This page relates to the year 1733 Gregorian Calendrier.
- February 12th: The British James Edward Oglethorpe founds the penal settlement of Georgia in North America and the town of Savannah.
- 17 - May 28th: Sugar and Molasses Act : British Parliament prohibited to the American colonists the importation of Sugar not coming from territories under British control.
- Foundation of the Jewish community of Savannah.
- the Money Fleet is destroyed by a hurricane in the Atlantique.
- the Second forwarding of Vitus Bering (1733 - 1743). Statement of the Eastern coasts of the Siberia, the Kamtchatka, the Kouriles and the Aleutian Islands. Bering dies in Alaska.
- Constitution in Spain of the Company of the Filipino .
- : Died of the king of Poland and voter of Saxony Auguste II the Fort.
- June: Genoa grants to the Corsica people certain concessions guaranteed by the Emperor, but considered to be insufficient in the island. Hyacinthe Paoli takes the head of the Corsican insurrectionists in November.
- September 12th: Stanislas Leszczynski is re-elected king of Poland by the diet of Warsaw with the support of his/her son-in-law, Louis XV.
- September 22nd: The Russia invades the Poland. Stanislas Leszczynski must take refuge with Dantzig.
- September 26th: Treaty of free-Piedmontese Turin.
- September: France breaks with the Austria at the instigation of the minister Germain Louis Chauvelin.
- October 5th: Auguste III of Poland, wire of Auguste II is elected king of Poland with the support of the Russia and the Austria, which start the War of succession of Poland between the France, the Spain, the Sardinia and the Bavaria against the Russia, the Saxony and the Austria (fine in 1738).
- October 10th: Fleury makes sure of British and Dutch neutrality and declares the war in Austria. It sends a poor quota towards the Baltique to spring 1734.
- October: With the help of its military support against the Austria, Spain receives the insurance with the Traité of Madrid to recover on the emperor Naples and the Sicily.
- November 7th: Pact of family between the Bourbon S of France and Spain.
- François, duke of Lorraine, is the candidate chooses by the emperor Charles VI to marry Marie-Therese.
- In Poland, the dissidents religious, Protestant, orthodoxe, uniates (four million), Juifs (a million) is private of all their political rights.
- Crisis of the Excise in Great Britain: Robert Walpole must withdraw a project to raise the rights of excise (indirect taxes on the consumables current, wine, beer, tobacco, etc).
- November 17th: The tax of tenth is ressuscity to finance the war of Poland.
- Made out Judicium Francorum concerning the role of the Parliament in the legislative development.
- Edict on the venality of the municipal functions (mayors, aldermen, consuls). New the offices create thus by Philibert Orry prove to be unsaleable.
- Louise de Mailly becomes the main first of Louis XV.
- Russia: Measurements against Raskol: obligatory baptism for the children, forced labors for fact of proselytism.
Art & culture
See also: 1733 with the theater
- Letters Concerning the English Nation , praise of the English political practices of Voltaire.
- Year Essay one Man , of Alexander Pope.
- the art of the political lie, lampoon and treaty of policy (satirical) written in 1733 by John Arbuthnot, allotted to Jonathan Swift.
- January 27th: Orlando, opera of Georg Friedrich Haendel is created with the King' S Theater with London.
- August 28th: the main Maidservant ( Serva Padrona ), opera-puffs out Pergolèse, created with Naples.
- October 1st: Hippolyte and Aricie , lyric Tragedy of Branch, created with the royal Academy of music of Paris.
- Mass in so minor of Jean-Sebastien Bach.
- the Olympiad , melodrama of Pierre Metastasis.
- has Rake' S Progress ( the career of coiled ), series of fabrics of William Hogarth.
- Lady sealing a letter , fabric of Chardin.
Sciences & technology
- Charles Of Fay highlights the electricity positive and negative.
- the British John Kay invents weaving with flying shuttle and improves the speed of the weaving looms. The invention of the flying shuttle makes it possible to increase the width of fabrics and the speed of execution. Following this invention a rarefaction of wire occurs because one continues to slip by to the wheel. The tisserands are often unemployed for lack of raw material (cf 1768, 1779).
- In France, a commission of the Academy of Science is charged to calculate the Speed of sound.
- Cassini II undertakes the general cartography of the kingdom of France (Carte of Cassini).
- the lesson given by the Academy of Science of Russia is suspended (1733-1738).
- the Cast iron of Tsar Kolokol, largest bell of the world for the palate of the the Kremlin to Moscow.
Economy & company
- Called into question of the emancipation of the serfs to the Denmark by a system of national militia which attaches in fact the peasant to the seigneurial field, regulated in 1733 and 1742.
Births in 1733
- : Richard Kirwan, Irish geologist.
- Jean-Baptiste Grosson, notary and French historian of the 18th century. († December 20th 1800).
Death in 1733
- : Auguste II of Poland, king de Pologne (° May 12th 1670)
- May 1st: Nicolas Coustou, French sculptor (1658-1733).
- June 18th: Georg Böhm, Organist and German Harpsichordist
- July 4th: Jean-Baptiste Girard, Jesuit French. (° 1680).
- September 11th: François Couperin, type-setter, organist and harpsichordist.
Be-X-old: 1733 Map-bms: 1733
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