This page relates to the year 1700 Gregorian Calendrier.
- February 27th: The English navigator William Dampier discovers the island of New Britain, in the south-west of the Pacifique.
- January 26th: the earthquake of Cascadia magnitude 9 causing a powerful tsunami strike to it western coast-north of the the United States and the coasts of Japan
- April 12th: Abandonment of the Scottish colony of Darién.
- Creation of the Mission San Xavier LED Vat. First Spanish establishment in Arizona, beside the current site of the town of Tucson.
- March 12th: In India, Satara capitulates in front of the Moghols with died of Rajaram, king of the Marathes. Its widow Tared-Bai takes the head of the guerilla as regent of her son Shivaji III.
- the khan of Dzoungarie Tchewang Rabden manages to control feudal anarchy. It sends to Moscow an ambassador with a peace proposal, and as of 1703 the attacks of the Russian territories by the Oïrats are practically suspended. This improvement supports the relations with the Kalmouks of the the Volga, nearest relatives to Oïrats de Dzoungarie.
- French Embassy of Jean Balk of Canserilles at the Persian court safavide of .
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- the English Compagnie of the Eastern Indies establishes a base with Borneo.
- February 12th:
- Beginning of the Second War of North (fine in 1721) against Charles XII of Sweden started by the coalition of the Poland, the Denmark and the Russia.
- Charles XII constitutes a council of regency in Sweden.
- Mars: the Poles go on Rīga, the Danes towards the Holstein and the Slesvig (seat of Toenningen), the Russians, invade the Ingrie in order to reach the Baltique (seat of Narva).
April 18th, Hungary: Arrest of Ferenc Rakóczi. After having initially refused, Ferenc Rakóczi joins the insurrectionary projects of Miklós Bercsényi which will become his/her friend nearest and to the general of its armies. It counts on the assistance of Louis XIV, but its correspondence is intercepted in Vienna and Rakóczi put in prison. He escapes, goes to Poland then turns over to High-Hungary to lead the insurrection in 1703.
- August 18th: Frederic IV of Denmark, combined Russia against Charles XII of Sweden, quickly beaten by Charles XII, must sign the Paix of Travendhal.
- November 16th: Treaty of the crown between Frederic III of Brandebourg and the emperor.
- November 20th: Victoire of Charles XII of Sweden on the Russians with Narva, in spite of their numerical superiority.
- November 23rd: Beginning of the Pontificate of Clement XI (fine in 1721).
- January 4th: Prohibition of the traditional costume.
- July: Peace of Constantinople concluded for thirty years between the Russia and the Ottoman Empire, which recognizes the loss of Azov and the Kouban.
- Creation of a Government council sitting at the chancellery. He replaces the Duma of the boyards.
- Died of the patriarch of Moscow Adrien. Pierre leaves the vacant seat and organizes a provisional administration of the ecclesiastical businesses.
- a community of Old Believers settles close to Olonets.
- the lords lose their taxation of the markets with the profit of the State.
- Mars: Treaty of division of the succession of Spain between the France and the England with London (March 13rd) and between France and the United Provinces with $the Hague (March 25th).
- March 25th: New division of the Spanish empire concluded between the Austria and the France.
- October 2nd: The king d' Espagne Charles II (39 years), feeling decreased, writes on the authorities of its minister Portocarrero, a will allotting the Spain to the duke of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV.
- November 1st: Died of Charles II of Spain, last king d' Espagne of the house of Habsbourg, which will involve the War of succession of Spain.
- November 16th: After being itself put the question of the war in Europe, Louis XIV accepts the will of Charles II of Spain; its grandson, the duke of Anjou, succeeds the last king d' Espagne of the house of Habsbourg and becomes Philippe V, first king Bourbon of Spain (fine of the reign in 1746). He is subject to the influence of Louis XIV and is surrounded French ministers like Amelot and Jean Orry. He increases centralization.
- December 4th: Philippe V leaves Versailles for Madrid.
- January 22nd: The archbishop of Paris Noailles, sympathizing Jansenist, is named cardinal.
- February: The procedures, notarial acts and all public acts in Roussillon will be written in French under penalty of nullity.
- June 29th: Establishment of a general advice the commercial.
- September 17th: Marie-Louise Gabrielle of Savoy, niece of Louis XIV, on the way for the Spain, where it must marry Philippe V, grandson of the Sun king, stops one day with Sospel, close to Nice.
Art & culture
See also: 1700 with the theater
- Mongolia: “ the History of the dynasty Yuan ”, of Rachipountsog, study criticizes events, classified by order of importance.
- Aufklärung (1700 - 1780): philosophical movement represented by Thomasius and Wolf which is spread in the German middle-class via reviews and of companies ( Amis of the Truth or Alethophiles joined together by the count Christophe Manteuffel with Berlin).
- 17 permanent theaters with Venice, of which 7 are dedicated to the opera.
- Publication of the Memories of Mr. D' Artagnan per G. of Sandras (apocryphal books).
- the Middle-class man of quality of Dancourt.
- Translation in French of works of John Locke.
- Dialogs of dead composed for education of a prince , of Fénelon, written between 1692 and 1695 for its pupil, the duke of Burgundy.
- Veterum scriptorum and monumentorum of Dom Martène.
- November 19th: innauguration of the theater of the Currency with Brussels with Atys .
- François Couperin becomes type-setter of the Room and organist of the Vault.
- AD majorem Dei gloriam , mass with four votes of Andre Campra.
- Johann Christoph Denner invents the Clarinette.
- Bartolomeo Cristofori invents the Piano-forte (or 1698).
- the painter Japanese Torii Kiyonobu I publishes its two books of engravings on the actors and the courtesans.
- fame and Mercury carved by Antoine Coysevox.
- Allotment of the Street of the Vat to Paris (1700 - 1725).
Science & technology
- Foundation on plans of Leibniz of the Company of sciences of Berlin. Construction of the Observatory of Berlin.
Economy & company
- the waste lands occupy in Brandebourg nearly 30% of the fields.
- the properties of the Swedish nobility extend on 30% from the grounds (70% in 1650). The Swedish crown, which had 30% of the grounds, alienates part of this field so that the country free property can develop.
- Culture of corn in Hungary.
- Barbados produced 10 000 tons of Sugar, the Jamaica 5 000, for 22 000 tons on the whole in the the English Antilles.
- the Livre tournaments falls to the value 4,702 grams from fine money.
- France has 2500 tons of money equivalent of noble metal stocks of which 40% are recycled annually in the budget of the State.
- the French commercial fleet is evaluated with 150 000 barrels, including 550 ships of more than 100 barrels, suited to the transatlantic traffic.
- the budget of the State is of 7% of the rough national product. England has 1100 tons of money equivalent of noble metal stocks.
- the merchant fleet passes to 640 000 tons. The annual production of iron is of 20 000 tons. The production of cereals is of 45 million hl.
- the movement of the Enclosure S touches a quarter of the English grounds.
Births in 1700
- February 8th: Daniel Bernoulli, mathematician Dutch († 1782)
- March 3rd: Charles-Joseph Natoire, French painter († 1777)
- May 12th: Luigi Vanvitelli, architect baroque Italy N. († March 1st 1773).
- July 20th: Henri Louis Duhamel of the Heap, politician and a scientist French († 1782)
- October 10th: Lambert Sigisbert Adam, sculptor French († 1759)
- November 19th: Jean Antoine Nollet, physicist French († 1770)
- November 28th: Nathaniel Bliss, British Astronomer .
Death in 1700
- January 12th: Marguerite Middle-class man, founder of Congréation Notre-Dame.
- May 12th: John Dryden, poet, dramatic author and critical English (1631 -1700).
- September 15th: Andre Ours, main French gardener.
- October 26th: Mr. de Rancé, reformer of the Trap door
- November 1st: Charles II of Spain, last king d' Espagne of the house of Habsbourg.
Be-X-old: 1700 Map-bms: 1700 Simple: 1700 Zh-yue: 1700 年
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