This page relates to the year 1711 Gregorian Calendrier.
The United Kingdom
- Foundation of the Company of the South Seas which obtain the monopoly of the trade with the Spanish America (1710 - 1720).
- August 21st: Considered to be impregnable, Rio de Janeiro is taken by the French. They leave the city after the payment of a solid ransom.
- September 2nd: Failure of the British to the Quebec. A project of the British aiming at seizing the Canada makes failure when seven ships of the fleet of the admiral Hovenden Walker run on the northern coast of the gulf the St. Lawrence. To celebrate the event, a church of Quebec which one had called Our-Lady-of-the-Victoire in the honor of the resistance of Frontenac in 1690, receives a new name: Our-Lady-of-Victories.
- September 22nd: The Guerre of Tuscarora starts in North Carolina when the Indians massacre 130 British colonists in two hours with New Bern.
- October 14th: Beginning of the reign of Yostos, Négus of Ethiopia (fine in 1717). It seizes the throne to dead of Théophilos.
- Ahmad Pasha Karamanli becomes pasha of Tripoli and is made almost independent in Tripolitaine (fine in 1745).
- the Dey of Algiers Baba-Ali refuses to accommodate the pasha sent by the Othoman Sultan .
- 1870 Europeans and 1771 slaves live with the Cape.
- With the Tonkin, the demographic and tax pressure causes the abandonment of their grounds by the peasants. Those are usurped by large the mandarins. Trinh Cuong vainly takes measures to prevent the creation of latifundia.
- April 17th: Death of Joseph Ier, Germanic Roman Emperor, of the Variola. He had stipulated that the crown will return to his/her brother Charles to the detriment of his own daughters, but that those would recover their rights if Charles did not have male heirs.
April 29th: Peace of Szatmár negotiated between the Hungarian commander of the imperial army, János Pálffy, and the general of Rakóczi, Sandor Károlyi: the Hungarian insurrectionists, including Rakóczi, are amnestied on the condition of making act of tender in the three weeks. Their confiscated goods theirs will be returned. The religious liberty is reaffirmed and the constitutional guarantees of 1687 are renewed. The acquired country franknesses are safeguarded. The majority of insurgent will be subjected but Rakóczi will prefer the exile towards the Ottoman Empire, then France.
- After the expulsion of the Turks and the defeat of Rakóczi, the Hungary is bloodless. Many areas are emptied their inhabitants. Elsewhere, the population is sparse. The cities are impoverished, the subjects humiliated by the aristocracy, poor wretches and deprived of rights.
- Treated Iaroslav: Auguste II of Poland is committed supporting Russia against the Turks.
- Russia: Suppression of the Duma of the boyards and creation of a Senate of nine (then of twenty) members, charged to manage the go concern in the absence of the tsar who leaves for the countryside Prout.
- the Russian penetrate in Moldavie. Pierre Large the, combined with the hospodar of Moldavie Kantémir and to the prince Brancovan de Valachie, takes Iaşi with the Turks, passes the Prout to invade the Moldavie but is beaten, encircled by the top dog Baltadji. Kantémir must take refuge in Russia until its death in 1723.
- July 23rd: Signature of the Treated of Prout or Falciu between the Russia and the Ottoman Empire envisaging the restitution by Russia of Azov, Taganrog and the territories of the Crimea to the Othomans under the pressure of the France, the the United Kingdom and the United Provinces.
- September 16th: The Phanariotes reach the capacity in Moldavie; Nicolas Mavrocordato is indicated voïévode of Moldavie by the Othoman Sultan. From 1711 with 1800, twenty-five hospodars phanariotes coming from twenty-five families are indicated by the Door in Valachie and Moldavie.
October 12th: Beginning of the reign of Charles VI of Austria, elected Germanic Roman Emperor, king of Bohemia and Hungary (fine in 1740). The pseudo-king of Spain “Charles III” inherits the house of Austria and becomes shortly after emperor, threatening to reconstitute the empire of Charles Quint. This does nothing but accentuate the reversal of the British foreign politics.
Spain: Creation of the intendants, with the imitation of those of France, which hold of the king their capacities (justice, police force, finance).
- Auguste II of Poland besieges the Swedes with Stralsund (1711, 1714).
- Montenegro: The prince bishop Danilo Ier concluded an alliance with the Russia and Venice in order to push back the Turks.
- January - February: In Spain, “Charles III” loses little by little the Catalogne and the Aragon, areas where it had the most faithful.
- January 15th: The Gautier abbot is sent of London to Paris to make peace negotiations independently of the Dutchmen in the name of the new ministry British Tory.
- June 9th: Rene Duguay-Trouin leaves La Rochelle with its squadron. It takes Rio de Janeiro the September 21st and gains important spoils (1300 kg of gold).
- September 13rd: Catch of Bilge, between Valencian Cambric and by Marlborough
- October 8th: First talks of the preliminaries of peace between Combined and Bourbons with London. The France recognizes the royal succession in Protestant line for the the United Kingdom, the final cut between the crowns of France and of Spain, maintains it of a solid territorial barrier to the Netherlands of the south.
- December 2nd: The king of France entrusts to Jacques Cassard a squadron intended for the devastation of the colonies of the enemy.
- December 31st: The Duke of Marlborough, disgraced, is raised of its functions and is recalled to the the United Kingdom. It is replaced by the duke of Ormond.
- February 11th, the Rhone: believed of winter and floods.
- October 6th: France: A Earthquake touches the great West.
- Fénelon and the Duc of Chevreuse write Tables of Chaulnes or Plans of government , proposed with the duke of Burgundy. They form the project of a moderate monarchy.
- the king asks for to the pope Clément XI of stigmatize Pasquier Quesnel and by rebound Noailles, the archbishop of Paris which has just struck prohibition the confessors Jesuits in his diocese.
- the case chaired by the banker Legendre lends more than 400 million to the State of 1711 to 1714, that is to say several times the annual volume of the receipts obtained by the king with the purely tax title.
- the abbey of Port-Royal-of-Fields is shaven.
- the United Kingdom: Law on occasional conformity, punishing the nonconformist Protestants who would yield only seemingly with the official dogma and would practice in hiding-place their own rite. It then appears a cleavage between Anglicans of the “High Church” and in favor of a bringing together with Presbytériens (“Low Church”).
Art & culture
See also: 1711 with the theater
- March 1st: Publication of the first number of the London daily newspaper of opinion The Spectator literary journal and policy written by Adisson and Steele (until 1714).
- Rhadamiste and Zénobie , tragedy of Crébillon father.
- Alexander Pope publishes its Essai on criticism .
- the marionnettist Martin Powell opens with Covent Garden the Punch' S Theater.
- Architecture: Inauguration of the Cathedral Saint-Paul of London.
- Robert de Cotte draws the peristyle of the Grand Trianon of Versailles on the instructions of Louis XIV.
- archaeological Discovery of Herculanum.
Science & technology
- Jacob Christophe the Good invents the technique of the impression four colors.
- Machine with fire, first Steam engine usable is developed by the mechanics Thomas Newcomen (1663 - 1729) and Thomas Savery. The defect of their machine is the loss of energy caused by the cooling of the cylinder to obtain the return of the piston after the push of the vapor.
Economy & company
- 75 000 kg of pure gold arrive from Brazil at Portugal between 1711 and 1720.
Births in 1711
- April 26th: Jeanne Marie Leprince de Beaumont, writer Frenchwoman († 1780).
- April 26th: David Hume, British philosopher († 1776).
- May 18th: Rudjer Boskovic, scientist and Croatian philosopher of origin († 1787).
- November 19th: Mikhaïl Lomonossov, scientist and Russian poet († 1765).
Death in 1711
- March 13rd: Nicolas Boileau, poet and critical French (° 1636).
- April 14th: The Large Dolphin of France, single son legitimates of Louis XIV. His/her son the duke of Burgundy is surrounded of the group of the reformers.
Be-X-old: 1711 Map-bms: 1711 Simple: 1711 Zh-yue: 1711 年
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