This page relates to the year 1743 Gregorian Calendrier.
- January 1st: The wire Vérendrye go up the High Missouri to the foot of the Rocky Mountains. They assert the American west for the France.
- May: Van Imhoff becomes general governor of the Dutch Compagnie of the Eastern Indies with Batavia (fine in 1750): It tries to reform the methods of trade and colonization of use in Indonesia, but its reformism will go bankrupt.
- the Dutch colonial system is gangréné by corruption, favoritism and the roughness with the profit. The control of increasingly vast territories in an increasingly strict state of dependence requires a fleet and an important army. The production ceiling to hold the courses ends up drying up certain resources and exports to Europe tend to decrease, whereas the Asian market is competed with by the British and the French. To hide the deficits and to guarantee the dividends with the shareholders, the directors practice a systematic policy of loans.
the Dutchmen take the control of the island of Java.
- April 11th: The Marquis of Ensenada becomes Prime Minister in Spain (fine in 1754). It starts a policy of tax reform. It tries to remove Alcabala S and millones (indirect taxes on the consumables) in their substituent an income tax all which would be founded on the extent and the value of the grounds; But the cadastration necessary which conduit remain there about limited to the Catalogne and the estimate of movable fortune cannot be concluded (1750).
- May 12th: Marie-Therese is crowned “king” of Bohemia to Prague.
- Creation of an Office of the claims in Russia.
- War of succession of Austria: Lord Carteret, by a skilful diplomacy, succeeds in insulating France and making direct the coalition by Georges II of Great Britain, voter of Hanover.
- June 13rd: Shipwreck of the Hollandia , failed the islands of Scilly on its return of the Eastern Indies.
- June 16th: Preliminaries of peace enters the Russia and the Sweden.
- June 27th: Battle of Dettingen (Bavaria). The armies British and hanovrienne, joined by the Austrians, demolish there a French Army ordered by the marshal of Noailles.
- July: The second alliance free-Prussian.
- August 7th: Treated of Åbo (Turku) between the Russia and the Sweden. The Karelia is annexed by the Russians. Adolphe-Frederic, wire of the duke of Holstein-Gottorp is imposed like heir by the empress to Russia Elisabeth Petrovna. End of the War Russo-Suédoise of 1741-1743.
- August 27th: Beginning of the ministry whig of Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of Great Britain (fine in 1754).
- September 13rd: Treated Worms between the Austria, the Great Britain, the Saxony, the Hanover and the Piedmont which give themselves for goal the catch of the Alsace, the Lorraine and of the Three bishoprices to the France.
- October 25th: Renewal of the Pact of family between the Bourbons.
- December: Resumption of the Franco-Russian relations, stopped during the war of Russia against Sweden.
- Russia: Creation of a conference of the ministers, are equivalent of the Cabinet.
- Epidemic in Paris; a new disease which one will call the Grippe.
January 29th: With died on Fleury, Louis XV, 33 years old, decides to personally exert all the loads of the sovereign capacity. The party warmonger (Tencin, Noailles, Argenson) takes the top until 1756-1757.
- March 10th: Noailles becomes minister of state.
Charles-Daniel Trudaine becomes managing director of the Ponts and Chaussées.
- obligatory Teaching of catechism in all the Russian schools.
Art & culture
See also: 1743 with the theater
- March 23rd: with London, representation of the Messiah , composed by Georg Friedrich Haendel, which receives an ovation upright ( standing ovation ) - the first of the history, seem-T-it - at the conclusion of the representation (first in Dublin in 1742).
Foundation of the university of Erlangen in Bavaria.
- Benjamin Franklin founds the american company of philosophy to Philadelphia in Pennsylvania.
- Christian Wolf becomes chancellor of the university of Halle.
- Antiquitates italicae mediaevi , of Muratori.
- England: Jack Broughton fixes the first true rules of the Boxe.
Science & technology
- Treated of dynamics of Alembert (Principle of Alembert).
- Lessons of experimental physics (1743-1748), of Nollet.
Economy & company
- fast Increase in the French population until in 1771.
- agricultural Crisis in Scandinavia. Raise mortality.
- Of strong taxes strikes alcohols in Great Britain, contributing to restrict consumption and to fight largely widespread alcoholism.
- Santo Domingo produced 43 000 tons of sugar per annum.
Births in 1743
- February 19th: Luigi Boccherini, Italian type-setter.
- February 23rd: Mayer Rotschild, financier
- February 28th: Rene Just Haüy, French mineralogist († 1822).
- April 13rd: Thomas Jefferson, future President of the United States.
- May 1st: Claude Alexis Cochard, lawyer and politician French, appointed of the Third state with the General states of 1789. († October 18th 1815).
- May 24th: Jean-Paul Marat, member of the national Convention († July 17th 1793).
- July 20th: Costillares (Joaquín Rodríguez), Spanish Matador († January 27th 1800).
- August 26th: Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier, French chemist († May 8th 1794).
- September 17th:
- Nicolas de Condorcet ( Marquis ), mathematician and politician French.
- Jean-Baptiste Massieu, monk and politician French, appointed clergy of the Baillage of Senlis to the General states, constitutional Bishop of the department of the Oise. († June 6th 1818).
- November 8th: Johann Christian Ludwig Hellwig, entomologist Germany († 1831).
- November 23rd: Theophilus Malo Corret of the Tower of Auvergne, French soldier celtisant († June 27th 1800)
- February 1st: Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist.
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Gavriil Romanovitch Derjavine, Russian poet born in Karzan author of Felitsa († 1816).
Death in 1743
- January 29th: The Cardinal Fleury, Prime Minister of Louis XV, at the 90 years age.
- February 10th (or 19?) : Louise-Adelaide of Orleans, abbess of Chelles, girl of the regent Philippe of Orleans (° 1698).
- April 20th: Alexandre-François Desportes painter (1661-1743).
- December 29th: Hyacinthe Stone, painter (born with Perpignan in 1659).
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