This page relates to the year 1643 Gregorian Calendrier.
- June 9th: To the Quebec, the Iroquois deliver a guerilla warfare against the station of City-Marie (Montreal). Died of five colonists.
- October 28th: The Dutch corsairs leave Valdivia in Chile.
- November 29th: The French (Charles Poncet de Brétigny) found Cayenne (Strong Cépérou) in Guyana.
- Charles Houël founds town of Low-Ground in Guadeloupe
- Heurts between the Dutchmen and the Indians Manhattan S.
- Guerre between the Indians Naragansetts and the English in New England (fine in 1645).
- Prohibition of the Congrégationalisme in the English colonies.
- September 21st: Beginning of the reign of Shunzhi, large khan Manchu of the Dynasty Qing, on the China of North and the Mongolia. Regency of princes Dorgon and Jirgalang.
- November 14th: Abdication of the empress of the Japan Meishō. Beginning of the reign of Go-Kōmyō.
- the Dutchmen (Maarten Gerritszoon de Vries) discover the Kouriles.
- Russian Forwarding of Vassili Poiarkov, sent by the voïévode of Yakoutsk, Pierre Golodine. It goes up the Aldan, discovers the course of the Amour to its mouth and follows the littoral until the site of Okhotsk.
- Famine in India.
- January 21st: The Dutch navigator Abel Tasman discovers the islands Tonga.
- February 6th: Abel Tasman discovers the islands Fiji.
- December 25th: The English navigator William Mynors discovers the Christmas island.
- January 14th: Government of Shine of Haro in Spain (fine in 1661).
- Olivares is banished because of the interior disorders caused by its policy of oppressive taxation. Its nephew gift Luis Méndez de Haro succeeds to him.
- May 19th: The Battle of Rocroi, where the duke of Enghien (the future Grand Cop) beats the Spain, mark the beginning of French military supremacy in Europe.
- the French fleet unloads troops with Ortobello, in chair Toscane.
- September 3rd: Battle of Carthagène. Victoire of With a grid-Brézé on the Spanish fleet with broad of Carthagène.
- September 4th: Turenne, Marshal of France, receives the command of the army of Germany.
- November 14th: The inquisitor Diego de Arce there Reinoso (1643 - 1665), bishop of Plasence, fight against the Juifs converse in Spain (17 autos-da-fe).
- November 24th: Victoire of Mercy to the Battle of Tuttlingen on the France.
- December 12th: War enters the Sweden and the Denmark (fine in 1645). The Danes and the Swedes (Lennart Torstenson) begin the hostilities in the Holstein without there being declaration of war.
- Creation of the Council of Overseas to the Portugal.
- Construction of the Zeughaus to Graz in Austria. It was the vastest deposit of weapons of the world.
- the squadron of De Witt ensures the freedom of passage of the Sund the Dutch ships.
- Azov is destroyed and evacuated by the Cosaques of the Don. The Russia deprives of the access to the Black Sea.
See also: 1643 in France
April 10th: Disgrace of Sublet de Noyers.
- April 11th: Tellier becomes Secretary of State to the war.
- May 14th:
- Died of Louis XIII; His/her oldest son succeeds to him. The Parliament of Paris, “suggestionné” by the party of Anne of Austria, breakage readily its will (May 18th).
- Beginning of the reign of Louis XIV, king de France (fine in 1715).
- May 18th: Regency of Anne of Austria, which calls upon the cardinal Mazarin, godfather of the young king Louis XIV, five years old, to educate it and manage France during its minority (end in 1661). Jules Mazarin, seems to be the lover of the queen and can be her husband. The chancellor Séguier deals with the interior matters. Cop and Turenne is with the head of the armies.
- May 27th: The Cabal of Important the, directed by Marie de Rohan-Montbazon, duchess of Chevreuse, tries to replace Mazarin by Châteauneuf. Mazarin carries it, makes lock up with Vincennes the Duc of Beaufort (September) and exile in province the principal members of the cabal, of which Madam de Chevreuse, the bishop of Beauvais Potier or Saint-Ibar (November).
- June-September: Rising of the Crunching Rouergue.
- March 13rd: First Battle of Middlewich.
- March 19th: Victoire of the royalist on the parliamentary with the Battle of Hopton Heath.
- June 18th: Victoire of the royalist to the Battle of Chalgrove Field.
- July 5th: Victoire of the royalist to the Battle of Lansdowne.
- July 13rd: Victoire of the royalist to the Battle of Roundway Down.
- June 30th: Victoire of the royalist to the Battle of Adwalton Moor.
- July 1st: Opening of the assembly of Westminster.
- September 20th: Victoire of Charles Ier of England to Newbury. It is not decisive and London remains out of reach.
September: Signature of the Solemn League and Covenant with Westminster, alliance of the English Parliament and the covenantaires Scottish against king Charles Ier, in exchange of the promise to establish a system presbytérien in England (1643 - 1648).
the parliamentary opposition loses its principal leaders with the death of John Hampden (May 24th), of John Pym (December 8th) and of Lord Brooke (Robert Greville). The center of gravity of the Communes slips towards the most intransigent elements, which claim a total freedom of conscience, a decentralized Church, without bishops nor royal supervision, on the principle of the total independence of each parish.
- January 15th: Bubble In Eminent . The pope Urbain VIII prohibits any debate on the Grâce. Proscription of the Augustinus by the pope.
- March 25th: Saint Jean Eudes founds with Caen the congregation of Jesus-and-Marie (Eudistes).
- Correspondence of Philippe IV of Spain with the nun Marie de Agreda.
- Relatione beyond large monarcha della Cina , of the Jesuit Portuguese Alvaro Semado, published in Rome. It indexes 54 persecutions of the Christians in China since 1583.
- Of the frequent communion , Antoine Arnauld.
Arts & culture
- Redécouverte by the Icelandic bishop Brynjólfur Sveinsson of a collection of old poetic texts known under the name of Edda, written during second half of the 13th century. It is about a heteroclite collection of about thirty poems writes as from the 8th century or 9th century by various authors. They tell account mythological (the Hávamal , the Völuspá , the Rêve of Baldr , the Chant of Thrymr , the Dit of Grimnir , the Dit of Vafthrudnir ) or heroic (the Dit of Sígdrifa , the Prédiction of Gripir , the epopee of Sigurdhr ), which refer to the age migrations (exploits of the Huns, Goths or Francs).
- Deutschgesinnte Gesellschaft , literary company organized with Hamburg by Philippe von Zesen (1617 - 1689), with an aim of purifying the orthography and of eliminating the terms from low-German.
- Mazarin opens its library of 35 000 volumes with the public (the first in France).
- Bossuet sermon with the Hotel of Rambouillet.
Opuscules of Mothe Vayer.
- French history of Eudes de Mézeray (1643 - 1651).
- the Page disgraced of Tristan the Hermit.
- Doctrines and the Discipline of the divorce , lampoon of John Milton.
See also: 1643 with the theater
- May 19th: André Ours receives from Louis XIV the patent of draftsman of the royal gardens .
- Smoke den or the body of guard fabric of Louis the Dwarf.
Sciences, technology & discovered
- Treated Hydrography of Georges Fornier.
Economy & company
- Creation of the Company of the East by the France.
- Mazarin increases the budget of the French State to 1000 tons of money equivalent. It carries the non-recurring expenses and of war to 123 million books on average between 1642 and 1647.
- the Livre tournaments remains stable under Mazarin.
- Creation of a direct tax on the land and buildings in England (Land tax).
Births in 1643France. In England where it was not applied yet, its birth coincides with the December 25th 1642)
- May 24th: Emmanuel-Théodose of the Tower of Auvergne, cardinal future of Bubble and friend of the abbot of Choisy.
- Marc-Antoine Charpentier, type-setter French (or 1636).
Death in 1643
- February 25th: Marco da Gagliano (v. 1575-1643), official type-setter of the Médicis.
- March 1st: Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian type-setter .
- April 9th: Benedetto Castelli, Mathematician Italy N, disciple of Galileo. (° 1577).
- May 14th: Louis XIII, king de France.
- September 21st: Abaqaï, Manchu emperor .
- November 29th: Claudio Monteverdi, Italian type-setter .
- December 8th: Antoine Boësset, type-setter French.
- October 11th: Jean Duvergier de Hauranne, abbot of Saint-Cyran, theologist Jansenist (born close to Bayonne in 1581). It left little before Vincennes where it remained nearly five years.
Be-X-old: 1643 Map-bms: 1643 Simple: 1643
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