This page relates to the year 1703 Gregorian Calendrier.
- May 27th: Philippe de Rigaud of Vaudreuil becomes general governor of News-France (provisional until the September 16th 1705, end in 1725).
- Beginning of the third voyage of the English explorer William Dampier in the southern Pacific (fine in 1707).
- February 4th: Collective suicide of 47 rōnin Japan board.
- December 30th: A Earthquake made 30 000 victims with Tōkyō with the Japan.
- Exchange of embassies between the Manchu empire and the khanat oïrat. The khan of Dzoungarie Tchewang Rabden refuses the proposal of the emperor Kangxi who asks him to be voluntarily subjected to the Manchu domination.
- the Congregation of the propagation of the faith invested the Capuchins of the mission of évangéliser the Tibet.
- India: The Marathes devastate the Berar.
The Middle East
- August 21st: the Turkish army deposits the sultan Mustafa II. It is poisoned by the Janissaire S the December 31st.
- December 30th: Beginning of the Othoman sultanate of Ahmet III (1673 - 1736), known as the sultan of the “Tulips” (fine in 1730).
- January 12th: Victoire of the Camisards which miss taking Nimes. The marshal of Montrevel is sent to choke the revolt.
- February 2nd: earthquake with Aquila, in Italy.
- April 1st: Massacre of the mill of Agau to Nimes.
- April 21st /1er May: Battle of Pułtusk during the Second War of North. The Swedes beat the Russians. Sit and taken Thorn ( April - September).
- May 16th/May 27th: Foundation of Saint-Pétersbourg by the Tsar of Russia Pierre Ier “Large” the after the catch of Nieuschantz on the Neva. The Russians control all Neva.
- November 26th: the port of Bristol is particularly touched by the storm. Royal Navy loses 15 ships.
- November: Ferenc II Rakóczi (1676 - 1735), the richest owner of Hungary, benefitting from the engagement of the Austria in the war of succession of Spain, gathers 30 000 Hungarian, Slovak and Wallachian peasants and encourages a rising against the Habsbourg, with subsidies of the France (fine in 1711).
December 7th: Royal Navy loses 13 ships because of storm.
- Act off Security , voted by the Parliament of Edinburgh. It opens the possibility with the son of Jacques II of England, Jacques-Edouard Stuart, to inherit the Scottish crown.
December 27th: Traité of Methuen, commercial treaty enters the Portugal and the England. Agreements concluded with Lisbon between the former British ambassador John Methuen, rich negotiating in textile, and two of the richest Portuguese owners of vineyards, the marquis d' Alagrete and the duke of Cadaval, ratified the following year by their government respective. The English fabrics will be able to penetrate with the Portugal without restriction. The Portuguese wines obtain a reduction of the customs duties of the third compared to French competition.
- Construction by Russian of the fort of Orianenbourg, in the government of Kazan.
- March 9th: Villars takes Kehl but does not succeed in boring the lines of Stollhofen, defended by the prince of Bade.
- May 2nd/May 16th: The king Pierre II of Portugal joint with the coalition anti-Frenchwoman (Great Alliance) in exchange of seven cities to be recovered on the Spain.
- May 15th: Catch of Bonn by the duke of Marlborough.
- May 22nd: Combat of the course of Castling. With broad of Lisbon (Portugal), the Coëtlogon French attacks a convoy of 100 Dutch boats charged with salt.
- June 30th: French Victoire of Boufflers and Villeroy in Ekeren, close to Antwerp on the Netherlands.
- June 26th: Maximilien II Emmanuel of Bavaria invades the the Tyrol and takes Innsbruck. It must make retirement following an insurrection the July 26th.
- August 9th: Off Scotland, the French the Alfalfa tackles the English escort protecting a group from Dutch fishing.
- September 12th: Payment of the Austrian succession in preparation for the conquest of the Spanish heritage. The archduke Charles is made crown king of Spain to Vienna under the name of Charles III (end in 1713).
- September 12th: The English army unloads with the Portugal in order to reinforce its defense vis-a-vis the French and with the Spaniards.
- September 20th: Victoire of Villars and Maximilien II Emmanuel of Bavaria on the imperial ones of the count de Limbourg-Stirum to the battle of Höchstädt in Bavaria (or of Scheveningen).
- October 26th: French victory with the Battle of Vendôme.
- November: The Savoy join the Grande Alliance.
- November 4th: signature of a convention on the Prisoner of war between the France and the United Provinces: Chaplains, doctors, drums, trumpets and all the civilians must be released.
- November 15th: Victoire of Tallard on the prince of Hesse-Cassel on the Speyerbach. It seizes Landau the November 16th.
- Eugene of Savoy becomes president of the council of the war of the empire.
Economy & company
- Bad harvest in Europe related to the climate.
Gundaker de Starhemberg becomes president of the room of the accounts with Vienna.
- the French Army counts close to 400 000 men (450 000 with the naval forces).
- Exploitation of the fabulous gold layers of Minas Gerais to the Brazil. 4,3 tons of gold of Brazil arrive at Lisbon.
Extension of the vineyard of the Douro following the Treated of Methuen.
Events in the course of dating
- Vauban team the French Army of rifles with flints equipped with a bayonet.
Chronologies sets of themesArts & culture
See also: 1703 with the theater
- Daniel Defoe defends the nonconformists with fastest Moyen to finish some with the dissidents ( The Shortest Way with the Dissenters ). The House of Commons the judge with Old Bailey, condemns it to three exposures to the pilori and the imprisonment to Newgate.
- First Russian newspaper with Moscow: Vedomosti ( the news ).
New Voyages , Baron de Lahontan.
- the Carnival and the Madness , opera of Andre Cardinal Destouches.
- Griselda , opera of Albinoni.
- the Muses , opera ballet of Andre Campra.
- Almira , first opera of Haendel to Hamburg.
- Jean-Sebastien Bach, at the eighteen years age, is engaged to occupy the vacant organ of Arnstadt where it composes his first cantata (1704).
- Buckingham Palace is rebuilt by the duke of Buckingham with London.
- the architect Bullet de Chamblain supervises the construction of the Château of Fields, in the east of Paris.
- Opuscula posthuma , of Christiaan Huygens.
Births in 1703
- June 23rd: Marie Leszczyńska, princess of Poland and queen of France († June 24th 1768)
- September 29th: François Butcher, painter and engraver French († 1770).
- November 25th: Jean-François Séguier, Botanist French. († September 1st 1784).
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
Death in 1703
- March 3rd: Robert Hooke, scientific English (° 1635).
- March 20th: Johan Kunckel, chemist (1638 -1703), who discovered in 1669 a method of preparation of the Phosphore.
- May 3rd: Bankruptcy and died with Vienna of the Jewish banker Samuel Oppenheimer.
- May 16th: Charles Perrault, French writer (° 1628).
- May 26th: Samuel Pepys, author of famous “Memories” in which it makes the detailed description of the daily life in Great Britain under the reign of Charles II.
- June 14th: Jean Herault of Gourville which played a big role in the intrigues of the Regency and the reign of Louis XIV.
- September 29th: Charles de Marguetel of Saint-Denis, lord of Saint-Évremond, moralist and critical, in London (1614 -1703).
- November 19th: the iron mask, captive French, with the Bastille.
- October 28th: John Wallis, English mathematician.
- December 29th: Mustafa II, Othoman sultan.
Be-X-old: 1703 Map-bms: 1703 Simple: 1703 Zh-yue: 1703 年
|Random links:||Zaouche palate | Atom Smasher | Juraj Čobej | Doctrines of the Witnesses of Jéhovah | Effect (music)|