This page relates to the year 1695 Gregorian Calendrier.
- Failure of the attempt of the Scottish Company of Darien to install a colony in Central America. Guillaume III of Orange is concerned not to alienate the Spain in its fight against Louis XIV.
- Beginning of the reign of Osei Doggie, asantehene (king) of the confederation Ashanti (fine in 1717).
- With died of the king of the Boutoua, Dombo, new the Monomotapa, Mhandé Pedro, obtains a deferment. It gives up its capital for the area of Tété.
- Before the end of the century, the successor of the Changamiré Dombo takes again the offensive and imposes a tribute on the monomotapa. The dynasty of Changamiré reigns on the area until in 1830.
- the khan of Dzoungarie Galdan invades again the country Khalkha.
The Middle East
- Maximum history of the Scandinavian glaciers (1695 - 1720).
- February 20th: resumption of Tap-holes by the Othoman , after six months of Venetian occupation.
- June - September: Military success of Guillaume III of Orange thanks to English subsidies.
- June 25th: Sit of Casal by the allies of the Ligue of Augsburg.
- June 27th - September 25th: Pierre Large the fails in its attempt to take Azov with the Turks.
- July 2nd - September 5th: Seat and catch of Namur by William of Orange and Coehoorn.
- August 13rd - August 15th: Pretexting an action of reprisals following the English bombardments on the French coasts, the marshal of Villeroy bombards and sets fire to Brussels for the account of Louis XIV, shaving the Grand-Place and most of the city, in an attempt to distract the allied troops which besiege Namur.
- September 18th: The marquis of Creams, after secret agreement with the duke of Savoy returns Casal after demolition of his fortifications. The place is restored with the duke of Mantoue.
Agreement between the Savoy and France, prepared by the French marshal Tessé and Savoyard Gropello. France accepts the dismantling or the restitution of Casal and Pignerol. The royal honors will be returned to the Savoyard ambassadors with Versailles once the restored diplomatic relations. Weddings are envisaged between Marie-Adelaide, girl of the duke of Savoy and the duke of Burgundy, grandson of Louis XIV.
- Frozen of olive-trees in Provence.
- January 18th: Royal declaration establishing the Capitation, new tax on the household heads set up by the general inspector Pontchartrain, based on the social status. It is used to finance the war. The Parliament records it the January 21st.
- February 4th: Fénelon is named by the king archbishop of Cambrai. He denounces the Sous-alimentation, the abandonment of the grounds, the depopulation of the cities and the campaigns, unemployment, the reduction in the trade and the uselessness of the wars. He sees gathering around him an opposition party with the center even of the Court.
- April: Payment of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction; the capacity of the bishops is reinforced, the schoolmasters will have to be approved by the priests and inspected by the bishops with regard to religious teaching.
- August 19th: Louis Antoine de Noailles, protected from Madam de Maintenon, is named archbishop of Paris. It will disappoint it by its sympathies Jansenists.
- July 10th: Bossuet sacring Fénelon archbishop of Cambric.
- December 27th: Arrest of Mrs Guyon for Quiétisme.
- Congregation of the State of regular, created by Innocent XII.
Art & culture
- Abolition of the Censure of the publications in Great Britain.
- Talks on death, of Malebranche.
- Excellence of architecture of Andrade.
Pierre Bayle publishes the historical and critical Dictionnaire .
- The Reasonableness off Christianity ( reasonable Christianity ), of John Locke.
See also: 1695 with the theater
The Indian Queen ( the Queen of the Indies ), semi-opera of Purcell.
Science & technology
- Collection of various parts touching some machines , of Denis Papin.
- new System of nature , Leibniz.
Economy & company
- January 18th: Capitation in France.
- July 17th: Foundation of the royal Bank of Scotland.
- December 31st: Tax on the doors and windows in England.
- the Heavy one of Boisguilbert|Boisguilbert] publishes its “ Détail of France ”, which precedes the theories of the Physiocrates and the designs of the traditional École of economy.
- First devaluation with the Japan.
- Portugal: Decree envisaging the capital punishment with whoever would reveal the processes of production of the salt (Sétubal and Aveiro).
- the States of the Habsbourg include/understand 8 million inhabitants.
Births in 1695
- September 20th: Claude of Saint-Simon, religious French, 80e abbot of Jumièges.
Death in 1695
- January 4th: François-Henri of Montmorency-Luxembourg. The marshal of Villeroy succeeds to him.
- April 13rd: Jean of the Fountain, poet and fabulist French.
- May 30th: Pierre Mignard.
- June 11th: Andre Félibien.
- July 8th: Christiaan Huygens, scientist Dutch.
- August 16th: Christopher Merrett, Doctor and British Naturalist (° 1614).
- November 16th: Pierre Nicole, writer Jansenist (Chartres, 1625 - Paris, 1695)
- November 20th: Zumbi Back Prize list, Brazilian insurgent slave.
- November 21st: Henry Purcell, type-setter English.
- April 3rd: Easter Sunday
Be-X-old: 1695 Map-bms: 1695 Simple: 1695
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