This page relates to the year 1630 Gregorian Calendrier.
- February 16th: Brazil, a forwarding financed by the Dutch Compagnie of the Western Indies takes Olinda, Pernambuco (current the Recife), and the coastal territories ranging between the island of Maranhão and the river São Francisco.
- the senhor of engenho Mathias de Albuquerque organizes the defense of Recife and all the coast. But the Dutchmen manage to unload in the north of the city, hustle the Portuguese and enter the city where Albuquerque destroyed 1700 sugar cases (March 1st). They occupy the area of Recife until in 1654.
- the Dutchmen, under the government of Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen (1637) will occupy their conquests several years and will make them thrive.
- the Marrane S of Pernambouc, favorable to the Dutchmen, are reinforced by the arrival of many immigrants come from Amsterdam. In 1640, the Juifs will be more numerous than the Christians.
March 22nd: The Colonie of bay of Massachusetts prohibits the games of chance.
- September 17th: Foundation of Boston by a group of puritan colonists.
- Rebellion of the Calchaquí against the Spanish domination in Argentinian (fine in 1637).
- Foundation of Merrymount in New England.
- Mozambique: Tender of the mwene Mutapa (Monomotapa) to the Portuguese.
- Congo (future Congo-Kinshasa: Shyaam has Mboul has Ngoong, king of Kouba (Kuba) brings back of Low-Congo the culture of the Maïs, of the Manioc, the Haricot S and the Tabac, weaving, the embroidery, of new styles of forging mill and woodcarving.
- the Peul S of the Macina, combined with the Bambara of Ségou, devastate what remains Empire of Mali.
Abd el Kerim, of Arab origin, converted with the Islam the Ouadaï (Chad). With the assistance of the tribes Maba, it reverses the sovereign Tondjour, animist and founds a new dynasty with for capital Ouara.
- total Destruction of the Buddhist kingdom Tibetan of Gugé under the blows of the invasion of the army of its neighbor Ladakhi, following the reception of the Christian missionaries by its king, considered to be too favorable by his/her brother, principal rival and Buddhist authority .
- Beginning of the persecution of the Christians with the Japan, following the revelations of the European wars of religion and the disastrous destiny of powerful the Kingdom of Gugé to the Tibet.
- the father Alexandre of Rhodos is expelled of the Tonkin. It takes refuge with Macao.
- Terrible famine with the Gujerat (1630 - 1631) due to a delay of.
- the Portuguese of Hooghly, who took taxation of the Tabac, captured children to make slaves of them and practiced forced conversions (Jesuits) are demolishes by the governor of the Bengal.
- Agreements between the Portuguese and the British S.
- July 6th: Gustave II Adolphe of Sweden unloads in Poméranie. The Sweden enters the Guerre Thirty Year old.
- July 20th: Catch of Stettin by the Swedes and of Saluces by the French.
- August: Return Albrecht von Wallenstein-Wallenstein under the pressure of the catholic Ligue by Ferdinand II.
- October 13rd: Treaty of Ratisbon negotiated by Brulart of Leon and the Father Joseph, favorable to the Empire: the Diet refuses to elect the son of the emperor king of the Romans. He is not recognized by Richelieu.
- September 28th - November 26th: Etienne III Bethlen tries to be essential as prince de Transylvanie.
- November: Beginning of the head office of Magdeburg.
- February 1st: Georges Ier Rákóczy becomes voïévode of Transylvania (fine in 1648). Protesting, Georges (György) Rakóczi takes again the fight against the domination of the Habsbourg in Western Hungary and maintains the independence of the Transylvania.
- Revolt of Rens in England (fine in 1638).
- Revolt of the Cossack S against the Poland.
- Tender of the Turks Yakoutes in Siberia by Russian.
- the Hanse, weakened by the Guerre Thirty Year old which has put an end to the trade Baltique is reduced to Lübeck, Bremen and Hamburg. This hard restricted union thirty-nine years, and the last diet of Hanse meets in 1669.
- Plague in Italy (1630 - 1632): the cities lose on average from 30 to 40% of their population in a fork of 10-15% (Florence and His) to 60-75% (Crémone and Mantoue).
- February 23rd: The French Army passes the Mount-Cenis.
- March 31st: Catch of Pignerol, key of the plain of the Po. Louis XIII refuses to return it to the Spain, choosing the war against the Habsbourg (April).
- May-July: Forwardings Frenchwoman starting from the Dauphine in Savoy and Piedmont. Catch of Chambéry.
- 17 - July 18th: Catch and plundering of Mantoue by the imperial ones.
- October 26th: Mazarin, in front of Casal, obtains a truce with the Spaniards of the marquis de Santa Croce with the catches with the royal troops of Schomberg, lower of number. France definitively imposes Charles III of Nevers on Mantoue (October).
- Victor-Amédée Ier (1587 - 1637) becomes duke of Savoy.
January 18th: The Conseil of the king is recomposed and includes/understands from now on the Council of the Businesses and the dispatches and the Board of Management or of Finances.
- January 29th: Meet Mazarin, sent of the Holy See, and Richelieu.
- February 27th: Revolts of the “Lanturlu” (vine growers) with Dijon.
- April 15th: the edict of Troyes (1st edict of Union) gathers Clermont and Montferrand to form Clermont-Ferrand.
In September, Louis XIII is with death. He cures in an unhoped-for way, which saves Richelieu disgrace.
- September 19th: Insurrection of the '' Cascaveou '' with Aix-en-Provence (end in December).
- 10 - November 11th: “Day of Dupes the” which modifies the foreign politics of France in the direction of Richelieu.
- Marie de Médicis, Gaston of Orleans and Anne of Austria, in front of the growing influence of Richelieu, tries to make it disgrace. Louis XIII, patient, promises the reference of the minister to them, but is charmed, after an interview with him with Versailles and delivers its enemies to him. Marie de Médicis must exile herself (Brussels, London, Cologne). The Minister of Justice Marillac, in favor of catholic peace and the resequencing of the kingdom, chosen by the queen mother to succeed Richelieu is stopped with Foglizzo (November 12th). His/her brother, the marshal of Marillac will be carried out (May 1632). Louis XIII, by choosing Richelieu, chooses the party of the war. The devout party, favorable to Spain, is eliminated.
- Charles of Aubespine becomes Minister of Justice (fine in 1633).
- Generalization of the institution of the separated police chiefs or intendants (1630 - 1635). Resulting from the noblesse de robe, they are charged to ensure the collection of the taxes in the provinces and to repress the revolts antifiscales.
- Prohibition of the Company of the Blessed Sacrament, caritative and moral secret society, because of its secret and clandestine character.
- Foundation of the secret Association of Aa by the father Jesuit Bagot.
Art & culture
- Works of Malherbe.
- new thoughts of Galileo of Mersenne.
- History of monarchy Francoise of Sorel.
- the Honest Man or Art To like the court of Nicolas Faret.
- the Plague with Ashdod , fabric of Nicolas Chick.
- Decoration of the Palate-Cardinal by Philippe de Champaigne and Simon Vouet.
- Visit of the Pope Nicolas V to the tomb of Saint François , fabric of Hyre.
- Charity , fabric of Jacques Blanchard (1630-1638).
- Forging mill of Vulcan , fabric of Vélasquez.
- Philippe IV of Spain order to Claude Lorrain a succession of large tables ( the Loading of holy Séraphine , the Loading of holy Paule , etc).
- Martyrdom of saint Barthelemy , fabric of Ribera.
See also: 1630 with the theater
Science & technology
- Niccolò Zucchi observes bands on the surface of Jupiter.
- Inauguration of the future hospital Laennec.
Economy & company
- 10 000 emigrants per annum leave the Spain.
- Project of the Father Joseph of use of the Russian road to circumvent the Turkish monopoly of trade with Raising.
- 830 000 Protestants in the kingdom of France.
- the military navy of the kingdom of France counts forty ships.
- Bad harvests in Scandinavia.
- the Swedish national army is made up of 30 000 infantrymen and 6000 riders, reinforced by the German mercenaries. The armament is sophisticated: the mousquet is shortened, the cartridge allows a faster loading, small guns of 55 kg are of a great mobility. The line of fire is extended by the provision in mean order (three rows instead of ten).
- the Firmbrandt Dutchman installs a velvet manufacture in Russia.
Births in 1630
- May 29th: Charles II, king d' Angleterre († 1685)
- July 19th: Daniele Crespi, Italian painter mannerist of the school lombarde. (° 1597).
Death in 1630
- January 26th: Henry Briggs, English mathematician specialist in the Logarithm S (° 1561)
- May 9th: Clutched of Aubigné, writer French.
- November 15th: Johannes Kepler, German astronomer.
- November 19th: Johann Hermann Schein, German musician (1586-1630), Master of the profane cantata.
Be-X-old: 1630 Map-bms: 1630 Simple: 1630
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