This page relates to the year 1744 Gregorian Calendrier.
Franco-British War in North America (fine in 1748).
- the British admiral Anson, charged to unload with the Peru, sees its fleet partly destroyed by the storm. With the only ship which remains to him, it sets out again towards the Filipino with the continuation of the galleon of Manila to bring back triumphantly of them the cargoes in Great Britain.
- the king of the Sennar Baadi IV Abou Chilouk crushes the army abyssine Négus Iyasou II.
- the Moslem kingdom of the Sennar (current Sudan) crosses one flourishing period until the end of the century.
- India: Conflicts between British and French (1744 - 1763) with died of the Nizâm. The English Compagnie of the Indies Orientales receives the supports of the British fleet what causes the intervention of the regular forces of king de France.
The Middle East
Arabia: Beginning of the reign of the Bedouin sheik Mohammed ibn Saoud on modest the Oasis of Darriyah, in the center of the Arabic desert. It collects a religious reformer in escape, Mohamed ibn Abd Al-Wahhab which preaches a return to the sources of the religion. It goes to found Wahhabisme, which wants to be a puritan vision of the Islam, whose cradle is located at Nadjd, in the center of Arabia.
- 22 - February 23rd: Battle of the course Sicié close to Toulon between the fleets Franco-Spanish and British.
- March 15th, War of succession of Austria: Louis XV declares the war with the Great Britain and the Austria.
- In front of successes of the Austrians, Frederic II of Prussia renews its alliance with the German France and princes to save its conquests in Silesia. Louis XV tightens his agreement with Spain, breaks with Great Britain and declares the war with the “queen of Hungary”.
- April 20th: Demolished anglo-Sardinians with the Battle of Vilafranca (today Villefranche-sur-Mer). The Franco-Spanish armies cross the Var and seize the Comté of Nice.
- May 22nd: Elisabeth Ire of Russia reaches the Traité of Warsaw between the Austria, the Saxony, the Great Britain and the Holland.
- May 25th: The Prussia acquires the Eastern Frise.
- May: Louis XV leaves Versailles to take the command of the army of Flanders. During the way, he requests the miraculous Virgin of Cambrai.
- August 15th: Second war of Silesia; the troops of the king Frederic II of Prussia invade the Saxony and the Bohemia, then are pushed back by the Austrian troops and saxonnes. Marie-Therese is forced to point out its troops, which releases the French border.
- August: The French troops pass the the Rhine.
- July 19th: Battle of Pierrelongue, in the the Alps, on a peak close to Bellino, between the French troops of the Baillif de Givri, Lieutenant-General and the Piedmontese troops and Sardinian, gained by the French.
- September 30th: Victoire of France and Spain to the Battle of the Madonna of Olmo (close to Coni) on the Kingdom of Sardinia.
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Mars: Decree creating the government of Orenburg.
- June 28th: Sophie d' Anhalt-Zerbst converts with the Russian orthodoxe Église to marry the future Pierre III of Russia.
- Elisabeth receives with Kiev a delegation which asks for the re-establishment of the hetman and the removal of the provisional commission of 1734.
- January 14th: stop of the Council taking again the concession made in 1698 with the owners of the ground, the right to work the coal mines in their funds (Daniel Trudaine).
- July-August: Insurrection with Lyon of the workmen of textile industry.
- August - September: The king of France, in visit with the armies, falls ill with Metz. Its mistress Madam de Châteauroux must flee under the hootings. The devout party pushes Mgr of Fitz-James, first chaplain, to require of the king to give him the discharge, a public confession of its faults in which he declares being unworthy of the name of Christian king Très. Spread by the clergy, this confession astounds the people.
5 with the October 10th: the king Louis XV of France goes in visit to Strasbourg. It is the first time since 1681 and visits it of Louis XIV that a monarch goes in Alsace. Sumptuous festivals are organized in all the city. the wine runs in the fountains of the places. fires of artifices are drawn. Gigantic a 12 meters high and broad folding screen of 30 is drawn up opposite the palate of Rohan to hide the little appreciated houses of Gothic style partly. This visit will leave the city extasiée and involved in debt for many years.
November: Apparently triumphal return of the king to Paris.
- frontier Agreements with the cantons of Bern and Geneva.
- Appearance of the first Protestant registers of parochial acts in Languedoc.
- Rene-Louis de Voyer de Paulmy d' Argenson (1694-1757) becomes secretary of foreign affairs of 1744 to 1747.
Art & culture
See also: 1744 with the theater
- July 17th: By letter patent gone back to Dunkirk, Louis XV recognizes the foundation of a Learned society which will become later the Académie of Montauban, to which in particular took part Jean-Jacques Lefranc de Pompignan and its cousin Géraud Valet of Réganhac.
- Loves of the gods , series of tapestries of François Butcher.
- William Hogarth paints the series Marriage with-the-mode (1743 - 1745).
- work of the Résidence of Würzburg is completed.
Science & technology
- Methodus inveniendi , of the Swiss Mathematician Leonhard Euler. It shows the existence of transcendent numbers.
Births in 1744
- May 19th: Constantine John Phipps, second baron Mulgrave, is a British Explorateur († 1792).
- July 4th: Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin, Doctor, Exploring Naturalist and German († 1774).
- July 19th: Heinrich Christian Boie, German author.
- : Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist.
- August 16th: Pierre Méchain, French astronomer.
- September 9th: Gabriel Feydel, lawyer and politician French, appointed of the Seneschalsy of the Quercy to the General states. († June 26th 1827).
- December 21st: Anne Vallayer-Coster, painter Frenchwoman.
Death in 1744
- February 29th: Jean-Theophilus Desaguliers, British scientist
- April 25th: Centigrade Anders.
- June 29th: Andre Campra, French type-setter of Italian origin (Aix-en-Provence, 1660-Versailles, 1744).
- May 30th: Alexander Pope poet and British essay writer (1688-1744), translator of the Iliade.
- December 8th: Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess of Chateauroux, mistress of Louis XV.
Be-X-old: 1744 Map-bms: 1744 Simple: 1744 Zh-yue: 1744 年
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