This page relates to the year 1704 Gregorian Calendrier.
- February 28th: Opening to New York of a first school open to the black pupils. It is the French Elias Neau who initiates this foundation. It is burned like heretic in July 1706.
- February 29th: Free-Indian attacks on the English position of Deerfield (currently in the Massachusetts).
- the Delaware becomes “private” colony English.
- Political movement and religious with the Congo, organized by the priestess Kimpa Vita, converted with Christianity under the name of Beatrice.
- Husayn ibn 'Ali, Agha of the militia, seizes the power in Tunisia where it is made almost independent. It will found in 1705 the second dynasty of bey which will reign until in 1957.
- the emperor Moghol Aurangzeb makes remove the Jiziya .
- Multiplication of country risings against the tax with the Japan. Repressed hard, these movements worsen during the 18th century until becoming endemic.
The Middle EastEvents in the course of dating
- Beginning of the line Iraq ienne of the pashas Mamelukes (until 1831).
- hot Years (1704 - 1710).
- April 14th: Died of Roland.
- Tactical of appeasing of Villars in the the Cevennes. He manages an agreement with the Camisards of Jean Cavalier. Roland tries to resist, but the country aspires to peace.
- May 12th: Armistice of the bridge of Avène, rendering of the Protestant , end of the War of Camisards.
- July 8th: François II Rákóczi is proclaimed sovereign prince of Transylvania by the diet of Gyulafehérvár (Alba Iulia) (fine of reign in 1735). The majority of noble of Hungary join with him. Supported by France, it organizes a provisional government and holds head in Austria until in 1708. The defeat of France with Blenheim makes him lose hope of the help of foreign troops.
- July 12th: Sweden imposes Stanislas Leszczyński (Stanislas Ier of Poland) on the throne of Poland (fine in 1709 then 1733 - 1736).
- Auguste II of Poland is détrôné by Charles XII of Sweden to the profit of the palatine prince of Posnanie Stanislas Leszczyński, which is elected with Warsaw by eight hundred noble framed by the Swedish soldiers, thanks to the ambassador of Sweden the count Arvid Bernhard de Horn. Stanislas indicates a government and authorizes two foreign armies - Swedish and other Russian to be operated in Poland.
- August, Second War of North: After a fatal attack, Pierre Large the of Russia takes again Narva with the Sweden.
- 7 - March 9th: The archduke Charles arrives at Lisbon on an English ship and affirms king of Spain. The king Pierre II of Portugal declares the war with Philippe V of Spain.
- July 2nd: Victoire of Marlborough on theBavarian ones with the Battle of Schellenberg
- In Italy, success of Feuillade and Vendôme. Catches of Suse (July 12th), of Pignerol and Verceil (July 20th) by the French.
- July 24th: Unloading of allied forces English and Dutch with Gibraltar led by the admiral Byng and the prince of Hesse.
- August 4th: Under the command of English George Rooke, the allies English and Dutch seize the strategic point of Gibraltar after ten days of engagements.
- August 13rd: Victoire discussed of Marlborough, come from the Netherlands, the prince d' Anhalt-Dessau and the Prince Eugene with the Battle of Blenheim or Höchstadt in Bavaria on the Free-Bavarian Tallard and Marsin at the time of the War of succession of Spain.
- August 17th: Maximilien-Emmanuel leaves the regency of the occupied Bavaria to his wife and is withdrawn with Brussels.
- August 22nd: The French are rejected the Danube on the the Rhine. Bavaria is put at bag.
- August 24th: naval Battle of Calve-Malaga. French attempt to take again foot in Gibraltar with the sending of a naval force of 50 boats and 24 275 men. Vis-a-vis this fleet ordered by the Admiral of France count de Toulouse, George Rooke has 53 vessels and 22 543 men who manage to push back the French attack.
- October: The Camisards of Jean Cavalier deposit the weapons after the intervention of Villars.
- November 7th: The English manage to break for the first time the seat imposed by the French and the Spaniards to Gibraltar.
- July 26th: Jeanne Delanoue founds the maidservants of the poor.
- Quarrel of the Rites: The pope Clément XI condemns the “Chinese rites” (adoption by the missionaries Jesuits of certain elements clean to the worship of Confucius and the ancestors for better supporting the diffusion of Christianity in China.
Art & culture
See also: 1704 with the theater
- April 24th: First publication of the Boston News-Letter .
- May 6th: Iphigénie in Tauride , opera ballet of Henry Desmarest represented with the royal Academy of music.
- Publication of The Review , newspaper animated by Daniel Defoe (fine in 1732).
- New Tests on the human understanding of the philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.
- Antoine Galland translates the '' Thousand and One Nights '' into French (1704-1717).
- '' Universal Dictionnaire '' of Trévoux.
- Dialog of Mr. baron of Hontan and a savage of America (Myth of the good savage).
- In France, stop of the private council which orders to the booksellers, printers and to engravers to give to the syndic eight specimens of each book, breaks into leaf and stamps, two will have to be given to the Library of the king.
- Portrait of the duke of Burgundy , fabric of Hyacinthe Stone.
- Hercules with roughing-hew , sculpture of Guillaume Coustou.
Science & technology
- Isaac Newton publishes his Traité of optics on the reflections, refractions, inflections and the colors .
Economy & company
- the French State owes 20 million books to the banker Samuel Bernard.
- banking Crisis in Scotland.
- In Transylvania, François Rákóczy tries to organize a State Kurutz which does not take taxes on the peasants and saw incomes of the fields confiscated with the imperial ones; he sets up an industry of war by creating many manufactures and practical a policy mercantilist animated by the installation of an Economic council.
- Centralization of the administration of the farms of State in Russia, whose incomes pass from 299 000 with 569 000 roubles.
- Prohibition to kill the children badly formed or born except marriage in Russia.
Births in 1704
- February 12th: Charles Pinot Duclos, writer and historian French. († March 26th 1772).
- July 31st: Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician († 1752)
- September 3rd: Joseph de Jussieu, botanist French († 1779)
- September 5th: Maurice Quentin de Latour, painter French († 1788)
Death in 1704
- February 2nd: Guillaume François Antoine, marquis of the Hospital, French mathematician.
- February 23rd: Georg Muffat, Austrian musician (° 1653).
- February 24th: Marc-Antoine Charpentier, musician French (° ~ 1643).
- April 12th: Jacques Benign Bossuet, writer and man of the church French (° 1627)
- May 3rd: Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber, German musician (° 1644).
- May 13rd: Louis Bourdaloue.
- October 28th: John Locke, philosopher English (° 1632).
- November 20th: Charles Plumier, botanist and traveller French (° 1646).
- Lemoyne de Maricourt, exploring French of the Canada.
- Jean Denys, French biologist.
Be-X-old: 1704 Map-bms: 1704 Simple: 1704 Zh-yue: 1704 年
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