This page relates to the year 1627 Gregorian Calendrier.
- April 29th: The Cardinal of Richelieu creates the Compagnie of the Hundred-Associates to colonize the Canada. It is a private company aiming at contributing to the efforts of colonization (and which held the monopoly of the draft of the furs). The company had the duty to bring 300 colonists per year until in 1643. It obtains the News-France (Acadie and the St. Lawrence) as seigniory (beginning of the mode seigneurial) and the perpetual monopoly of the exploitation of the furs. Its program will be paralyzed by the hostilities between the France and the England.
- Morocco: The marabout Abou Hassan founds an independent principality in the Under and the Anti-Atlas. At the same time, the Morisques, established with the mouth of the Bou Regreg, found a republic oligarchical corsair independent of Marrakech.
- Việt Nam : Wars of the dynasty the with the Việt Nam against the Mạc of CAD Bằng and the Nguyễn of Huế (fine in 1673).
- Indonesia: Resistance of the inhabitants of the islands Bandaged with the collection of spices by the Dutchmen. The Coen governor acts with violence. In the islands Lontor, Run and Rosegrain, the Dutchmen exterminate almost all the male population and reduce the women and the children in slavery.
- China: Beginning of the reign of Abaqaï, king of the Mandchous (fine in 1643)
- the Mandchou S invade the Korea.
- Beginning of the reign of Shâhryâr, emperor Moghol of the the Indies (fine in 1628).
- Jahângîr, which tried to increase its states in the north of the India is overcome by its general revolted against the intrigues of Nûr Jahân, Mahabat Khan. The emperor is made prisoner with the Cachemire. His wife Nûr Jahân escapes and tries to rejoin troops, then is made captive in her turn. She manages to escape with Jahângîr and to join an important army of partisans, but the emperor dies the September 28th. His/her Shâhryâr son, pushed by Nûr Jahân proclaims emperor with Lahore. Asaf Khan, father-in-law of Khurram walk on Lahore where it overcomes Shâhryâr of which it bursts the eyes.
- Wallenstein continues Mansfeld and invades the Jutland after having occupied the Poméranie and the Mecklembourg. The emperor requires the transfer of Jütland and the payment of heavy allowances to the Denmark.
September 4th: The Turks sign a treaty with the German emperor Ferdinand III.
- November 21st: Ferdinand III becomes king of Bohemia (fine in 1657).
- November 28th: naval victory of the Poles over the Swedes with the Battle of Oliwa, close to Danzig.
- the converse Portuguese are again authorized to emigrate in Spain by Olivares, which uses their money.
- Spinola is recalled Netherlands to Madrid.
- In England, lawsuit in imprisonment of the “Five Knights” of the Middlesex to have struck of the tax.
- Poland: Riots anti-Protestant women with Lublin.
- Russia: Extension of the capacities and competences of the magistrates and the local courts to the detriment of those of the voïévodes (governor principal).
Constitution renewed of the Bohemia imposed by Ferdinand on the “renewed states”, i.e. only catholic by the expulsion of the Protestants. One leaves them the financial and legal prerogatives, but they lose the privilege to elect the king. The crown of Bohemia becomes hereditary in the family of the Habsbourg; the king affirms his absolute preponderance on the Diet. He has only the right of convocation, proposes the novel members and names the large officers. The Catholic religion is only authorized until in 1781. A similar constitution is applied in Moravie.
- February 24th: Enclose Assemblée of notable the to the Tuileries.
- June 21st: François de Montmorency-Bouteville and Of the Vaults is carried out to be beaten in duel place Royale in spite of the prohibition of Richelieu.
- June 30th: War enters the England and the France. The English, anxious to protect the calvinists from La Rochelle, unload in the Ile de Ré (July). It establish by the Rohan-Soubise, an active alliance with Rochelais.
- July 20th: Unloading of the English on the Ile de Ré.
- August 30th: Pierre de Bérulle is named cardinal.
- September 10th: Richelieu takes pretext of the pact between La Rochelle and the England for to besiege the city and to destroy the Protestant power .
- December 26th: Died without direct heir to the duke Vincent II of Mantoue. Its principality must return to Franco-Italian, Charles III of Nevers, house of Gonzague, which opposes Louis XIII to the Savoy, to the Spain and the emperor Ferdinand II. The problem of a strategic reversal is posed. Two parties are opposed, the “Good French” (Richelieu) and the “excessively pious people” hispanophiles (Marillac). Preambles of the War of succession of Mantoue.
- Many “popular esmotions”, of various nature and gravity (1627 - 1628).
- Port-Royal-of-Fields is detached by the pope of the jurisdiction of Cîteaux and submitted to the archbishop of Paris.
- Foundation of the Company of the Blessed Sacrament.
- Hebraic Printing works of the rabbi Menasseh Ben Israel (1604-1657) with Amsterdam.
- Japan: The emperor Go-Mizunoo loses the right to name the monks with the head of the large temples.
Art & culture
- Quarrel of Prose (Guez de Balzac).
- Advis to draw up a library Gabriel Naudé.
- the extravagant Shepherd of Charles Sorel.
- Of the seraphic perfection of Joseph of Tremblay.
- Chrysilite or the secrecy of the Novels of Mareschal.
- the Dreams , poems of Quevedo.
- Publication of the News Atlantis , philosophical novel of Francis Bacon.
- Heinrich Schütz composes Daphné , the first German opera.
- the Escape in Egypt , fabric of Rembrandt.
- the three Angels of Philippe de Champaigne.
- Louis XIII points out the painter Simon Vouet of Rome.
- Mausoleum of Jahangir to Lahore.
Science & technology
- Tabulae Rudolfinae (Tables rudolfines), of Kepler.
- the wild last auroch identified is killed in the forest of Jaktorów, in Poland.
Economy & company
- Bad harvests repeated in China of the North-West. Food shortage with the Shaanxi (1627 - 1628).
- Series of bad harvests in France (1627 - 1629).
- Bankruptcy in Spain.
- the Fugger make bankruptcy with Augsburg.
- the industrial activity with Augsburg lowers 9/10° between 1627 and 1635. Between 1627 and 1637, six epidemics will make disappear 30 000 inhabitants with Augsburg.
- the closing of the mouth of the the Vistula by the Swedes (1627 - 1630) is reflected on cereal exports of the Eastern Germany (Dantzig).
Births in 1627
- February 19th: The Marathe Shivaji. It establishes a kingdom independent on the coast of the Konkan, with fronts stations with Coromandel and Mysore.
- April 9th: Jean Sobiepan Zamoyski, soldier Polish († April 2nd 1662)
- May 29th: Anne Marie Louise of Orleans, known as the Large Miss
- September 27th: Jacques Benign Bossuet, writer and French man of the church
- November 29th: John Ray, English naturalist († 1705)
Death in 1627
May 24th: Shine of Gongora there Argote, poet Spanish
- June 3rd: Marie de Bourbon, duchess of Montpensier
- August 19th: Henri de Talleyrand-Périgord, count de Chalais, French aristocrat, conspirator
- August 21st: Jacques Mauduit type-setter and lutist (° 1557)
- October 27th: Charles Loyseau (°1566)
- October 28th: Jahangir, Mongolian emperor of the India
- December 26th: Vincent II of Mantoue, noble Italian, duke of Mantoue and Montferrat (° February 8th 1594, 33 years)
Be-X-old: 1627 Map-bms: 1627 Simple: 1627
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