This page relates to the year 1739 Gregorian Calendrier.
January 1st: Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet of Lozier discovers the Île Grooving plane.
- the Russians reach the Kouriles and the north of the Japan.
- Paix enters the Dzoungars and the China. The territories located at the west of the Altaï, hitherto occupied by, are returned to the khanat Oïrat and the commercial relations are restored.
- the permanent effort of war, which mobilizes manpower masculine, has ends up burdening the economy with the khanat of Dzoungarie.
- February 14th: French Establishments of Kârikâl.
- February 24th: Persan the Nâdir Shâh crushes the Moghols with the Bataille of Karnal.
- March 20th: Nâdir Shâh takes Delhi of which it makes massacre the revolted population. It sets out again in May by carrying fabulous spoils (including one enormous diamond, the Koh-i Nor , and a fabulous throne in the shape of peacock in solid gold encrusted with invaluable stones). The Persian appendix provinces beyond the Indus (Sind, Kabul, west of the Panjab).
- Mars: The Marathes take Salsette and Bassein with the Portuguese. They sign a treaty of alliance with the Britanniques of Bombay.
- August 20th: Final re-establishment of the viceroyalty of News-Grenade.
- September 9th: Revolt slaves with Stono (North Carolina). A group of 20 slaves seizes rifles and flees towards the South. They are joined by others to count eighty members. The militia catches up with them, and nearly fifty revolted and twenty-five White are killed in the battle which puts an end to the rebellion.
- November 22nd: The British take Puerto Bello with the Panamá during the Guerre of the Ear of Jenkins with the Spain.
- Colonization of Villa Boa with the Brazil.
- cold Years (1739 - 1752).
- July 22nd: Battle of Grocka: Disaster of the countryside against the Turks directed by Wallis; the imperial army, crushed with Grocka takes refuge with Belgrade, which is besieged by the Othoman . The negotiations begin again with the assistance of the ambassador of France with Constantinople, the Marquis de Villeneuve.
- the Russians take again Iassy with the Turks.
- September 18th: Treaty of Belgrade, with the mediation of the France, fixing the austro-Turkish border on the Save. It makes it possible to safeguard the interests of the Turks vis-a-vis the Austria following the policy of rectification of the top dog Mehmed Yeyen. The imperial diplomats, directed by Wilhelm Reinhard de Neipperg yield to the Turks almost all the territories acquired in 1718 (Belgrade, Serbia, small Valachie) except for the Banat.
- After this reverse of the Austria, the Christian people of the Balkans will tend to turn to Saint-Pétersbourg.
- October 3rd: Treaty of Nyssa (today Nevşehir) between the Door and the Russia. The Russians keep Azov and the Zaparojié. Turkey finds the occupied territories since the beginning of the conflict, except a scrap between Bug and Dniepr. No Russian house will penetrate in Black Sea.
- October 23rd: The Great Britain declares the war with the Spain to obtain the broader opening of the Spanish colonies to its commercial traffic (Guerre of the Ear of Jenkins). Tensions between Versailles and London.
- December 13rd: French defeat of the troops against the Corsica insurrection in Borgo. France sends reinforcements ordered by the marquis de Maillebois (1740).
- Venice loses its places of the Peloponnese.
- French Embassy of Jacques-Joachim Trotti of Chétardie to Saint-Pétersbourg (1739 - 1744).
- Interdiction is made in Poland with the “dissidents” (not-catholics) reach the Senate and be appointed with the Diet.
Mars: The king Louis XV, inaccurate husband and scrupulous Christian, sees himself prohibiting Communion by his confessor: he does not touch nor will not touch any more the scrofula, which affects the monarchical symbol durably.
- October: One very rigorous winter beginning which will last until March 1740: one counted 75 days of freezing in Paris, including 22 consecutive.
- October 25th: Louise Elisabeth de France, girl of the king, marries Philippe, wire of Philippe V of Spain, future duke of Parma (marriage by procuration the August 26th).
- November 14th: Jean-Joseph de Fogasses d' Entrechaux of Bastie is named bishop of Saint-Malo. It will remain it until its death in 1767.
- Pauline de Mailly, sister of Louise, becomes the new mistress of Louis XV.
- Philibert Orry manages to balance the budget of the State in 1739 and 1740.
- Bourgeois of Boynes becomes adviser at the Parliament.
- French Forwarding in Corsica at the request of Genoa against the alleged king Theodore Ier, who is driven out (1740).
- February: The preacher methodist George Whitefield starts a campaign near the minors of the area of Bristol and obtains many conversions.
- a seminar will have to be established in all the dioceses in Russia.
Art & culture
See also: 1739 with the theater
- Voyage in Italy of the president of the Parliament of Dijon Charles of Brushes (1739-1740), which will leave its impressions in its familiar Lettres .
- March 1739: the first known description, in the Mercure de France, of the Parisian festival of the Ox Fatty. This one appears already traditional and will become gigantic extensive at the next century, becoming, de facto, the Festival of Paris within the framework of the Carnaval of Paris.
- the Anti-Machiavel , of Frederic II of Prussia.
- Treated on the human nature , of David Hume.
- Ode on the catch of Khotin , Mikhaïl Lomonossov.
- the French writer Saint-Simon writes his memories on the life of the court of Versailles (fine in 1749).
- the Fountain of the seasons (1739 - 1745, street of Grenelle, in Paris), sculpture of Edmé Bouchardon.
Science & technology
- Memory on the integral calculus first book of D' Alembert (22 years).
Economy & company
- October 17th: Charter of foundation of the Hospital of Child-Found the of London.
- Crisis of subsistence in Norway (1739 - 1742).
- Limitation of the price of cereals in Russia.
Births in 1739
- January 17th: Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber, Botanist, mycologist and German zoologist († 1810).
- January 26th: Charles François Dumouriez, General French († 1823).
- April 20th: William Bartram, American naturalist († 1823).
- September 15th: Juan de Villanueva, Spanish architect († August 22nd 1811).
- November 14th: William Hewson, surgeon, Anatomist and British Physiologist
Death in 1739
- September 3rd: George Lillo, British playwright (London, 1693 -1739).
- October 1st: Jose da Silva, Portuguese playwright, condemned to roughing-hew like judaïsant.
Be-X-old: 1739 Map-bms: 1739
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