland undertakes the systematic and violent reconquest of the Scotland. Quasi-destruction of the civilization of the clans of the Highlands (1747).
- : Dress Act ; The port of the Kilt is intedit in Scotland.
the British fleet intervenes in the Atlantique and the Indian Ocean: it establishes the blockade of the French and Spanish ports and manages to paralyze the trade of the two kingdoms whose naval forces appear unable to break the blockade.
- Wales and Berwick Act which provides that any reference to the England in a law of the Parliament includes/understands references to the Wales and with Berwick.
- June 29th: Canonization of Catherine de Ricci.
- Christophe de Beaumont (1703-1781) becomes Archevêque of Paris. He fights against the Jansenists and the philosophers.
Art & culture
See also: 1746 with the theater
- February 24th: Foundation of the Theresianum college to Vienna.
- October 22nd: Foundation of the College of Princetown in the New Jersey (the United States).
- Voltaire is elected with the French Academy.
- Diderot translates the Essai on the merit and the virtue of Shaftesbury and publishes its Pensées philosophical work condemned by the Parlement of Paris for its materialism and its atheism.
Thought on the true evaluation of the lifeblood of Kant.
- Odes , of William Hakes.
- Scylla and Glaucus , opera of Jean-Marie Leclair.
- the Art of the running away of Jean-Sebastien Bach (1746-1749).
- Stay of Canaletto in England (fine in 1755).
Science & technology
- Reflections on the general cause of the winds of Alembert (resolution of the differential equations to the derivative partial).
- Russia: Lomonossov inaugurates a popular course of experimental physics.
Economy & company
- Foundation with Mulhouse of the first factory of Indian, fabrics of cottons coloured, painted or printed.
- Russia: Ukase ordering to the commoners to sell their fields and their defendant to buy serfs.
Births in 1746
- February 4th: Tadeusz Kościuszko, revolutionist Polish († October 15th 1817)
- March 7th: Andre Michaux, Exploring botanist and French († 1802)
- March 30th: Francisco Goya, painter and Spanish engraver († April 16th 1828)
- May 10th: Gaspard Monge, French mathematician († July 28th 1818)
- July 7th: Giuseppe Piazzi, astronomer and ecclesiatic Italian († 1826)
- November 12th: Jacques Charles, French, “inventive” chemist of the Balloon to gas
- October: George Atwood, British physicist , inventor of the Machine of Atwood
- December 12th: Jacques Alexandre César Charles, French physicist
Death in 1746
- February 22nd: Guillaume Coustou, French sculptor (1677 -1746).
- March 13rd: Charles de Vintimille of the Luc, archbishop of Paris.
- March 18th: Anne Léopoldovna, in prison.
- July 2nd: Jacques Good-Gigault of Bellefonds, archbishop of Paris.
- July 9th: Philippe V of Spain, with Madrid
- July 20th: Jacques Good-Gigault of Bellefonds, archbishop of Paris
- November 14th: Georg Wilhelm Steller, botanist, zoologist, doctor and Russian explorer of German origin (° 1709)
- December 5th: Nicolas de Largillière, painter French.
Be-X-old: 1746 Map-bms: 1746 Simple: 1746 Zh-yue: 1746 年
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