This page relates to the year 1723 Gregorian Calendrier.
The Middle East
- September 1st: Treaty of Saint-Pétersbourg: the Perse yields to the Russia the west coast (Daghestan) and South of the Caspienne, of Derbent to Astérabad (fine in 1732). The Turkey protests.
- the Porte seizes between 1723 and 1727 the Georgia, of the Kurdistan, the Loristan and the Azerbaïdjan to the detriment of the Perse.
- January 17th: Publication of the Constitutions of Anderson, regarded as one of the texts founders of the modern Freemasonry.
- March 31st April 1st, Lausanne: Failure of the rising of Abraham Davel against Bern. He is condemned and decapitated the April 24th.
- Failure of the attempts at Frederic Ier of Sweden to exert the absolute power. A new constitution gives the capacity to the Riksdag ( time of Freedom or aristocratic constitutionnalism ). From 1723 with 1727, the party Holstein ois, animated by Charles-Frederic de Holstein-Gottorp work for a bringing together with the Russia.
Colonization of the Banat. The government of the marshal von Mercy establishes between 1723 and 1726 from ten to twenty thousand colonists German, known as Souabe S, come from Germany of the South and embarked with Ulm to descend the the Danube. They receive a ground free from taxes during three years and introduce the culture of the Riz and the Soie. This first colonization will be ruined by the war of 1737 - 1739 against the Othoman .
- February 16th: Majority of the king Louis XV.
- December 2nd: With died of Philippe of Orleans, the duke of Bourbon control surface under the influence of the Brothers Paris and of his mistress Madam de Prye (fine in 1726).
- Louis Phélypeaux, count de Saint-Florentin (1705-1777), Secretary of State at the House of the king (fine in 1775). Armenonville (chancellor), Fleuriau de Morville (foreign affairs), Dodun (finances), Vrillière and Maurepas (marine), Secretaries of State.
- Revival of the Protestant assemblies.
- the relics of Alexandre Nevski are transported to Saint-Pétersbourg. He becomes one of the heroes of the imperial Russia.
Art & culture
See also: 1723 with the theater
- Foundation of the Pennsylvania Gazette .
- the rationalist philosopher Christian von Wolf is banished of Prussia for atheism and fatalism (fine in 1740).
- civil History of the kingdom of Naples of Pietro Giannone, which pokes the confrontation between the Church and the State with Naples.
- Rerum italicarum scriptores , 1723-1751, of Muratori.
- Pierre de Marivaux written Double Inconstancy .
- the League , epopee of Voltaire ( Henriade ).
- Jean-Sebastien Bach settles with Leipzig. Motets (1723-1734) and the Magnificat , of Bach.
- the Channel of the Beggars and the Place Saint-Marc , fabrics of Canaletto.
- Restauration of the sanctuary of the Bom Jesus C Assembles , with Braga (Portugal) in the style baroque (1723 - 1811).
Science & technology
- Opening of the Channel of Loing.
Economy & company
- Russia: End of the monopoly of the manufactures created by the State, which endeavors to lease them with private individuals in their offering advantageous conditions.
Births in 1723
- January 5th: Nicole-Queen Lepaute, astronomer and French mathematician († December 6th 1788)
- March 31st: Frederic V, king de Danemark and of Norway († January 13rd 1766, 42 years)
- April 30th: Mathurin Jacques Brisson, zoologist and physicist French († 1806)
- May 9th: Pehr Osbeck, Swedish naturalist († December 23rd 1805)
- June 5th: Adam Smith, economist and British philosopher
- June 13rd: Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, entomologist Italy N of Austrian origin († 1788)
- July 11th: Jean-François Marmontel, encyclopedist and academician French
- July 16th: Sir Joshua Reynolds painter British
- August 6th: Marcus Elieser Bloch, Doctor and German Naturalist († 1799)
Death in 1723
February 25th: Sir Christopher Wren, British architect .
- April 5th: Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Austrian architect baroque (1656 -1723).
- April 24th: Major Abraham Davel, soldier and patriot of Vaud is carried out by the Bernese ones, occupants of the Country of Vaud.
- May 11th: Jean Galbert de Campistron, dramatic author (Toulouse, 1656 -1723).
- August 10th: Guillaume Dubois.
- August 27th: Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch naturalist (Delft, 1632 - 1723), inventor of the Microscope which discovered the Protozoaire S, the Bactérie S and the Spermatozoïde S.
- December 2nd: Philippe of Orleans, Regent of France. Beginning of the personal government of Louis XV.
- Dimitrie Cantemir, Moldavian prince, passed to the service of the Russia and author of a “ Description of Moscovie ”. Friend and adviser of Pierre Large the, it helped it in its fight against the Turks (1673 - 1723).
Be-X-old: 1723 Map-bms: 1723 Simple: 1723 Zh-yue: 1723 年
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