This page relates to the year 1687 Gregorian Calendrier.
- July: Denonville, with 800 soldiers, 1.100 militiamans and 400 Amerindians, devastates the country of the Tsonnontouans, thus preventing the Iroquois and the English to remove with the French the control of the trade of the furs.
- October 20th: The town of Lima to the Peru is practically destroyed by a Earthquake.
- November 3rd: A raid from 100 to 200 Iroquois is pushed back with the Fort Chambly.
the French, combined with the Siam, occupy Bangkok and Mergui. The operation causes a violent popular reaction and the instigator of the revolution, Opra Pitracha, becomes king de Siam (1688). The French are driven out country.
- Law on the protection of the living beings. Tokugawa Tsunayoshi makes collect the dogs wandering in Edo and gather them in a refuge in the plain of Musashi. Cruelty towards the animals is severely punished, until the capital punishment. Tsunayoshi receives the sarcastic nickname of Inu kubô , the “Shogun of the dogs”.
- notable Increase in the number of the mushuku (homeless person), peasants driven out by the demographic pressure come to seek fortune at the city. Tsunayoshi founds the practice to gather the patients and the troublemakers in houses of detention ( tame ).
- On the order of the Dalai Lama the khans Khalkha convene a Quriltay to regulate peace between the Touchetou-khan and the Dzasaktou-khan, in which take part of the representatives of the khanat oïrat. The quriltay does not achieve its goal. In 1687, the khan of Dzoungarie Galdan pushes Dzasaktou-khan, Chara, to declare the war in Touchetou-khan, but this last triumph of its attacker and kills it. To the autumn, Galdan sends his/her brother Dordji-djab to carry out a punitive forwarding. Dordji-djab is overcome and killed by Touchetou-khan.
- February: Aurangzeb besieges Golconde which it takes by treason (October) then appendix. He imprisons his son Akbar (1687 - 1694) who had taken the party of the rajah of Bijâpur.
the English Compagnie of the Eastern Indies transfers its seat from Surat to Bombay.
The Middle East
- November 8th: A military revolt deposits the Othoman sultan Mehmed IV. Beginning of the Othoman sultanate of Suleyman II (fine in 1691).
- Pessimum of the Small Ice Age (1687 - 1703): Very rigorous winters, cold springs and summers, late grape harvest.
- May, Russia: Beginning and failure of the campaigns of Vassili Galitzine against the the Crimea (fine in 1689).
- June 2nd: Lawsuits and execution of revolted Hungarian with the emergency court of Eperies (Prestov) in Slovakia. Re-establishment of the Austrian domination in Hungary.
- July: Mazeppa (1644 - 1709) is elected hetman Cosaques by Split Ukrainian. It controls the Ukraine.
- July 26th: The Parthenon of Athens is destroyed at the time of the war between the Ottoman Empire and Venice.
- August 12th: The duke of Lorraine and Louis de Bade beat the Turks Soliman II with the Bataille of Mohács and Hungary, Croatia and Transylvania drive out them. The Hungary becomes a hereditary possession of the Habsbourg.
- the Venetian general Francesco Morosini occupies the Morée (1687 - 1715).
- September 26th: At the time of the seat of Athens, held by the Turks, by the Republic of Venice, an explosion damages very seriously the Parthenon, transformed into store with powder by the Turks.
- September 27th: Catch of Athens by Venice.
October 27th: Michel Apaffy, prince of Transylvania, sign with Blasendorf a treaty of protectorate with Charles V of Lorraine. He commits himself paying a royalty of 100 000 ducats and the Austrian troops occupy the fortresses of Slavonie, then of Transylvania.
October 31st: The diet of Presbourg (Bratislava) recognizes the heredity of the throne of Hungary in the family of the Habsbourg. In exchange, the crown recognizes the traditional rights of the Hungarians except for that of insurrection. Joseph de Habsbourg becomes king of Hungary.
- Cleansing of the high public office of the Councils in Spain: the vacant posts in excess are not replaced.
- the barbet spaniels (Of Vaud) driven out Piedmont are accommodated in Suisse.
- April 4th: Declaration of Indulgence of Jacques II of England, which gives the whole religious liberty to the dissidents and to the catholics. The laws discriminatory against the catholics are repealed, and of the catholics are named at important stations in the civil and military administration. A papal legate is accommodated with London in July.
- June 6th: Institution of the Order of the Thistle by the king of England Jacques II, which is also the king of Scotland under the name of Jacques VII.
- Jacques II, vis-a-vis the opposition of the legal country to its projects, congédie masses the Justice of the Peace of them, seeks to fill the Parliament and the courts of its men and prosecutes seven refractory bishops with the Declaration of Indulgence (they will be discharged).
- Tyrconnel (catholic) becomes Lord governor of Ireland (fine in 1691).
- difficult Economic conjuncture. The campaigns have evil to nourish the surplus of population. The deceleration of the exchanges causes serious price-cuttings (cereals, wool cloths).
- November 16th: Quarrel of the “franknesses”. Conflict with papacy in connection with the exterritoriality of the “franknesses” of which should profit the embassy from France to Rome. Excommunication of the French ambassador Lavardin and seized by Avignon (1688). Innocent XI secretly excommunicates Louis XIV after the occupation of the pontifical possessions of Avignon and Comtat Venaissin.
Art & culture
- January 27th: With the French Academy, Perrault makes read its Siècle of Louis Large the , starting the Querelle of Old and Modern the. the Fountain counterpart immediately by its Epistle with Mr Huet .
- Treated education of the girls of Fénelon.
- the Characters of Jean of the Heather, published by Michalet (October).
- the Knight with the mode, comedy of Dancourt.
- In the Manner of thinking well in the works of the spirit of Dominique Bouhours.
- the Hind and the panther , allegory in worms defending the Catholicism of John Dryden.
- Ode for the Holy-Cecile poem of John Dryden put in music by Purcell.
- Achilles and Polyxène , opera of Campistron.
See also: 1687 with the theater
- Jules Hardouin-Mansart carries out the Place of the Victories to Paris.
- André Ours completes the park of the Château of Versailles (beginning of work in 1662).
Sciences & technology
- July 5th: Isaac Newton publishes the Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica describing its laws of the movement and that of the Gravitation.
- Denis Papin establishes the principle of a Steam engine with piston.
Economy & company
- On the 6000 inhabitants of Boston, a thousand only are owners, and among them about fifty anybody (1% of the total population) have 25% of the richnesses. In 1770, 1% of the population will hold 44% of them. As the population of Boston increases, between 1687 and 1770, the proportion of male adults which lives in misery passes from 14% to 29%.
Treated on the Ireland , of William Petty. It estimates that the Irish tenants are equipped better than the peasants with France. It evaluates the population of the island with 800 000 Irishmen and 300 000 English and Ecossais, which profit from a better fate, but, according to him, a quarter of the Irishmen of stock lives suitably.
First paper money experiment to the Portugal.
Births in 1687
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Pierre Mitchell, founder of the first glassmaking of Bordeaux
Death in 1687
- January 28th: Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer (° January 28th 1611)
- February 3rd: François de Créquy, duke of Lesdiguières, Marshal of France. (° 1624).
- March 19th: Rene Robert Cavelier of the Room, assassinated.
- March 22nd: Jean-Baptiste Lully, French musician of Italian origin.
- October 17th: François Turretini (1623-1687), Pasteur Genevese orthodoxe calvinist, professor of theology to the Academy.
- November 7th: Isaac Orobio of Castro, doctor and thinker Marrane, with Amsterdam.
- November 20th: Olivier Charbonneau (1611-1687), pioneer of the Jesus Island, Laval with the Quebec, Canada, the ancestor of Charbonneau of Quebec.
- December 16th: William Petty, Mercantilist English (1623-1687).
- Jean Hamon, French doctor.
- March 30th: Easter Sunday
Be-X-old: 1687 Map-bms: 1687 Simple: 1687
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