This page relates to the year 1680 Gregorian Calendrier.
- Weakening of the pachalik to the Songhaï at the end of the century. The cities occupied by the troops of the pasha are attacked by the close populations. The Oulimidden occupy Gao in 1680. The Touareg cut the tracks and threaten Tombouctou.
- 2 million Blacks was transported of Africa towards the English colonies of America and the Antilles.
August 13rd: Revolt Indians Pueblos with the New Mexico, who take Santa Fe the August 21st. Massacre many Spanish colonists. The others escape. The Spanish establishments are destroyed (fine in 1692).
- 20 - January 28th: A Portuguese forwarding, raping the old man Treated of Tordesillas, founds Colonia in the south of Eastern bank of the Rio of Plata, center of trade illicit with the Spanish colonies of the Paraguay and of Argentine. This foundation is the consequence of long series of disorders which are completed only in 1828 with the creation of the Uruguay. The Portuguese run up against the Spaniards who defend Buenos Aires (fine in 1750).
- Law prohibiting the capture and the slavery of the Indians to the Brazil. The entry of black slave is encouraged. The Indians are grouped in the Sertão in aldeias under the direction of the Jésuites.
- Development in the interior of the large Brazil fazendas of breeding.
- May: Eruption of the Krakatoa in Indonesia.
- June 4th: Died of Ietsuna Tokugawa. After a disputed succession, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi becomes shogun with the Japan (fine in 1709). Concerned of a moral nature and social equity, it confirms the officially privileged statute of the Confucianism ( seidô ).
- the Touchetou-khan, supported by the Manchu confusion to two recovery the Russian city of Selenguinsk.
- In China, Kangxi suspends the prohibition of the Sino-Japanese exchanges. The Manchu ships affluent with Nagasaki.
- April 3rd: Beginning of the reign of Shambhuji king of the Marathes of Raigarh.
- Rebellion of the Rajputs and the Jat in India of North.
- the prince Akbar, opposed to the policy of his/her father joint in Rajput then goes to the court of the king Marathe Shambhuji. Aurangzeb sign a peace treaty with Mewar (Udaipur) but the war continues with Marwar until in 1709.
- December 10th: The king of Sweden and the commoners of the Riksdag decide to make return accounts to the guilty of misappropriation Regents and to proceed to the Réduction (of the property peerage-book). The capacity of Riksdag is limited: its consultation does not depend any more but on the good will of the king.
- In Scotland, last battles arranged between clans, that between the Sinclair and the Beadalbane Campbell.
- Return of exile of Richard Cromwell in England, which saw until in 1712 without being worried.
- War of salt in Piedmont (fine in 1699).
- Plague in Bohemia.
- Jacquerie in Bohemia, repressed hard.
- First License of Drudgery in Bohemia: three days per week safe during seasonal work.
- June 10th: Treaty of Windsor: Anglo-Spanish defensive alliance.
- June 30th: Auto-da-fe on Plaza Mayor of Madrid; 118 shown, including 104 judaïsants, are judged. A score of them are burned alives.
- Government of the duke of Medinaceli (fine in 1685).
- monetary Crisis: 95% of the money circulation are ensured by the vellon, part out of copper and money alloy. The premium of the money on copper reaches 275%. The government will end up reducing the vellon to the quarter of its value, which will involve a fall of the prices of 45% (November). This return to the healthy currency is accompanied by a tax cleansing: the arrears since 1673 are erased, the leasing of the taxes replaced by the distribution, which makes it possible to attenuate the tax pressure as of 1684.
- January: Bossuet, symbol of the absolutism gallican, becomes first chaplain of the dauphine one.
- February 22nd: Catherine Deshayes, widowed Montvoisin, known as the Neighbor , mixed with the Business with the poisons, is burned in Place of Strike.
- March 7th: Monseigneur, heir to the throne, marries a princess of Bavaria.
- August 9th: The lords of Alsace must recognize the sovereignty of the king de France (Politique of the Meetings). The county of Montbeliard is joined together with the kingdom.
- June - August: Lower favor of Madam de Montespan with the profit of Madam de Maintenon. Mrs. de Maintenon reigns on the court and exerts a dominating influence on the king in the religious and political fields.
- November: Prohibition of the marriages between Protestants and catholics.
- Second fire of the Palatinat.
- Taken again persecutions of the Jansenists (exile of Antoine Arnauld and Nicole).
- Frozen of olive-trees in Provence.
- Opening of the channel of the Two Seas. Export of Picardan of Sète towards the Holland.
- Increase in the import duty on the wines to Paris.
- Plane rational of the capital (16 districts).
- Bref Binis jam litteris on the question of the right of levels of the pope Innocent XI.
the bishop of Naples Innico Caracciolo tries to carry out a selection in the recruitment of the clerks and especially to reverse the proportion between those which received only the minor orders (most) and the priests.
Arts & cultures
See also: 1680 with the theater
- October 21st: The Comédie-Française is founded with Paris by fusion of the troops of Molière and the Hôtel of Burgundy.
- Reflections on the mercy of God of Miss of Vallière.
- Moral of the world or Conversations (10 vol., 1680-1682), of Miss de Scudéry.
- Treated nature and grace , of Malebranche.
- Failure of Aspar , part of Fontenelle.
- French Dictionary of Pierre Richelet.
- Imaginations for cords , of Purcell.
- the Italian violin maker Antonio Stradivari (Stradivarius) opens his workshop with Crémone in Italy.
- Rebuilding of the imperial manufacture of Porcelain of Jingdezhen to the Jiangxi. Apogee of the art of the porcelain in China.
Science & technology
- Newton discovers the law of the gravitation (published in 1687).
- Of the nature of the colors , Edme Mariotte.
Economy & company
- Rise of hosiery with Nimes (silk stocking to the trade).
- 3000 trades in the silk industry to Venice (only 60 in 1792).
- 20 000 inhabitants in Berlin (90 000 in 1740). More 500 000 inhabitants with Paris.
Births in 1680
- Philippe Néricault Destouches, French writer
Death in 1680
- February 17th: Jan Swammerdam, Dutch entomologist (1637 -1680).
- March 17th: Rochefoucauld.
- April 3rd:
- Nicolas Fouquet, French statesman, in prison with Pignerol.
- Shivâjî Bhonsla, founder of the empire Marathe.
- July 10th: Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist.
- August 25th: Simeon Polotski, Russian playwright (1629-1680).
- August 19th: Jean Eudes, paragon of the Counter-Reformation.
- October 4th: Pierre-Paul Riquet founder of the Channel of the South.
- October 15th: Bedřich Bridel, preacher (1619 -1680), who spread successfully the worship of Jean Népomucène in the Czech campaigns.
- November 28th: Bernin (Bernini): one of the more great architects of his time (with Francesco Borromini).
- Richard Cameron (1648 -1680) reforming Scot, founder of the sect of the caméroniens, in Aird' S Moss, during a rising against Charles II of England.
- Zinzendorf, president of the Room of the Accounts of Vienna (1616 -1680).
- Daniel Elzévir, bookseller and printer Dutch (1626 -1680).
- J.J. Bendel, Czech sculptor.
- April 21st: Easter Sunday
Be-X-old: 1680 Map-bms: 1680 Simple: 1680
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