This page relates to the year 1737 Gregorian Calendrier.
- the forces of the Moroccan pasha Ahmed Ben Séniber are crushed by the Touareg targui Oghmor in the east of Tombouctou. After his victory, the Tuareg chief withdraws himself in the desert, but its authority extends from now on on almost all old the Empire songhaï.
- 11 - October 12th: Earthquake of Calcutta in India. A violent one cyclone devastates Calcutta, the mouth of the Gange and the Brahmapoutra: 300 000 victims.
- October 17th: a consecutive Tsunami with the seism of the Kamchatka reaches 50 m height in the north of the islands Kouriles.
- Revolt of the peasants of the Tonkin and the north of the Annam.
- Beginning of the Persian occupation of the Afghanistan (fine in 1747).
- Creation of a Russian station with Astrakhan.
- February 13rd: François of Lorraine sign the instrument of transfer of the Duchy of Lorraine to Stanislas Leszczyński.
- February 20th, France: Disgrace of Chauvelin which prepared peace with the Austria. Fleury gets rid some because of its anti-Austrian brutality.
- February 22nd: Amelot becomes secretary of foreign affairs.
- Mars: German Ernst Johann von Biron (1690 - 1772), favorite of the Russian empress Anna Ivanovna is named duke of Courlande.
- June 30th, Russo-Turkish War: Catch of Ochakov by the Russia.
- July: Beginning of the austro-Turkish war (fine in 1739). The Austria enters in Valachie and the Othoman part of the Serbia. François-Etienne of Lorraine assisted of the general Seckendorf enters in Macedonia and seizes Niš during the summer. The Turks of Humbaraci Ahmed Pasha (Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French converted with Islam) react in Bosnia and release Niš.
- Convention of Versailles: France commits itself intervening in Corsica if Genoa makes the request of it.
- Victoire of imperial of Königsegg to Krnya and Mehadia in Transylvania.
- Reconquest of the Serbia by the Turks on the Austrians. Initially beaten, the Turks begin again themselves, helped by risings of the Bosnia against the Austrian invader (1737 - 1738) and recover Serbia.
- Fire of Saint-Pétersbourg.
- Prevention of the fires with Moscow.
Art & culture
See also: 1737 with the theater
- Ramsay adapts the Constitutions of Anderson (1721) to the French freemasonry while insisting on fraternity.
- Pharsamon or romantic Madnesses , parodic novel of Marivaux (written in 1713).
- Considerations on Europe , of Frederic II of Prussia.
- November 4th: Inauguration of the Teatro di San Carlo of Naples.
- October 24th: Beaver and Pollux , lyric Tragedy of Jean-Philippe Branch
Sciences & technology
- the mechanic Jacques de Vaucanson carries out a Automate: the player of flute.
- Discovered Cobalt by Georg Brandt.
- Voyage of Maupertuis and Centigrade Anders in Lapland with mission of the French Academy of sciences of measuring there the length of a Meridian degree of .
Economy & company
- has Naples, in front of the absenteeism of the clergy in the setting value of the grounds, an anonymous author proposes that the king ensures the daily newspaper of the clergy, and links the ecclesiastical inheritance with the goods of the crown to make some profit his people.
Births in 1737
- August 14th: Charles Hutton, British Mathematician .
- August 17th: Antoine Parmentier, agronomist, Nutrition nist and hygienist French
- September 30th: Morten Thrane Brunnich, zoologist and mineralogist Danish († 1827)
Death in 1737
- May 1st: Jean-Alphonse Turretini, Pasteur Genevese orthodoxe calvinist (1671-1737), professor of theology to the Academy of Geneva.
- June 4th: François Lemoyne, French painter (Paris, 1688-1737).
- July 8th: Jean Gaston de Médicis, the last of the Médicis.
- December 18th: Antonio Stradivari, main Italian violin maker
Be-X-old: 1737 Map-bms: 1737
|Random links:||John Diebold | Ear Taione | Pentti Eelis Eskola | Datnioididae | Jean-Marie Deschamps|