This page relates to the year 1650 Gregorian Calendrier.
Establishment of a system bicameral system to the Maryland.
- Strike of the conveyers of the salt of New York. They are translated into justice.
- Grenade is asserted by the France.
- Anguilla is colonized by the English of Saint Kitts.
- Sugar industry in the French West Indies.
- Potosi account 160 000 inhabitants.
- 7500 black slaves per annum on average enter to the Brésil of 1650 to 1700.
- Javanese Wars: Progress of the conquest of Java by the Dutchmen (fine in 1684).
- the Kyrgyz emigrate towards the You IEN-chan (Kyrgyzstan).
The Middle East
- Istanbul counts of 7 with 800 000 inhabitants.
- June 5th, United Provinces: The stadhouder Guillaume II of Orange, wanting to take again the war against the Spain and to intervene in the English civil war, in front of the opposition of the Holland, is made invest by the other provinces of special capacities and walk on Amsterdam. A compromise is negotiated, without satisfying the parts.
- July: Crisis during the meeting of the Riksdag of Sweden, due to a bad harvest and the extension of the property peerage-book.
- October 20th: Christine is made crown king de Suède. She refuses the Réduction (of the extension of the property peerage-book) and is satisfied to limit the number of day of drudgery due to the lords.
- the queen Christine refuses to marry and makes designate by Riksdag his/her cousin Charles-Gustave like successor.
- November 6th: The stadhouder Guillaume II of Orange dies of the Petite pox, leaving the country without stadhouder. A republican mode is set up.
between English and Portuguese sailors: the English fleet being seized Portuguese ships for the Brazil, the Portuguese government retorts by imprisoning English merchants and by confiscating their assets with the Portugal.
- April 27th: An army Royalist E invades the Scotland starting from the the Orkneys but is demolished by the Covenanter with Carbisdale.
- April - May: Head office of Clonmel in Ireland.
- May 26th: Oliver Cromwell leaves Ireland, his/her son-in-law Henry Ireton is named Lord Deputy of Ireland.
- August 10th: Rendering of Waterford.
- August: Oliver Cromwell intervenes in Scotland where the oldest son of Charles Ier of England proclaimed king under the name of Charles II in June (end in September 1651).
- September 3rd: Cromwell is victorious covenantaires with the battles of Dunbar. The Scotland is occupied until in 1660 by an English army ordered by George Monk (future Coldstream Guards).
- October: Head office of Limerick in Ireland.
- New Plantations (installation of colonists Scot and English) in Ulster.
See also: 1650 in France
January 14th: Mazarin is combined to the leaders Fronde, against Condé.
January 18th: Condé, Conti and the Duc of Longueville is arrested with the Palais Royal and is imprisoned on order of Mazarin, which causes the agitation of their friends who raise the province (Normandy, Burgundy, Guyenne).
June 15th: The archduke Léopold, governor of the Spanish Netherlands, helped by Turenne (interdependent of the Sling) takes Catelet. The marshal of Plessis-Praslin forces it to raise the seat of Guise
municipal Movement of the Ormée to Bordeaux. Failure of Of Bordeaux with Libourne defended by the duke of Epernon (May 26th). The city proclaims its adhesion with the party of the princes (June 22nd).
October 1st: Peace of Bordeaux which devotes the victory of the moderate party of Gondi. The Parlement of Bordeaux is restored in its capacities; Cop is not released in spite of the amnesty of the princes and compromised princesses.
November: Nicolas Fouquet becomes public prosecutor.
- the public worship of the Juifs of Hamburg is authorized.
the assembly of the clergy of France requires of the pope to come to a conclusion about the five proposals on the Grâce of the Augustinus of Jansénius, formulated by Pierre Cordet, syndic of the faculty of theology of Paris, and condemned by the assembly of faculty.
Publication of Yearly veteris testamenti, has PRIMA mundi origene deducti (Yearly of the Old Testament, recalled since the origin of the world). In this work, the prelate Irish James Usher calculates the age of the Ground. By reconstituting the genealogy of the characters of the Bible it determines that the ground was creates the night preceding the October 23rd -4004. This calculation will not be called into question before second half of the 19th century.
the pope Innocent X reform regular clergy (1649 - 1654). He undertakes to count it and counts 70 000 monks divided in 6 238 convents (the Célestins, the Carthusian monk and Cistercien S escape this census). The congregation exits of the Counter-Reformation (Barnabites, Somasques, Théatins, Jesuits) gather 5000 monks, the orders beggars 60 000 monks (34 000 Franciscains). The reform must remove the 1513 convents, smallest and poorest. Many monks, driven out of their convent, are not accepted by new the establishments because their incomes are too weak. Thrown to the street, they are often transformed into beggars and plunderers, causing crises and disorders. In front of the protests, Rome reconsiders its decision. The closing of the convents must depend from now on on a local investigation which decides viability of the establishments. A few years later, close to 40 % of the removed convents are restored.
the Poland account 270 Protestant churches (560 in 1572). The Lutherans, primarily of the Germans, are maintained in the cities of royal Prussia like Danzig or Elbag, while the calvinists are present in a hundred parishes in Lithuania.
November 9th: Bossuet supports its thesis, known as sorbonic.
Arts & cultures
- Pro rabble Anglicano defensio , of John Milton, which defends the positions of Cromwell.
- Lampoons and songs against Mazarin (4000 mazarinades ).
- Andromède , tragedy of Pierre Corneille.
- Origins of the French language of Household.
- Large Cyrus , novel of Madeleine and Georges de Scudéry (10 vol., 1650 - 1653).
- Comedy of the academists of Saint-Évremond.
- Gift Sanche d' Aragon , heroic comedy of Pierre Corneille.
- Kore ha-Dorot (“ Course of the generations”) of the historian Séfarade David Conforte is printed with Hebrew Salonique in .
See also: 1650 with the theater
Symphonia sacrae , of Heinrich Schütz.
Parallel of ancient architecture with modern the of Fréart de Chambray, proclamation of the French classicism.
- J.J. Bendel carves the column mariale set up with Prague on the place of the Old woman-city.
- Disavowal of Saint Pierre , fabric of the Tower.
- Venus with the mirror , fabric of Vélasquez.
- Rise of the porcelains of Kutani, close to Kanazawa (Japan).
Sciences & technologies
See also: 1650 in science
Economy & company
- Sharp decline of the noble metal arrivals of the New World towards the Spain (4 million piastres per annum, then 1,1 million starting from 1660): 45 tons of money equivalent are sent of America towards the Spain.
- Foundation in Germany of the Calwer Zeughandlungkompagnie , dispersed cloth manufacture.
- Foundation of the bank of Stockholm. Appearance of the first Banknotes in Sweden.
- Russia: Ukase prohibiting to the peasants any artisanal or commercial activity.
- the Café is brought of Turkey in England by an English merchant, Daniel Edwards.
Births in 1650
February 5th: Anne-Jules de Noailles. Future duke of Nouailles, it " distinguera" by its dragonnades in Languedoc. He will be vice king de Catalogne.
- August 7th: Louis-Joseph of Lorraine, duke of Merry. He will marry in the Elisabeth continuation of Orleans, puinée sister of Miss.
- November 14th: Guillaume III ( William III ) of England.
- September: Nicolas de Malézieu, mathematician and literary man French French academician (armchair 33)
Death in 1650
February 8th: François V of Rochefoucauld. His/her son François VI, the memorialist, hitherto prince de Marcillac, becomes duke of Rochefoucauld.
- February 11th: Rene Descartes, Philosopher, mathematician and physicist French, in Stockholm, where the Christine queen of Sweden had made it come.
- February 13rd: Urbain of With a grid-Brézé (1597-1650), brother-in-law of Richelieu, Marshal of France in 1632.
- February 26th: Claude Favre de Vaugelas, baron de Péroges, grammairien, French academician (armchair 32).
- June 28th: Jean de Rotrou, playwright (Dreux, 1609 -1650).
- July 8th: Nicolas de Bellièvre, President with mortar of the Parliament of Paris.
- July: François Perrier, painter (1590 -1650)
- September 17th: Yves Fouquet, brother of Nicolas, old of 21 years, young adviser with the Parliament of Paris.
- September 24th: Charles de Valois, duke of Angouleme. Wire naturalness of Charles IX and Marie Touchet, it was born on April 28th, 1573. Shining war leader and diplomat, he lived under five kings.
- November 6th: Guillaume II of Orange.
- December 2nd: Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, Princess dowager of Cop, mother of the large Cop, with Châtillon-on-Loing.
- December 10th: Claude de Mesme, count d' Avaux.
- April 17th: Easter Sunday
Be-X-old: 1650 Map-bms: 1650 Simple: 1650
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