This page relates to the year 1741 Gregorian Calendrier.
- March 9th - May 20th: failure of the British of Edward Vernon with the seat of Carthagène of the Indies.
- April: Insurrection of the black slaves with New York ( Great Negro Stud ).
- New York account 10 000 black White and 2000 slaves. After one particularly hard winter, mysterious fires burst (March 18th). Some White and certain slaves, shown to have conspired, are considered and forced to acknowledge. Four White (two men and two women) are carried out, eighteen slaves are hung and thirteen other burned alives.
- July 15th: The the Second forwarding of Kamtchatka, directed by the navigator Danish Vitus Bering, reached the Alaska after having discovered the Bering Strait which separates the Asia from the America in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean.
- the bakers of New York stop work to protest against the high price of corn.
- terrible a Famine ten-per-cent tax Sudanese population (1741 - 1743).
- Mohammed Alamine becomes sultan Baguirmi (fine in 1784). He manages to release Baguirmi with respect to the Bornou.
- Tegbessou of Dahomey seizes Ouidah.
- August 10th: The pasha of Travancore demolishes the Dutch Compagnie of the Eastern Indies to the Bataille of Colachel close to Kanyakumari.
The Middle East
- Nâdir Shâh escapes an attack, which makes it furious insane.
- January 25th, France: The marshal of Beautiful-Isle is named ambassador extraordinary in Germany to support the election with the Empire of the duke of Bavaria.
- January: New distribution of the capacities between the ministers in Russia. Munich preserves only the army and restores the Foreign affairs with Andrei Osterman.
- February 16th: With Dresden, coalition antiprussienne between the Austria, the the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the Saxony and the Russia.
- Mars: The marshal of Beautiful-Isle adopts an attitude resolutely austrophobe with the imperial Diète of Frankfurt.
- April: Prussian Aggression of Silesia.
- April 10th: The Austrians (Wilhelm Reinhard de Neipperg) are crushed by Brandebourg-Prussia (Frederic II of Prussia) with Mollwitz.
- April 30th - June 11th: Election general with the the United Kingdom. The whig S obtain the majority with the communes.
- May 28th: Treaty of Nymphenburg between Spain and the Bavaria.
- June 5th: Frederic II of Prussia sign a treaty of alliance with the marshal of Beautiful-Isle.
- Although wishing to remain apart from the conflict (Marie-Therese had proposed to yield the Austrian Netherlands in exchange of the neutrality of the France), Louis XV and Fleury is constrained by the party anti-Austrian of the marshal of Beautiful-Isle and pressure of the opinion to support the voter of Bavaria (May 28th) and to sign agreements with the Spain and Frederic II of Prussia (June 5th).
- June 25th: Crowning of Marie-Therese " roi" of Hungary to Pozsony. Convocation of the Hungarian Diet with Presbourg. The general states of Hungary acclaim Marie-Therese, offering their life and their blood to him. The Diet votes the levy in masse of noble (“insurrection”) and the setting-up of an army recruited by “doors”, i.e. by tenures of serfs, with in more the mobilization of the Serb soldiers and the Transylvanian riders. The queen restores the function of palatine in the person of János Pálffy.
- August 8th: In Sweden, the “Hats” engage a war against the Russia which will lead to a disaster, the Guerre Russo-Suédoise of 1741-1743.
- New resurrection of the tax of the tenth in France to finance the war.
- France undertakes the conquest of the Bohemia revolted in the name of the voter Charles Albert of Bavaria to ensure the junction with the Prussians.
- September 3rd: Russian Victoire on Sweden close to Lappeenranta.
- November 25th: Prague is occupied by the French troops (Beautiful-Isle), Bavarian and saxonnes.
- December 6th: Advent of Elisabeth Anger of Russia (fine in 1762).
- Ivan VI of Russia is reversed by a nationalist coup d'etat to the profit of Elisabeth Petrovna, girl of Pierre Large the, in accordance with the will of Catherine Ire of Russia. Ivan VI and its family are imprisoned. Elisabeth continues the interior policy of her father, by inflecting it towards a more strict orientation of the social supervision.
- December 19th: The voter of Bavaria takes the title of king of Bohemia.
- Great Britain: Robert Walpole, which occupies a dominant position in the ministry, would like to remain neutral on the continent. Georges II, which is also voter of Hanover, fearing that the war does not extend to its electorate, declares the neutrality of Hanover. The British opinion sees with discredit the increase in the French power.
Creation of elementary schools in the government of Kazan.
- In front of the optical proof of the orbitation of the Earth, the pope Benoît XIV makes give by the the Holy Office the Imprimatur to the first edition of complete works of Galileo. This gesture constitutes an implicit revision of the sentences of 1616 and 1633.
- Legal settlement between the Savoy and the pope, which restricts the prerogatives of the Church in the kingdom.
- Concordat enters and Naples and the pope. The grounds of Church from now on are subjected to the general tax mode.
Art & culture
See also: 1741 with the theater
- Die deutsche Schaubühne (1741-1745) of Gottsched.
- Pamela, or the rewarded virtue , novel of Samuel Richardson (1689-1761).
- Publication of four volumes of the Biblioteca Lusitana , bibliography of Portuguese literary works (1741-1759).
- Basin of Neptune with Versailles.
Sciences and technology
- Discovered Platinum by Charles Wood.
- Œconomia regni animalis (Economy of the animal kingdom), treated Swedenborg.
Economy & company
- Famine in Ireland.
- France: Creation of the school of the Navy.
- the hospodar Constantin Mavrocordato proceeds to a tax reform in Valachie.
the average annual production of gold of the Brésil is of 15 000 kg (1741-1760).
- the annual average production of money of the Spanish America is of 454 tons between 1741 and 1760.
Births in 1741
Heinrich Füssli, British art painter and critic of Swiss origin.
- January 24th: Jean-Jacques Juventin, Pasteur Swiss author of sermons († 1801).
- March 17th: William Withering, Doctor and British Botanist , celebrates for its discovery of the Digitaline († 1799).
- March 20th: Jean-Antoine Houdon, French sculptor († 1828).
- April 6th: Sebastien-Roch Nicolas de Chamfort writer French moralist († 1794) French Academician
- May 3rd: Pierre-Paul Botta, French brigadier general († 1795).
- May 17th: Barthelemy Faujas of Saint-Bottom, geologist and vulcanologist French († 1819).
- May 23rd: Andrea Luchesi, Italian type-setter († 1801).
- July 4th: Benoit Mottet of the Fountain, appointed Grand Lodge of France, police chief-director of the French establishments of the Indies & president of the Superior council with Pondichéry under the Restoration († 1820).
- August 23rd: Jean-François Galaup who will become Jean-François of Perugia, French navigator.
- September 22nd: Peter Simon Pallas, Russian zoologist of origin German († 1811).
Death in 1741
- February 21st: Jethro Tull, agronomist British (1673-1741), inventor of the first mechanical seeder after having noticed the increase in the output as one sowed on line rather than with the flight.
- July 28th: Antonio Vivaldi, Italian type-setter (° 1678).
- September 7th: Henry Desmarest, French musician (Paris, 1661 - Lunéville, 1741).
- December 19th: Vitus Bering, explorer Danish.
|Random links:||University of Bucharest | The French-speaking Bookstore | Nada 84 | Genarp | François Kermoal|