This page relates to the year 1635 Gregorian Calendrier.
- February 12th: Foundation of the Company of the islands of America.
- the Dutchmen take the Camp of the Good Jesus close to Recife (Brésil). The conquest of the Rio Grande (cattle-rearing area) is completed.
- Arrived of the French in Guadeloupe and Martinique.
- August 25th: Hurricane in the Bay of Narragansett.
- Foundation of the colony of the Connecticut (royal charter of the May 3rd 1632).
- Colonization of the Dominique by France.
- Of Norman is established with Cayenne.
- the Dutchmen take foot in Angola.
- India: From 1635, Shah Jahan subjects the sultanates of Golconde and Bijâpur. It beats the Bundelâ and seizes the fortress of Orchhâ.
- Thalun Min, king of Burma, transfers the capital from Pegu, envasée, with Ava (Mandalay).
- Japan: Establishment of the system of the sankinkôtai (stays regular of the Daimyô to Edo).
- the tsar of Russia sends to the khan Dzoungarie Erdeni-Baatour-kongtaïdji a charter authorizing the tradesmen oïrates to lead cattle to the markets of the Siberian cities. In 1635, five caravans arrive to Tomsk, which becomes a great shopping mall.
The Middle East
- victorious Countryside of the Othoman sultan Murat IV in Arménie.
- Murad IV fact of carrying out his/her brothers Bajazet (Bayezid) and Orcan, potential rivals.
- June 14th: Treaty of Polanów between the Poland and the Russia. Ladislas Vasa, although victorious, obtains only the territorial statute quo and definitively gives up becoming tsar.
- September 12th: Truce of Stumsdorf (Treated of Sztumska Wieś). Peace enters the Poland and the Sweden.
- Epidemics of Plague and Typhus in Germany (1635 - 1636).
- the dynasty of the Wolfenbüttel (Principality of Lunebourg) acquires the duchy of Brunswick (fine in 1918).
- Turbid with Villa Real, the Portugal.
- the Juifs Polish are shown of ritual murder by the Christians.
War Thirty Year old
- February 8th - April: Treaty of Paris: league France and United Provinces against the Spain envisaging the division of the Spanish Netherlands.
- Mars: The duke of Rohan is sent in Valteline with 12 000 men. The French of the duke of Rohan and the Grisons of Georg Jenatsch start to drive out of Valteline the Austrians and the Spaniards.
- March 28th: Invasion of the electorate of Trier by the Spaniards. The archbishop-voter, Philippe Christophe de Sötern is made prisoner and transferred to Vienna.
- April 28th: Treaty of Compiegne between France and the Sweden.
- May 19th: The France declares the war with the Spain and takes share directly with the Guerre Thirty Year old.
- May 20th: French success with Avein (Luxembourg).
- Fine May: The French royal troops, having beaten the cardinal-infant with the Netherlands, make their junction with the Dutch army close to Maastricht. They will be made repatriate in September.
- May 30th: Treaty of Prague between the emperor Ferdinand II and the Voter of Saxony, which agrees to recognize the electoral dignity of the Bavaria whereas the emperor suspends the application of the Édit of Restitution. The voter of Saxony obtains the Lusace definitively.
- July 11th: Treaty of Rivoli between the France, the dukes of Savoy, Parma, Modena and Mantoue against the Spain.
- In July, thanks to the logistics implemented by Sublet de Noyers, Secretary of State to the war, France puts in line 134 000 infantrymen and 26 000 riders, divided into 9 armies (Valteline, plain of the Po, Spanish Netherlands, Franche-Comté, Alsace, Trier, Basque Country, Roussillon). The fleet of the West includes/understands 38 vessels, 6 Brûlot S and 20 flutes. That of Raising 13 vessels and 12 galères.
- September: The emperor Ferdinand II declares the war in France because of his intervention in Franche-Comté.
- September 15th: The Spaniards occupy the islands of Lérins.
- October 27th: Treaty of Saint-Germain-in-Bush hammer between Louis XIII and Bernard of Saxony-Weimar. The French Treasury deals with the financing of the army of Saxony-Weimar.
- Bad harvest related to the climate. Heatwave (1635 - 1639).
- popular Insurrections in the provinces, against the lifting of the taxes (1635-1645).
- 14 - May 18th: Riots with Bordeaux, following lifting of taxation of the wine, make several deaths.
- June 15th: New riots with Bordeaux. The Duc of Epernon must destroy the barricades.
- June 24th: Schedule of the Cardinal of Richelieu, taken at the request of the king Louis XIII, granting to the Armenian France the freedom of the trade, allowing them “ to make come and bring with complete freedom, and safety of their dicts country in ports and harbor of Provence and others of this kingdom such quantity of soyes and austres goods that good will seem to them for selling to with it and outputting by paying the rights for this due to Its Majesty ”.
- 10 - September 11th: Early grape harvest in the north of the France.
- December 11th: Pierre Séguier becomes Chancelier of France (1635 - 1651 then 1656 - 1672)
Art & culture
- January 29th/February 10th: Creation of the French Academy with Paris, charged to defend French in his lexicon (dictionary) and its structure (grammar), to work out the rules of the various kinds (Poetic and Rhetoric), to assume a critical role and to reward the best authors. Conrard is the first secretary.
- April 23rd: Creation of the first American school, the Boston Latin Public School , followed by a University of theology, embryo of Harvard (1636).
- May 12th: University Jesuit of Trnava, in Slovakia, founded by Peter Pázmány.
- the Jésuites found the Collège of Quebec and open an elementary school for the young boys at the High-City of Quebec.
- Of representative poetry , Jean Chaplain.
- Mars Gallicus of Cornelius Jansen.
- Fiori musicali , collection of Girolamo Frescobaldi.
See also: 1635 with the theater
Jacques the Draper builds the church of the Sorbonne (fine in 1643).
- Mansart builds the wing of Orleans to the Château of Blois (fine in 1638) and begins the construction of the hotel of Vrillière in Paris (current Banque de France, end in 1645) which becomes the model of the Parisian hotels of the aristocracy during all the century.
- Philippe de Champaigne paints the Portrait of Richelieu .
- Chick painted the Removal of Sabines .
- Van Dyck paints the portrait of Charles Ier of England.
- the Immaculate Conception , center of the Retable of Augustines of Salamanque of Ribera.
Science & technology
- Mersenne founds a “Academia pariensis” (Academy of Science).
- Method of indivisible of Bonaventura Cavalieri.
- Publication of the royal Edict creating the Garden of the king in Paris.
Economy & company
- Tulipomanie : the speculation on the bulbs of tulip (1635 - 1637) shakes the Dutch financial system.
the News-France account less than 200 inhabitants.
- Lima account 26 441 inhabitants.
- Copenhagen account 25 000 inhabitants (60 000 in 1735).
the Spanish army counts a strong proportion of foreign mercenaries (74 regiments for 39 in the cavalry, 32 per 13 in the infantry).
- the receipts of the saving in France pass from 34 million in 1624 to 208 million in 1635 (expenditure of war).
Births in 1635
- July 18th: Robert Hooke, one of the largest experimental scientists of the seventeenth century († 1703).
- November 22nd: Francis Willughby, an ornithologist and a British ichthyologist († 1672).
- November 27th: Madam de Maintenon, mistress; then secret wife of Louis XIV († 1719).
Death in 1635
- August 7th: Friedrich Spee, German lyric poet (1591 -1635).
- August 27th: Lope de Vega, Spanish playwright (1562 -1635). Leader of the new comedy, it leaves 314 parts and one thinks that it wrote of them 800.
- December 25th: Samuel de Champlain.
Be-X-old: 1635 Map-bms: 1635
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