This page relates to the year 1623 Gregorian Calendrier.
- March 7th: the Viceroy Diego Carrillo de Mendoza Pimentel orders there the beginning of work of drainage of Mexico City.
- an English colony is founded in the New Hampshire in North America.
- Angola: Jinga of Matamba poisons his/her brother the ngola Ndongo and takes again the fight against the Portuguese. After thirteen years of hard combat, it will be reconciled with the Portugal.
- Massacre of Amboine: the governor of Amboine Hermann van Speult, under the pretext of a plot anti-Dutch, makes stop, torture and carry out nineteen foreigners, including nine English. The English are expelled of the the West Indies by the Dutchmen. They must from now on indirectly get spices by the relay of Makassar (Célèbes).
India: According to the legend, the queen of the Ullal, Rani Abbakka, would have pushed back the Portuguese.
- Saigon is yielded to the Vietnam by the king of the Kampuchea.
- Beginning of the government of the Shogun Iemitsu Tokugawa with the Japan (fine in 1651).
The Middle East
- September 10th: Beginning of the Othoman sultanate of Murat IV (fine in 1640).
- Mustafa Ier is again deposited by the Janissaire S. the deposed sultan is walked in the capital under the laughter before being carried out. Murat IV reigns under the supervision of his/her mother Kösem. It will restore the authority in the second part of its reign.
- February 7th: Treaty of Paris; alliance of the France, the Savoy and Venice to withdraw the Valteline from the ambition of the Spaniards.
- February 23rd: With Ratisbon, the electoral dignity of Frederic V of Palatinat is transferred to the duke Maximilien Ier from Bavaria.
- August 6th: Tilly invades Lower Saxony with the army of the Catholic Ligue and crushes Brunswick with the Bataille of Stadtlohn the August 6th. The circle of Lower Saxony makes peace with the emperor.
- August 14th: Alexandre the Child becomes voïévode of Valachie (fine in 1627).
- Mansfeld occupies the Eastern Frise.
- Treated protection of Sedan.
- the Poland pay a tribute with the Tartar of the Crimea to avoid the invasion.
- French Embassy with Moscow to deal with an alliance of reverse against the Poland and the Habsbourg.
- the Inquisition imposes the closing of the closed Maisons in Spain.
- January 23rd: Brûlart de Sillery becomes Chancelier of France (1623 - 1624)
- January: Vieuville becomes superintendent of finances.
- September 1st: National synod of the reformed Churches with Charenton.
- January 31st: The pope Gregoire XV tolerates the “rites malabares”, inaugurated by Nobili to try to christianize the castes hindouists.
- July 19th: Fifty-five cardinal enters in Conclave to Rome, to elect a successor with the Pape Gregoire XV, deceased the July 8th.
- August 6th: The cardinal Maffeo Barberini, descendant of a noble florentine family, is elected pope, and by accepting its election it takes the name of Urbain VIII. (end of the Pontificate in 1644).
Reform of the monasteries of the orders of Saint-Augustin, Saint-Beno4it cheese, Cluny, and Cîteaux.
Art & culture
- Creation of the University of Altdorf.
- the Université of Vienna is joined together with the college Jesuit. The studies are organized according to the plan of holy Ignace and from the famous professors come to teach there.
- the Pope intends the Congrégation of the Oratory, introduced in France by Bérulle, to take in hand education.
- Speech of the estat and the sizes of Jesus of Bérulle.
- the Doctrines curious about the beautiful spirits of this time of François Parked.
- comic History of Francion , picaresque novel of Charles Sorel.
- tragic Loves of Pyrame and Thisbé of Theophilus de Viau.
- Of augmentis scientiarum , Francis Bacon .
- Nouvelle edition of the Tragiques of Clutched of Aubigné.
- New Cynée, or Speech of Estat representing the occasions and means of establir a general peace and the freedom of the trade by everyone of Emeric Cruce (Émeric of the Cross, 1590 - 1648). He claims a fraternal and universal state.
- Resurrection , oratorio of Heinrich Schütz.
- Wallenstein makes undertake great municipal work with Jicin and Prague.
- Diego Vélasquez settles with Madrid and becomes the painter of the Court of Philippe IV of Spain.
See also: 1623 with the theater
Science & technology
- Invention of an arithmetic machine by Wilhelm Schickard (the machine burned in a fire)
Economy & company
- monetary Crisis in Austria ( Münzcalada ). Devaluation due to the emission of balks and inflation.
- Last great local famine in Cumbrie (England).
- a Statute of the British Parliament declares no one any conceded monopoly of the only fact of the king.
Births in 1623
Death in 1623
- January 15th: FRA Paolo Sarpi Italian historian, with Venice (born in 1552).
- March 25th: Henri of the Tower of Auvergne, duke of Bubble to Sedan (1555 -1623)
- April 21st: Nicolas Coëffeteau, theologist and writer French (Castle-of-Dormouse, the Sarthe, 1574 - Paris, 1623).
- July 4th: William Byrd, Type-setter and Organist English.
- July 8th: Gregoire XV ( Alessandro Ludovisi ), 234 ème Pope of the Catholic church.
- November 11th: Philippe Duplessis-Mornay, theologist and politician huguenot, former governor of Saumur.
- November 12th: Josaphat Kuntsevych, archbishop Uniate of Polotsk, assassinated by the Orthodoxe .
- Masaniello, fisherman, at the origin of a anti-Spanish revolt with Naples in 1647.
- Tulsî Dâs Hindu poet (1543 -1623).
- Alonso de Ledesma, Spanish poet.
Be-X-old: 1623 Map-bms: 1623 Simple: 1623
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