This page relates to the year 1641 Gregorian Calendrier.
- April 1st: Proclamation of Amador Bueno, which refuses the crown offered by the tradesmen of São Paulo to the Brésil.
- May 20th: Jean de Quen discovers the Lac Midsummer's Day.
- June 13rd: Beginning of the first war franco-iroquoise. In spite of the many peace treaties which will stop the war, it will last 25 years.
- August 8th: Arrival of Jeanne Mance with the Canada with forty colonists to found City-Marie (Montreal). Maisonneuve will arrive at Tadoussac towards the September 20th.
- January 23rd: Beginning of the reign of the Manikongo Garcia II of Kongo (fine in 1660).
- Angola: The Dutchmen drive out the Portuguese and occupy the towns of Luanda and Benguela (1641 - 1648). The queen Jinga of Matamba takes their party.
- the marabout S of Dila, close to Khénifra, are Masters of the north of the Morocco after having overcome the sherif Saadien and the partisans of the marabout El-Ayachi.
- January 14th: The Dutch take Malacca with the Portuguese and prohibit the access of the English to the Moluques. They control all the passages between the Indian Ocean and the Pacifique (straits of Malacca, Lombok and the Sonde). This annexation weakens the sultans of Atjeh and Mataram.
- With the Japan, the Dutchmen are transferred from Hirado to Deshima. They hold the monopoly of import-export on the archipelago.
- Bad harvest in Europe related to the climate.
- May 20th: Died of Baner to Halberstadt. Guébriant takes the command of the Swedish troops while waiting for the arrival of Lennart Torstenson.
- June 25th: Victoire of Swedish, under the orders of Carl Gustaf Wrangel and of the count Hans Christoff von Königsmarck on the Austrians carried out by the archduke Léopold de Habsburg to Wolfenbüttel.
- 20 - August 25th: French naval Victoire on Spain with the Battle of Tarragone.
- Alliance of the United Provinces with the Sweden against the Denmark about the toll of the Sund.
- Last homage of the Prussia to Poland. The Voter Frederic-Guillaume Ier de Brandebourg is constrained to lend oath of allegiance to the castle of Warsaw.
- In Russia, the right to continue the peasants in escape is generalized, but limited to 15 years. The sale or the transfer of peasants is authorized.
February 15th: Triennial Act ; law instituting the regular convocation of the Parliament (every three years) and prohibiting its dissolution by royal prerogative (May).
- February 26th: William Laud is imprisoned.
- May 11th: Failure of plots aiming at dispersing the Long Parliament by the force, in May and November.
- May 12th: Death sentence and execution of Strafford, obtained by John Pym.
- May: The Lords must push back a bill excluding the bishops from any secular capacity, just as the abolition of the episcopate.
- July 5th: Law abolishing the jurisdictions of exception, in particular those of the spangled Room and the High Commission.
- August 7th: The Ship Money is declared illegal by the Parliament.
- October 22nd: Revolt Irish catholics against the Protestants in Ulster directed by O' Neill, Maguire and Mac Mahon. 8 000 English colonists are massacred. Catholics are massacred by Protestants with Antrim. Kilkenny becomes center of the Irish rebellion (1641 - 1649).
- November 23rd: The Parliament vote the Great Remonstrance with London, which requires the suppression of the ship-money and the religious innovations.
See also: First English revolution
See also: Irish confederated Wars
- 17 - January 23rd: Catalan Republic founded by Pau Claris, canon of Urgel.
- January 23rd: The the Cortes of Catalogne proclaim the forfeiture of Philippe IV of Spain and recognize Louis XIII count de Barcelone.
- January 26th: Victoire of the Free-Catalans on the Spaniards with the Battle of Montjuic.
- January 28th: The the Cortes of Portugal confirm the crown with Jean IV of Portugal.
- April: Adhesion of the Brazil to Jean de Bragance. Father Jesuit Antonio Veira, which made party of the messengers which brought to Lisbon the news of the rallying, is retained by Jean IV like advising. He will recommend moderation with regard to the new Christians, which will be worth to him a lawsuit near the Inquisition.
- June 12th: Truce enters the Portugal and the United Provinces. Loss of Angola to the profit of the Dutchmen.
- Offensive of Spain against Portugal, carried out without conviction, fault of means.
- independence Conspiracy in Andalusia, carried out by the duke of Medina Sidonia and the marquis de Ayamonte against the policy of Olivares.
- November: Beginning of the publication of the Gazeta de Lisboa , first Portuguese periodical.
- February 21st: Edict of Saint-Germain; Richelieu limit right of remonstrance of the Parliament of Paris.
- April 2nd: Treaty of Saint-Germain; Louis XIII restores his territories with Charles of Lorraine in exchange of a military aid against the Spain.
- April 28th: Returned with Épinal, Charles of Lorraine claims to have signed only under the constraint.
- June 1st: Treaty of alliance free-Portuguese of Paris.
- June 3rd: Lettre de cachets enjoignant with six prelates opposed to the financial requirements of Richelieu to withdraw itself in their diocese.
- July 6th: Battle of Marfée: Of all the revolts which continuously disturbed the ministry for the cardinal of Richelieu, that of the count de Soissons was most dangerous; it was supported by the duke of Bubble, great man of war, by the money of the king d' Espagne, and the troops of the Netherlands.
- July 8th: Treaty of Fibula with Honore II Grimaldi of Monaco. Louis XIII takes Monaco, Menton and Roquebrune under its protection. Honore II of Monaco accepts a French garrison but receives the title of Prince.
- July 9th: Louis de Bourbon, count of Soissons, revolted (supported by the duke of Bubble, Gondi and several officers of the courses sovereign), enters to France and beats the monarchical army with the Bataille of Marfée, close to Sedan. It is killed out of accidental death the same day, which puts an end to the conspiracy.
- September: Edict creating the ecu money or white ecu. The Book tournaments, which was worth 10,98 grams of fine money in 1602 fall to 8,33 but is stabilized for several decades.
- September 19th: Treaty of Louis XIII with the Catalan insurrectionists.
- October 12th: Reoccupying of the Lorraine .
- December 16th: Mazarin becomes cardinal by protection of Richelieu.
Art & culture
Literature & theater
- poetic Works of Desmarets de Saint-Sorlin.
- Ibrahim or the Famous one Based Miss de Scudéry.
See also: 1641 with the theater
- Ulysses , opera of Monteverdi.
- Selva morals E spirituale of Monteverdi.
Visual art & architecture
- Regents of the hospital Holy-Elisabeth , collective portrait of Frans Halls.
- the Night round : fabric of Rembrandt.
- the Club-footed person , fabric of Ribera.
- Venus in the forging mill of Vulcan and the Cart of Louis the Dwarf.
- Hercules embanking the horses of Diomède , fabric of Charles Le Brun.
- Portrait of Mr. Albert of Sweat.
- Portraits in bust of Richelieu , the Bernin.
- Jacques Sarrazin carves the caryatids for the house of the Clock to the Louvre, first example of French sculpture traditional.
Religion and Philosophy
- Foundation of the seminar of Saint-Sulpice by Jean-Jacques Olier de Verneuil.
- the Augustinus of the bishop of Ypres Jansénius, is condemned by the Inquisition (1641) then by the pope Urbain VIII (1642 - 1643).
- the French philosopher Rene Descartes publishes the Méditations metaphysics , philosophical work written in Latin, with six objections, in which it exposes his design of a " principle premier" philosophy: “Cogito ergo sum” (“I think, therefore I am”).
- Objections with the meditations of Descartes , Gassendi.
- Of the reform touching with the discipline of the Church and Reason of the government of the Church against the prelates , lampoons of John Milton.
Birth in 1641
- January 18th: Louvois, Secretary of State to the war of king de France, Louis XIV
- Andrea Lanzani, Italian painter (dubious date).
Death in 1641
- January 3rd: Jeremiah Horrocks, astronomer English
- January 11th: died of François Gomar theologist, with Groningue (born with Bruges in 1563).
- April 16th: Dominiquin ( Domenico Zampieri ), Italian painter (° October 21st 1581).
- July 6th: Louis of Bourbon-Soissons, count de Soissons, cousin of Louis XIII, with the Battle of Marfée.
- August 26th: Jean-Jacques Bouchard, writer Libertine French, author of the Confessions.
- September 21st: The father Etienne Martellange, architect of the Jesuits (1562-1641).
- December 9th: Antoine Van Dyck, painter and Flemish engraver, with London.
- December 13rd: Holy Jeanne de Chantal, religious Visitandine. (° January 23rd 1572).
- December 22nd: Maximilien de Béthune, duke of Sully, principal adviser of king de France, Henri IV.
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Guy of the Brush, botanist and doctor French.
Be-X-old: 1641 Map-bms: 1641 Simple: 1641
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