This page relates to the year 1670 Gregorian Calendrier.
- May 2nd: Charles II of England grants a charter the Compagnie of Hudson Bay in the condition express which the recipients find driving a passage to the South Seas. The charter gives to the company the exclusive monopoly trade on all the seas, straits, bays, rivers, lakes, splits or arm of the sea in direct link with the Hudson Bay, and this whatever are the latitude, the territory or the country concerned (territories asserted by the France). Medard Chouart of the Currant bushes and Pierre-Spirit Radisson are the first to propose the setting-up of such a company. After having met many failures near the king of France, they call upon the Prince Rupert, cousin of king d' Angleterre Charles II; it is Rupert which will convince the English king.
- July 18th: Treaty of Madrid between the England and the Spain fixing the border at the south of Charleston, as a Caroline (38° of latitude).
- the English found a colonial establishment with Charleston (Charles Town) in South Carolina.
- the English colonize the the Bahamas which they obtain with the treaty of Madrid.
- December 15th: The Welsh corsair Henry Morgan takes the island of Santa Catalina and takes possession of the castle of Chagres the 27 (Panama).
- Birth of the town of Repentigny, with the Canada, close to Montreal, in the province of Quebec
- the Mexico account less than 1,5 million Indians.
- French Ordinance prohibiting the foreign trade and reaffirming the principle of exclusive (prohibition to transform the raw materials out of the metropolis).
- the Guadeloupe account 7000 inhabitants.
- With the Morocco, Mulay Rachid occupies the fortress of It and subjects the marabout S of the Under.
- Years of conquests to the Tibet (fine in 1685): valley of Chumbi in the south of Tibet, certain areas Kham S, and the part of the west of Tibet controlled by the Ladakh; only the Bhutan resists victoriously.
- Shivaji recovers the forts which it had lost in 1664 and puts at bag the port Surat.
The Middle East
- Revolt with Mecque against the Othoman capacity .
- Renewal of the Capitulations between the Ottoman Empire and France.
January: Renewal of the Triple Alliance of 1668.
- February 6th: Beginning of the reign of Christian V, king of Denmark and Norway, who endeavors to create a kingdom with the Frenchwoman (fine in 1699).
- February 17th: Catholic agreement between Louis XIV and the voter of Bavaria against the danger of “triple Protestant alliance” (England, Holland, Sweden).
- April 29th: Beginning of the Pontificate of Clement X (fine in 1676).
- May 22nd: Treaty of Dover secretly signed between Louis XIV and Charles II of England: he urges the king of England to be converted with Catholicism, to follow Louis in his war against the United Provinces and to support his possible rights to the crown of Spain in exchange of an financial aid and soldier. Pomponne makes sure of the neutrality of the Sweden and the Germans.
- May 23rd: Cosme III of Médicis becomes large-duke of Tuscany (fine in 1723).
- June 12th: Beginning of a revolt against the Russian capacity of the Cossacks of the Gift under the control of Stenka Razine (fine in 1671).
- Stenka Razine takes and plunders Astrakan (June 12th), goes up the the Volga, takes Tsaritsyne, Saratov and Samara (July). The revolt spreads, the peasants leave their grounds and are made cossacks. Stenka Razine is beaten with Simbirsk (October) by the prince Bariatinski whereas he threatened the area of Moscow. It is delivered by the aristocracy cossack (April 1671). The prince Dolgorouki takes the head of the offensive against the insurrectionists (December).
- August - October: Occupation of the Lorraine by the France (fine in 1697).
- Revolt in Hungary: The round of applause of Croatia Pierre Zrinyi turns to the Turks against the Austria. The imperial ones occupy royal Hungary.
- the 1400 Juifs of Vienna are expelled towards the Bohemia and the Moravie.
- the duke of York, brother of the king of England, converts with the Catholicisme (about 1668-1670).
- January 22nd: Rising in Vallespir.
- February 24th: Schedule constituting the bottom of the Invalides.
- April 30th: Anti-tax rising with Aubenas.
- June 30th: Creation of the Company of Raising.
- June: Creation of the Hospital of Child-Found the with Paris.
- July 13rd: The press, loading forced sailors raids in the ports for the fleet of war, is replaced by the system of the classes: all the sailors and fishermen of the coasts of the kingdom are registered and divided into three or four classes which must be useful in turn on the vessels of the king.
- July: The price of wheat is of 10 books tournaments.
- August 26th: Ordinance of criminal procedure supplementing the code of procedure of 1667 (see Affaire Fixed). The “continuations against the wizard” are eliminated from the legal system.
- September 5th: Bossuet becomes tutor of the Dolphin Louis de France (fine in 1681).
- September 21st: Mgr. Tellier, become archbishop of Rheims, devotes with the full approval of the Pape, Jacques Bénigne Bossuet like bishop of Condom, Gers, in the church of Cordeliers to Pontoise.
- Business of the poisons (thirty-four executions of 1670 with 1680).
- the Assemblée of the clergy grants to the king a “free gift” considerable in exchange of energetic measurements against the Protestants.
- the intendants take more and more importance in the administration of the provinces.
Art & culture
- February 24th: The construction of the Hôtel of the Invalids is entrusted to Libéral Bunting.
- June 7th: Transformation of the fortifications into boulevard of the Bastille to the Door Saint-Denis.
- Beginning of the Quarrel of Old and Modern the (fine in 1715).
- Publication of the “ Thought ” of Blaise Pascal.
- Memory on the safety of the empire , Leibniz.
- John Dryden is named historiographer of the king Charles II of England and Poète prize winner.
- Publication of the Tractatus theologico-politicus ( Treated théologico-policy ) of Spinoza, which defends the freedom of thought there. The work is a great success and returns it celebrates, but its author is taxed with atheism.
See also: 1670 with the theater
- the Storm and the Mill of Wijk, close to Duurstede , fabrics of Jacob Van Ruysdael.
- Sir Christopher Wren begins the rebuilding of the cathedral Saint-Paul of London.
- François d' Orbay becomes first architect of the king de France (fine in 1678).
Science & technology
- Réédition of the translation by Bachet of Arithmetica de Diophante increased remarks of Fermat and in which one finds most of the discoveries that this last made in theory numbers.
- Schwandhard notices that the Verre is attacked when it is exposed to Fluor ite treated with the acid.
Economy & company
the France account 21,3 million inhabitants (current borders). Demographic recovery.
- the annual value of the four merchant fleet Dutchwomen returning of Batavia, Cadiz, Smyrna and Arkangelsk reaches 50 million guilders.
Births in 1670
- March 31st: The Duke of Maine, bastard of Louis XIV and Madam de Montespan.
- April 6th: Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet († March 17th 1741).
- May 12th: Auguste II, king of Poland († 1733)
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
Death in 1670
- January 3rd: George Monk, First duke of Albemarle (° 1608)
- January 21st: Racan, poet and writer French.
- May 10th: Claude Vignon, painter (1593-1670).
- October 11th: Louis Vau, French architect (° 1612).
- October: Solomon Van Ruysdael, Dutch painter (Naardem, v. 1600 - Haarlem, 1670).
- November 15th: Jan Amos Komenský known as Comenius, theologist and Czech pedagog, teaching with the Protestant academy of Leszno, author of the Didaktik Magna , which provides the foundations of a teaching revolution (Nivnice, close to Uherský Brod, Moravie, 1592 - Amsterdam, 1670).
- Samuel Sorbière, French mathematician.
- Jacques Van Loo, painter (1614 -1670).
- Lodewijk III Elzévir, bookseller and printer (1604 - 1670).
- April 6th: Easter Sunday
Be-X-old: 1670 Map-bms: 1670
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