This page relates to the year 1740 Gregorian Calendrier.
February 22nd: Pierre Céloron de Blainville, with a hundred soldiers and Canadian militiamans like 200 combined Amerindians, attacks the Chickasaw S (close to the current city of Memphis, Tennessee). The latter sign peace.
- September 18th: George Anson, in charge of a forwarding against the Spanish colonies, begins its voyage around the world (fine in 1745).
- September: The Cardinal Fleury sends 2 Escadre S in America to help Spain in conflict with the Great Britain. War of the Ear of Jenkins between the France and the Great Britain with the the Antilles (War of succession of Austria, 1740 - 1748)
- the New England account 900 000 inhabitants, of which 150 000 black slaves.
- May 13rd: Besieged with Kairouan, the Bey de Tunis reversed in 1735 Hussein I Bey is captured and decapitated on order of its Younès great nephew.
- the trade of gold, colas and the slaves makes it possible a brilliant civilization to open out in the Achanti kingdom and in their neighbors (Agni, Baoulé, Pokou…)
- Beginning of the reign of Tegbessou, king of the Dahomey (fine in 1774).
- At the beginning of the 18th century, the sultan of the Baguirmi to conduit several forwardings against the Borkou and the Kaouar, but the sultanate is surrounded by two powerful kingdoms, the Bornou and the Ouadaï. In 1740, it must be recognized vassal of Bornou.
- Kingdom Lounda Kazembe in the south of the Lake Moero (Katanga, Zambia).
- October 9th: Massacre of the Chinese residing at Batavia by VOC. Those which could flee or resident apart from the city take the weapons. The princes java be born join the insurrection, and it revolt is general. Kartasura and Rembang falls to the hands from the insurrectionists. Surabaya is threatened. It takes two years and the gathering for Java of all manpower available to restore the order.
- Return of the capuchin Della Penna to the Tibet with FRA Cassiano da Macerata which will leave a newspaper and sketches of a great historical and ethnographic interest. The mission of the capuchins is completed in 1741 fault of financial support and vis-a-vis the hostility of the Buddhist clergy.
- the Iranian usurper Nâdir Shâh takes Bukhara and Khiva.
- Revolt of the Mons in Burma. They install with Pegu a sovereign of their choice.
- April 25th: The Peshwâ Balaji Baji Rao II succeeds his/her father Baji Rao. He will subdue a revolt started against him by the king of the Marathes and will become in 1757 the true Master of the confederation. The king will confirm the heredity of the function of Peshwâ of Marathes (fine in 1761).
- April 29th: The Bengal is declared independent in India. The Nabab (governor) of Bengal Ali Vardi Khan stops his payments with the imperial Treasury of Delhi.
- France: Bad harvest related to the cold climate. Increased misery. Strong mortality related cold and to the Malnutrition. The imports of grains avoid the food shortage.
- rigorous Winter, followed from one spring and a cold summer in Belgium. Bad harvests. Food shortage and riots of subsistence to Liege.
- Crisis of subsistence in Sweden (1740 - 1743).
- February 5th: Rome fails in its attempt to annex the republic of San Marino. The legate Jules Alberoni is repudiated.
- May 31st: Beginning of the reign of Frederic II of Prussia (fine in 1786).
- July: the marquis de Maillebois obtains the rendering of the Corsican insurrectionists. Exile with Naples of Hyacinthe and Pascal Paoli.
- August 17th: Beginning of the Pontificate of Benoit XIV (fine in 1758).
- October 5th: Ivan IV is adopted by its great-aunt Anna Ivanovna who designates it as successor.
- October 20th: Beginning of the War of succession of Austria between the France, the Spain, the Saxony, the Bavaria and the Prussia against the Great Britain and the Netherlands following the death of the emperor Charles VI without male heirs (end in 1748).
- Marie-Therese, old 23 years, resting on the Pragmatic Sanction, goes up on the throne of the Habsbourg (fine in 1780).
- the voter of Bavaria and the voter of Saxony, taking advantage of the rights of their wives, respectively cousin and older sister of Marie-Therese, mobilize. The France supports the Bavaria while the Prussia supports the Saxony.
- Philippe V of Spain wants to benefit from the weakening of the Austria to recover the Italian possessions of the Spain, lost with the Traité of Utrecht.
- Frederic II of Prussia takes advantage of its rights on the Silesia in the name of his wife, niece of Charles VI.
- October 28th: Beginning of the reign of Ivan VI of Russia, proclaimed tsar at the two months age under the supervision of Biron, favorite of Anna Ivanovna.
- November 19th, Russia: the general Burckhardt of Munich makes stop Biron which is imprisoned with Schüsselbourg. Anna Léopoldovna, mother of the emperor, is proclaimed regent (fine in 1741). Munich becomes Prime Minister.
- December 16th: Frederic II of Prussia enters in Silesia without diplomatic preparation and declaration of war. Its troops are well accommodated by the population mainly Protestant.
- First publication of the Fragment of Muratori.
Art & culture
See also: 1740 with the theater
- the Anti-Machiavel of Frederic II Large the. This writing, preaching a capacity which would not be founded any more on the divine right but of course a contract, was worth the reputation of “king-philosopher to him”.
- Second book of the quite moderate Keyboard of Jean-Sebastien Bach (1740-1744).
- the French painter Jean Siméon Chardin painted the Grace .
- Venus Triumph, fabric of François Butcher.
- Seen bank of Esclavons since the basin , fabrics of Canaletto.
- Neptune and Amphitrite , sculpture of Adam Elder the (park of Versailles).
- Horses of Marly (1740-1745), carved group of Guillaume Coustou.
Science & technology
- Creation of the weaving loom Jacques de Vaucanson.
- Buffon becomes intendant of the Garden of the King.
Economy & company
- the trade between the China and the Occident represents approximately 20 ships per annum (silk trade, porcelain, the). This trade is overdrawn for Europeans who balance the silver and gold deficit.
- Dantzig exports 40 000 tons of cereals (250 000 tons in 1649).
- Development of the factories of Catalan Indians.
- Rise of the trade in Austria.
Births in 1740
- February 17th: Horace-Bénédict de Saussure, Naturalist and geologist, it is regarded as the founder of the Alpinisme. († 1799)
- April 2nd: Armand-Gaston Camus, lawyer, jurisconsult and politician French. († November 2nd 1804).
- June 2nd: Marquis de Sade, French writer, († 1814).
- June 24th: Father Juan Ignacio Molina, priest Jesuit and Chilean Naturalist († 1829).
- June 27th: John Latham, Doctor, Naturalist and British writer († 1837).
- August 9th: Giovanni Cristofano Amaduzzi ( Amadutius ), monk, academic, Philosopher and scholar Italy N. († January 21st 1792).
- August 23rd: Ivan VI of Russia, Tsar of Russia of 1740 with 1741 († 1764)
- August 26th: Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, inventive French, († 1810).
- October 20th: Beautiful of Zuylen, French writer, († 1805).
- October 29th: James Boswell, British writer , († 1795)
- October 31st: Philippe-Jacques de Loutherbourg, Franco-English painter († March 11th 1812)
Death in 1740
- June 1st: Samuel Werenfels, theologist calvinist (1657 -1740), professor with the faculty of Basle.
- February 6th: Clement XII. A long conclave spread out over two quarters elects Benoît XIV, which will be the pope of the opening.
- February 9th: Vincent Lübeck, German organist, (° 1656).
- October 20th: Charles VI of Austria, Germanic emperor. It leaves a catastrophic situation in Austria (° 1685).
- October 28th: Anna Ivanovna, tsarina de Russie.
|Random links:||Riervescemont | Pier Carpi | Myxine | Park of Thiéfosse | Augustin Ngirabatware|