This page relates to the year 1642 Gregorian Calendrier.
- May 17th:
- many Arrests Marrane S Portuguese judaïsants with the Mexico following the consents of Gabriel de Granada, thirteen years old.
- Lapidation of a Jewish (new Christian) with Recife, the Brazil.
- the king of Portugal Jean IV creates a council of overseas which inherits attributions of the Council of Finances for the businesses overseas.
- the Jésuite Domingo de Torres takes the head of the Guarani S of the Paraguay to defend them against the hunters of slaves.
Oceania & the Pacific
- the explorer Dutch Abel Tasman makes the turn of the Australia in boat and discovers the Tasmanie (November 24th) and the New Zealand (December 12th). In homage to a Dutch colonial civil servant, he baptizes the Tasmanie, initially “ground of Van Diemen” (1642 - 1643). Discouraged by the account which it makes of its voyage, the Dutchmen give up their explorations of this part of the Pacifique.
- Mars: Installation of a French colony directed by Promised Jacques, with Fort-Dauphin in the south of Madagascar.
- June 29th: Second taking possession of the islands Mascareignes by the France and first unloading in roads of Saint-Paul.
- Introduction of the temporal power of the dalaï LAMA with the Tibet (fine in 1959).
- the alliance of the Mongolian and the sect Gelugpa makes it possible to establish with the Tibet a theocratic government under the authority of the Dalai Lama which remains until in 1959, more or less weakened. The fifth Dalai Lama (Lozang Gyatso, the “Great Fifth”) transfers his residence to the Potala with Lhassa and makes city a famous capital. Its ally the Mongolian chief Güshi Khan, of the tribe of Qoshot (1582 - 1655), lance its armies on the Tibet of the East, then towards central Tibet where it overcomes the king of the Tsang Tsangpa Desi and the Karmapa, Chöying Dorje. In 1642, the fifth Dalai Lama, during a great ceremony with Shigatse, capital of the Tsang, east invests temporal power on all the Tibet by Güshi Khan.
- Assassinat of the king of the Kampuchea Ang Non Ier replaced by his/her cousin Chau Ponhéa Chan, Moslem, which causes a civil war and the intervention of the Vietnam.
- Treated between the Netherlands and the Portugal for the division of Timor.
- Statutes of Batavia, first code of law of the the Dutch West Indies.
- British Counter of Madras.
The Middle East
- January: Anglo-Portuguese alliance.
- January 17th: Victoire of Guébriant to the Battle of Kempen.
- March 8th: The French besiege Perpignan.
- May 26th: Demolished of the French of the count de Guiche, nephew by alliance of Richelieu, with the Battle of Honnecourt vis-a-vis the Spanish army of the Netherlands.
- June 14th: The regent of Savoy is reconciled with his/her two brothers-in-law, the cardinal Maurice and the prince Thomas, who put at the service Louis XIII.
- June 30th July 1st: French naval Victoire on Spain with Barcelona.
- September 9th: Catch of Perpignan by France.
- September 29th: Catch of Salses by France.
- October 7th: Victoire of Mothe-Houdancourt on the marquis of Leganés to the Battle of Lérida.
- October 23rd Victoire of Tortensson to the second battle of Breitenfeld close to Leipzig.
- October 24th: Catch of Leipzig.
- the war misses bursting between the Turkey and the Russia in connection with Azov, taken by the Cosaques of the Don in 1637. The Polish danger and the Russian hostility of the merchants do not allow the conflict.
- March 13rd: Intrigues of Gaston of Orleans with the Spain.
- 12 - June 13rd: Plot pro-Spanish of Five-March against Richelieu. He is probably uncovered with the assistance of Anne of Austria.
- September 12th: Execution of Five-March and its accomplice De Thou with Lyon by Richelieu. The complicity of Louis XIII with the conspiracy of its favorite puts the king in difficult position in his relationship with the cardinal.
- September 15th: The Principality of Sedan and Raucourt is integrated in the kingdom after the participation of Bouillon in the plot of Five-March.
- December 4th: Died of Richelieu. With this news, bonfires are lit in the provinces.
- December 5th: Mazarin directs the council of the king. Some characters disgraced by the cardinal remake surface.
- Risings in Gascogne.
- the intendants receive attributions of the officers of finances (tax allocation and control of its covering).
- Erection of the fortress of Pignerol (on the steps of Piedmont) in general Government whose command is allotted to Henri de Maleyssye
- January 3rd: Charles Ier of England vainly tries to seize John Pym and of John Hampden and three other leaders of the opposition.
- Constitution of an insurrectionary committee. Violent demonstrations burst with London.
- January 10th: Charles Ier leaves Whitehall.
- February 15th: The Long Parliament removes the command of the militia to him and allots it, which make the civil war inevitable, Cavalier opponent and round Heads.
- In May, the Communes adopt a declaration taking again the distinction, established under Edouard II, between the person of the sovereign and the royal function. In June, they address to king Nineteen Propositions, under the terms of which they obtain the choice of the members of the Council and on the education of the royal children and their marriage.
- the June 18th, Charles Ier refuses this setting in supervision of the crown and points out the virtues of the English institutions, combining the principles of monarchy, the aristocracy and the democracy.
- July 1st: Parliament of theologists with Westminster.
- July: Head office of Hull by Charles Ist Beginning of the First English civil war (fine in 1649): The conflict will mobilize until 110 000 men (10% of the male population). The war causes also a strong increase in the tax pressure.
- August 4th - September 7th: failure of the seat of Galway in Ireland.
- August 22nd: the king Charles Ier qualifies the Parliament and his soldiers of traitors.
- In August, the king takes the weapons with Nottingham (approximately 10 000 Riders). It settles with York, then with Oxford. The Parliament raises an army against the king. It has the fleet and control London, with the support of the richest counties of the south and the east.
- September 23rd: Royalist Victoire of the Prince Rupert with the Battle of Powick Bridge.
- October 23rd: Victoire de Charles Ier with the Battle of Edgehill, in the Warwickshire. Success of the royalists of October 1642 at October 1643, who seize Bristol, of the Yorkshire (except for Hull) and of Cornwall.
- November 1st: Victoire of the Members of Parliament on the Prince Rupert with the Battle of Aylesbury.
- November 13rd: failure of king Charles Ier on the Members of Parliament with the Battle of Turnham Green. It cannot take London.
- Irish confederated Wars: In summer, the Confederation of Kilkenny proclaims the independence of the Ireland. Each province obtains a separate government.
- the pope Urbain VIII renews the judgment of the theses of Baïus.
- Death in prison of the chancellor Simon Péchi (1570 -1642), founder of the sect sabbatist in Transylvania. The sect is prohibited and a certain number of its faithful convert with the Judaïsme.
- orthodoxe Confession written by the métropolite of Kiev Pierre Mohila, accepted by the patriarchs of the Jerusalem, Constantinople, Alexandria and Antioche.
Art & culture
Literature & theater
- Smoothness and art of the spirit ( Agudeza there arte of ingenio, in explican todos los modos differed there from concetos…, 1642 - 1648), treated Baltasar Gracián there Morales.
- posthumous Publication of German Poems, Paul Fleming.
- Of cive , Thomas Hobbes.
- Polyeucte of Pierre Corneille.
- Stanzas on the various Christian virtues of Arnauld d' Andilly.
- Cassandre of Calprenède.
- famous women of Georges de Scudéry.
- Of the Virtue of pagan the , Mothe Vayer.
- Ibrahim or the Famous one Based , novel in 4 volumes of Miss de Scudéry.
See also: 1642 with the theater
- the incoronazione di Poppea , opera of Claudio Monteverdi.
Visual art & architecture
the Virgin and the Child , fabric of Hyre.
- the Meal of the peasants , the Return of the baptism , musical Meeting of Louis the Dwarf.
- Martyrdom of Jean saint the Evangelist , fabric of Charles Le Brun.
- time revealing the truth , fabric of Nicolas Chick.
- Rembrandt painted the Night round .
- Vault of the college Sant Ivo della Sapienza, Francesco Borromini.
- Castle of Houses and Hotel Lambert of François Mansart.
Science & technology
- Opening of the Channel of Briare.
Economy & company
Bankruptcy in Spain.
- Richelieu accumulated the fortune from 20 to 22 million books, largest of France.
- the Compagnie Dutchwoman of the Eastern Indies distributes 50% of dividends to its shareholders.
- French population (free and servile) reached 7000 people with the the Antilles (1642 - 1643). The Quebec counts only 300 inhabitants of French stock.
Births in 1642
- January 4th: Isaac Newton, physicist, Mathematician and Astronomer English.
- November 11th: Andre-Charles Boulle, cabinetmaker French, with Paris.
Death in 1642
- February 7th: Gregorio Allegri, monk and Italian type-setter (° towards 1582).
- July 3rd: Marie de Médicis, queen of France, with Cologne.
- August 18th: Guido Reni, painter and Italian decorator , known as the Guide, with Bologna.
- December 4th: Armand-Jean of Plessis, Cardinal of Richelieu, prelate and French statesman.
Be-X-old: 1642 Map-bms: 1642 Simple: 1642
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