This page relates to the year 1707 Gregorian Calendrier.
- the Dutchmen occupy without difficulty the area on a radius of 200 to 300 km around the Cape.
- 1623 Europeans and 1298 slaves live in the Cape.
- November 24th: The Mont Fuji enters in eruption to the Japan.
- the Compagnie Dutchwoman of the Eastern Indies introduces the culture of the Café to Java. The introduction of the coffee-tree worsens the condition of the peasants indonésiens.
- March 3rd: Died of Aurangzeb, the last Large Moghol of India. The Empire moghol, founded in 1526 by Bâbur, starts to decline.
- Aurangzeb dies by leaving the empty treasure. Bahâdur Shâh succeeds to him after having overcome and having killed his/her brother Azam, governor of the Gujerat (fine of reign in 1712). Under the council of its minister Zulfiqar Khan, it releases Shivaji II (Shahu), chhattrapati (king) of the Marathes. It thus creates a dynastic crisis and dissensions among the Marathes. But Shahu leaves there finally victorious, thanks to the councils of the Brahman.
- Bahâdur Shâh seeks to draw aside the clans turco-Iranian of the capacity and indicates with the high positions of the Indian Moslems.
- the kings marathes do not succeed in creating a true centralized State. The king concedes jagirs which form little by little new regional entities.
The Middle East
- January 1st: Jean V becomes king of the Portugal.
February 14th: The book published clandestinely of Vauban, Project of a royal dîme , claiming a single tax for all, is seized on order of the king. Disgrace of Vauban.
- the Scot gain economic advantages and policies which contribute to weld the two kingdoms. A delegation represents Scotland at the Parliament of London (45 deputies with the Communes and 16 Lords). Scotland preserves its justice and its Church presbytérienne. It obtains a particular tax system which takes into account a standard of living lower than in England. The country opens with English economic space and takes part in the trade of overseas.
- June 13rd: Parliament of Onod. Following the failure of the peace negotiations between Rakóczi and Joseph Ier, the chiefs of the Hungarian insurrection proclaim the forfeiture of the Habsbourg and the independence of the Hungary under the authority of François II Rákóczy.
- October 22nd: The fleet of the admiral of Cloudesley Shovell is failed the Scilly Isles. More than 2.000 men die.
- Charles XII of Sweden threat Moscow and seeks to cause the secession of the Ukraine while resting on the Cosaques.
- Pierre Large the wife secretly Catherine (Marthe-Helene Skavronskaïa, maidservant livonienne).
- Aquitanian Revolt of the Crunching in .
- March 7th: True operation British commando on the road between Paris and Versailles with the removal of the Béringhen Master of the Horse.
- March 13rd: Capitulation of Milan. 18 000 French soldiers are repatriated and used for other operations.
- April 25th: Victoire free - Spanish of Berwick on the troops britannico - Portuguese at the time of the Battle of Almanza. It prepares the reconquest of the kingdoms of Valence and Aragon by the duke of Orleans (taken of Lérida).
- May 12th: The French Claude de Forbin seizes a British convoy of 18 vessels on the way for the Portugal.
- May 22nd: Victoire free - Spanish of Villars on the troops of the Great Alliance at the time of the Battle of Stalhofen (Stollhofen). Villars force the allied lines and raises then contributions in Wurtemberg and Franconie.
- July 10th: With Barcelona, the British impose on “Charles III” a treaty granting many commercial privileges to them.
- June 29th: Philippe V of Spain abolishes the Fueros of Valence and Grenade.
- July: The Austrians conquer the kingdom of Naples (Capoue falls the July 2nd, Naples the July 8th).
- July 22nd - August 2nd: Attacks of Imperial on the port of Toulon. The attack is pushed back, but the French squadron is scuttled in the roads to block the channel.
- August 22nd: Victor-Amédée Ier of Savoy abruptly raises the head office of Toulon.
- September: Countryside of Claude de Forbin in the Baltic with the catch of many British vessels, Dutch, and Hamburger.
Art & culture
See also: 1707 with the theater
- Alain-Rene Lesage publishes the lame Devil , translation of a novel of Vélez de Guevara, and is also success with its Play rival Crispin of its Master .
- the Factum of France of Boisguillebert.
- Treated of the love of god of Malebranche .
- Atrée and Thyeste , tragedy of Crébillon father.
- Stravaganza , concerto of Vivaldi.
- Toccata and Fugue in minor D of Bach (1703-1707).
- Castle of Fields of Pierre Bullet.
Jacques-Louis Valon of Mimeure becomes member of the French Academy
Science & technology
Economy & company
- April 12th: The tickets of currency have course in all the extent of the kingdom of France.
- Généralisation of the gray uniform beads with all the imperial ones.
- the British trade will triple of 1707 with 1785, passing in value from 11 to 35 million pounds sterling.
- Publication of Dîme royal of Vauban.
Births in 1707
- February 25th: Carlo Goldoni, author of Italian theater († 1793)
- April 10th: John Pringle, Scottish Doctor .
- April 15th: Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician († 1783)
- April 22nd: Henry Fielding, writer English († 1754)
- May 23rd: Carl von Linné, naturalist Swedish († 1778)
- August 25th: Louis Ier, king d' Espagne. († August 31st 1724).
- September 7th: Count de Buffon, naturalist, mathematician, biologist, cosmologist and author French († 1788).
Death in 1707
- March 30th: Sebastien Prestre de Vauban, architect, engineer French (° 1633)
- May 3rd: Michel de Swaen, poet and Flemish playwright (° 1654)
- May 9th: Dietrich Buxtehude, organist and type-setter Danish (° 1637)
- May 27th: favorite Madam de Montespan, of Louis XIV with Bourbon-the Archambault (° 1640)
- December 24th: No5el Coypel, French painter (Paris, 1628 -1707).
- December 27th: Jean Mabillon (1632 -1707).
- Etienne Camus, cardinal, bishop of Grenoble.
Be-X-old: 1707 Map-bms: 1707 Simple: 1707 Zh-yue: 1707 年
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