This page relates to the year 1689 Gregorian Calendrier.
May 31st: Revolt Jacob Leister which directs a rising of farmers against the land aristocracy to New York. Leister is hung the May 16th 1691 and the attribution of gigantic fields to the barons continues.
- August 5th: Massacre of Lachine: massacre of 97 Canadian by the Iroquois with Lachine.
- August 12th: Return of Louis Buade de Frontenac, general governor of the News-France, with Quebec.
- First intercolonial war in News-France, or Wars franco-iroquoises within the framework of War of the League of Augsburg. It finishes in 1697 with the Traité of Ryswick.
- the French fleet attacks the Surinam.
- Population of the News-France: 15 000.
- Population of the New England: 200 000.
Asia & Indian world
- : Aurangzeb makes occupy Raigarh and capture the king Marathe Shambuji (wire of Shivaji).
- March 11th: Aurangzeb makes carry out the Shambuji and its family. Only his/her young Rajaram brother manages to take refuge in Genji, close to Pondichéry. The Marathes continue the guerilla.
- September 6th: Treaty of Nertchinsk. The Chinese emperor Kangxi (K' ang-hsi) establishes diplomatic relations with the Russia. The two countries fix their border at the Traité of Nertchinsk, stopping the Russian advance in the Far East. Russia gives up its claims on the basin of the Amour in extreme cases south-eastern of the Siberia.
The Middle East
- October 25th: Fazil Mustafa Pasha Köprülü (Köprülü III, 1637-1691), second wire of Mehmet Köprülü is named top dog of the Ottoman Empire.
- January, then May - June: Devastation of the cities of the Palatinat on order of Louvois during the retirement of the French troops.
- January: Marriage of Pierre Large the with Eudoxie Lapoukhine.
- January 16th: France declares the war with the Spain.
- March 2nd: The general of Mélac fire the castle and the town of Heidelberg.
- March 8th: Destruction of the town of Mannheim.
- May 12th: Alliance enters the United Provinces and the emperor Léopold Ier.
- May 17th: Guillaume III of Orange declares the war with the France following a naval incident. In December, “Great Alliance” against France gathers the Empire, the Holland, the Spain, the Savoy and the England.
- May 31st: Destruction of Worms and Whorl by the French.
- May: The France invades the Catalogne until Gérone.
- August 26th: Last nine thousand barbet spaniels (Of Vaud) exiled in Suisse cross the Léman and join their Piedmontese valleys by the force.
- August 28th: Charles II of Spain wife Marie-Anne de Palatinat Neubourg, sister of the empress.
- September 2nd: Beginning of the reign of the tsar Pierre Large the (fine in 1725).
- Pierre the Large one reverses his sister Sophie who projected a takeover by force to keep the capacity. It makes it lock up in with the Couvent of Novodievitchi (September 2nd), thanks to the battalions of the “entertainers”, first modern Russian army. Vassili Galitzine is exiled in Kargopol, in the government of Arkhangelsk. Ivan V is isolated capacity. Natalia Narychkina, mother of Pierre the Large one, exerts regency with the assistance of the Joachim patriarch while Pierre, old 17 years and wanting to complete his “years of training”, travels in Europe (fine in 1694).
- September 11th: Catch of Mainz by the Imperial ones of Charles V of Lorraine.
- October 6th: Beginning of the Pontificate of Alexandre VIII (fine in 1691). It tries without success to relax the relations of the Vatican with France.
- October 12th: Catch of Bonn by the Imperial ones of Charles V of Lorraine.
- In the Balkans, the Imperial ones reach Nis and Skopje, occupy the Serbia, part of the Macedonia and Albania with the Othoman detriment of the .
- Emigration of catholics come from the south of the Germany in Hungary and in the Carpates with the call of the emperor.
- the war against the Turks in Hungary involves a strong increase in the contributions. The recovery of the grounds by the nobility encounters a complicated procedure. Preserved by the royal tax department, they are sold to aristocrats Viennese like the Prince Eugene, the Starhemberg or with suppliers of war. In addition a policy of plunder, which under pretext of complicity with Imre Thököly, seizes the Hungarian noble fields.
- April 15th: publication of the ordinance for the naval armies.
- July, War of the camisards: François Vivent returns in Languedoc with others prédicants which had been exiled with him and with the new ones like Claude Brousson.
- August: Paul de Beauvilliers becomes governor of the duke of Burgundy. Fénelon assists it like tutor.
- September, War of the camisards: Illegal assemblies of the Protestants in the South-east of the Massif Central. They are repressed by the royal army.
- September 10th: France lost the Place of Mainz
- September 20th: Louis Phélypeaux de Pontchartrain becomes General inspector of finances.
- October 4th: Seignelay enters to the Conseil of in top.
- October 25th: Devaluation of the Book tournaments.
- Creation of the Intendance of Brittany.
- climatic Cooling in 1689 - 1698.
- January 11th: The Parliament of London, joins together in assembly with constituting capacity ( Convention ), declares the throne vacant and the offer with Marie and William of Orange provided that they swear to respect the Déclaration of the rights, adopted in February. The Bill specifies the rights of the person (reaffirmation of the Habeas Corpus ). The censure is abolished. The petition and right to meets are marked.
- February 13rd: “ Bill off Rights ” (or Declaration of the rights) granted by William of Orange on his British subjects. Foundation of British parliamentary monarchy.
- February: The Scottish Parliament writes a Proclamation of the Right and the Articles of Complaints, which recognize William of Orange as king d' Écosse in exchange, amongst other things, of the abolition of the episcopate.
- Beginning of Irish rising in favor of the king driven out Jacques II supported by France against the England (fine in 1691).
- March 22nd: The troops of Louis XIV unload in Ireland to support the king Jacques II of England.
- Mars - April: Jacques II is in Ireland with dimensions of Richard Talbot, count de Tyrconnel. He convenes a Parliament with Dublin which abolishes off the Act Settlement and returns the grounds taken to the catholics in 1641 (May).
- April 11th: Crowning of Guillaume III and Marie II, king and queen of England (fine of reign in 1702).
- April 29th: Treaty of Whitehall enters the England and the United Provinces.
- April: Derry refuses to open its doors with Jacques II, beginning of the seat of the city, which lasts until July.
- May 11th: French naval Victoire with the Battle of bay of Bantry, with broad of the Ireland.
- May 17th: Guillaume III joined the Ligue of Augsburg ( King William' S War ).
- May 24th: Law of tolerance for the nonconformist Protestants ( Act off Toleration ).
- May: convocation of the Irish Parliament by Jacques II.
- 3 - July 11th: Confession of faith of London of 1689
- July 27th: In Scotland, the Viscount of Dundee takes the weapons with the head of the Jacobites. He gains the Bataille of Killiecrankie, but dies in the combat. The chiefs of the clans of the Highlands then choose to submit themselves to the new king, except for the MacDonald de Glencoe, which will be assassinated in February 1692.
- August: Armand-Frederic de Schomberg unloads in Ireland.
- Jacques II of England, deposed of its title, settles with the castle of Saint-Germain-in-Bush hammer.
- the Company of the Adventurous Merchants loses his monopoly.
Arts & cultures
- January 26th: Esther , part of Jean Root, is created by the schoolgirls of Saint-Cyr military school.
- civil Laws within their natural framework of Jean Domat.
- Edition revised of the Funeral orations of Bossuet.
See also: 1689 with the theater
the English type-setter Henry Purcell composes the opera “ Didon and Énée ”.
- Artificii musicali of Giovanni Battista Vitali.
- Louis Ier de Bade (Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden-Baden) made rebuild its immense castle of Rastatt destroys by the French.
- Jules Hardouin-Mansart, superintendent of the royal Building industries, carries out the large wings North and South with Versailles.
- the Family of Darius , fabric of Pierre Mignard.
- Jesus curing the patients , fabric of Jean Jouvenet.
- Letter on the tolerance , and Two treaties of government of John Locke.
Histoire criticizes text of New Testament , of Richard Simon.
Sciences & technology
- the use of rackets to be gone on snow appears in the the Alps.
- the Swiss scientist Jacques Bernoulli develops the integral calculus.
Births in 1689
- January 18th: Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Philosopher and moralist French
- September 21st: Jan Klemens Branicki, general Polish († October 9th 1771)
Death in 1689
- March 23rd: Catherine de Francheville, Breton nun; founder about the order of the “ Sisters of the Retirement ” to Valves. (° 1620).
- March 30th: Kazimierz Łyszczyński, atheistic philosopher Polish (° March 4th 1634)
- November 26th: Philippe Quinault, celebrates librettist of Lully which preceded very profitable collaboration by Lully with Molière.
- April 10th: Easter Sunday
Be-X-old: 1689 Map-bms: 1689 Simple: 1689
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