This page relates to the year 1742 Gregorian Calendrier.
- January 14th: Joseph François Dupleix, becomes the Managing director of the French counters in the Indies with Pondichéry. It colonizes part of the India to the profit of the France.
- the British companies and Frenchwomen in India break with the policy of the counters and start a policy of penetration and conquest. In 1743, the two companies treat between them to know if they will remain apart from the European conflict. The British end up refusing.
- July 11th: Constitution Ex quo singulari . The pope Benoît XIV condemns the political Jesuits in China. End of the Quarrel of the Rites.
- February 18th: The British attack Guaira with the Venezuela.
- November 3rd: Pedro Cebrián Agustín takes there its functions of viceroy of News-Spain (fine in 1746).
- Revolt quechua of Juan Santos Atahualpa with the Peru.
- the Russians of Alexei Tchirikov explore the Alaska and the Aleutian Islands.
- Madagascar: The Sakalava Andrianiveniarivo, brother of Andriamhatindriarivo, after having conquered the valleys of Sofia and Sambrino, then the island of Nossi-Be and the territory of the Ankarana, become king of Boina (fine in 1770). Sakalava occupy then with the kingdoms of the Ménabe and Boina the third of Madagascar.
- Maximum history of the Norwegian and Icelandic glaciers (1742 - 1754).
- January 24th: Beginning of the reign of Charles VII Albert, Germanic Roman Emperor (end in 1745).
- February 11th: The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Robert Walpole, with the capacity for 20 years, has resigned in front of the hostility of the communes.
- February 16th: Beginning of the ministry whig of the count de Wilmington, Prime Minister of Great Britain (fine in 1743). The new ministry, animated by Lord John Carteret, Henry Pelham and Newcastle, is resolutely anti-French.
- May 17th: Frederic II of Prussia beats Austria with the Bataille of Chotusitz
- June 11th: Peace of Breslau. After the conquest of Silesia on the Austria, Frederic II of Prussia withdraws combat.
- Marie-Therese, having lost the imperial crown, the High-Austria, the Bohemia, the Silesia, turns to the Hungarians who promise to him their support in exchange of their independence (raised 60 000 men). The Hungarian diet recognizes it like sovereign (June 25th). She promises the Milanais with the king of Sardinia.
- July 28th: To the Treated of Berlin, Marie-Therese yields to the Prussia the Silesia and the county of Graz except for the duchies of Teschen, Troppau and Jaegerndorf. The Saxony sign peace. Austria is turned over against the Bavaria and is combined in Savoy, Saxony and Great Britain. The weight of the war falls down on the France.
- July 13rd: Beautiful-Isle makes publish a license promising freedom with all the serfs of Bohemia who would take the weapons against Austria.
- August - December: Beautiful-Isle must evacuate the High-Austria and the Bohemia while the Austrians advance to the Rhine (Munich is occupied the day of the election of the emperor Charles Albert from Bavaria to Frankfurt).
- September 4th, War Russo-Suédoise: The Swedes capitulate to the Russians with Helsinki.
- December 26th: Reprocess Beautiful-Isle on the the Rhine.
- December 31st: Charles Theodore of Bavaria becomes Elector Palatine
- Marie-Therese created a aulic chancellery and of State having the upper hand on the foreign affairs and the businesses of the house of the Habsbourg.
- August: The Cardinal of Tencin and the count d' Argenson, of the devout clan, adversaries of Fleury, enter to the Conseil of in top.
- October: The duke Adrien de Noailles, old protected from Madam de Maintenon, reaches the situation of advising gradually semi-official Louis XV.
- December: Marie-Anne de Mailly becomes the mistress of Louis XV. She is named lady-in-waiting of the queen.
- to finance the war, Philibert Orry borrows from 1742 of the important sums via the provincial States, in particular those of the Languedoc, whose credit is better than that of the king and who act as regional bank.
- January 27th: Andrei Osterman and Munich, condemned to death, pardoned and is exiled in Siberia like Biron. Alexis Pétrovitch Bestoujev-Rioumine becomes responsible for the foreign affairs.
- May 6th: Elisabeth is crowned with Moscow.
- November 18th: Elisabeth designates her nephew, the duke of Holstein-Gottorp like his successor.
- December: The Cabinet of the ministers is removed and the Senate east restores (14 members). The Dolgorouki return to the court.
- defensive Pacte enters the Russia and the Great Britain.
- secret Marriage of the empress Elisabeth with Alexis Razoumovski.
- the Juifs are expelled of Russia.
- June 18th: Benoit XIV béatifie Jeanne de France.
- July 11th: The pope Benoît XIV definitively condemns the Chinese rites malabares and rites (bubble Ex quo singulari ).
Art & culture
See also: 1742 with the theater
- Foundation of the first maconnic cabin of Vienna, “With the three guns”. Girl of that of Breslau, “With the three skeletons”, it will be closed dice 1743 on order of the empress Marie-Therese.
- Marivaux obtains its seat with the French Academy thanks to the support of Mrs. de Tencin
- Rousseau goes to Paris where it earns its living as Master of music, copyist and private secretary. It binds with Diderot.
- Reflections on poetic the of Fontenelle.
- Sopha, tells moral Crébillon wire, in which a ridiculous character could be taken for Louis XV, which obliges it to be exiled during five years (April 7th).
- Eclogues Persians collection of worms of William Hakes.
- the Nights , poems of Edward Young (1683-1765).
- April 13rd: First of the Messiah of Haendel to Dublin.
- December 7th: inauguration of the opera of Berlin with Cesare E Cleopatra , of Carl Heinrich Graun.
- Variations Goldberg of Jean-Sebastien Bach.
- Angel-Jacques Gabriel becomes First architect of the King of France and director of the Academy of Architecture.
- Construction of the Royal palace of Queluz, in the North of Lisbon (fine in 1752).
Science & technology
- March 19th: The Marquis de Bacqueville is the first man to have succeeded in flying while crossing the the Seine. It had fixed large wings on its arms and its legs. It falls following faiblissement of the wind and breaks a leg.
- June 7th: Formulation of the Conjecture of Goldbach.
- the Swedish scientist Anders Celsius invents the scale of temperatures which bears its name.
- Creation of the royal Academy of sciences to Copenhagen.
Economy & company
the Dutch Compagnie of the Eastern Indies grants to the officers, to compensate them for a trade that one prohibits to them, of the premiums proportional to their rank. In fact, the Company does not manage to make respect its monopoly by its own employees.
Births in 1742
- 2 or January 3rd: Jean-Baptiste Treilhard, Lawyer and politician French for the period of the Revolution, appointed with the General states of 1789, president of the constituent Assembly, then of the national Convention. († December 5th 1810).
- January 8th: Philip Astley, the father of the modern Circus.
- May 6th: Jean Senebier, priest and Swiss botanist († 1809).
- June 4th: Ignacio Jordán Claudio of ESA there LED Rio, Naturalist, lawyer and Spanish historian († 1814).
- August 19th: Jean Dauberval, dancer and choreographer French († February 14th 1806)
- December 9th: Carl Wilhelm Scheele, chemist Swedish discoverer of many chemical elements († 1786).
Death in 1742
- March 23rd: the Abbot Of the Boss, historian, critic and diplomat French (Beauvais, 1670-Paris, 1742).
- June 16th: Louise-Elisabeth of Orleans, known as Miss de Montpensier , girl of the Regent Philippe of Orleans, queen of Spain (° December 11th 1709).
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Pedro de Ribera, artist Spanish baroque (° 1681).
- Gilles Marie Oppenordt, architect and decorator (Paris, 1672-1742).
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