This page relates to the year 1617 Gregorian Calendrier.
- Arrived of Louis Hébert, first farmer of the colony of the Quebec and its wife, Marie Rollet, like their three children, “the true father of the Québécois people”, which become then prosecutor of the king. Apparently, Louis Hébert had visited the News-France in 1604 and 1613 before deciding to be established there.
- English Counter with Manhattan.
- the colonists of Virginia dispatch the first loading of Tabac bound for the England.
- Introduction in Virginia of the Indenture , temporary contract of constraint, by which a man commits himself working for one limited time on the grounds of a colonist in exchange of his voyage and obtaining a ground in freehold at the end of the contract. The contract spreads at the point to relate to a third of the population of New England. These servants under contracts, men and women, travel under appalling conditions and are sold on their arrival like slaves.
- Creation of the port of Benguela in Angola by the Portuguese. They do not penetrate inside the grounds, occupied by the Ovimbundu, that towards the end of the century.
- At the beginning of the 17th century, the port of Saint-Paul de Loanda develops because it is near mines of money and many tribes where slaves are recruited.
- Creation of satellite kingdoms to the Lounda (Angola).
The Middle East
- November 22nd: Beginning of the first sultanate Othoman of Mustafa Ier, known as the Idiot (fine in 1618).
- Series of spring and fresh summers and late grape harvest of 1617 with 1650 (1618 - 1621, 1625 - 1633, 1640 - 1643, 1647 -1650). Bad harvest in Europe related to the climate.
- Return of the Plague in France (end in 1625).
- Dryness in Spain (Valladolid, Valence).
- February 27th: The Traité of Stolbovo (or Peace of Stolbowa) negotiated by Axel Oxenstierna puts an end to the war between the Russia and the Sweden. It confirms in Sweden the possession Estonia, adds the Ingrie, the Karelia (except Ladoga) and the river Neva. Sweden restores Novgorod, but Russia is cut of any direct access to the Baltique and must pour a war indemnity. Reciprocal freedom of trade.
- April 6th: Beginning of a forwarding of the crown prince to Poland Ladislas Vasa against Moscow. It is a failure concluded the December 11th 1618 by the Traité from Deulino.
- June 5th: Ferdinand II of Styrie is elected king of Bohemia. Convinced catholic, disciple of the Jésuites, it becomes the secular arm of the Counter-Reformation, which will start the Guerre Thirty Year old. Elected official king de Bohême by surprise, it leaves Prague, transfers the chancellery from Bohemia to Vienna and leaves in Prague only one regency of ten lieutenants.
- June 29th: Crowning of Ferdinand II as king of Bohemia to the cathedral Guy Saint with Prague
- September 13rd - October 9th: Treaty of Pavia concluded between the ambassador from France, Béthune and Gift Pedro de Tolède, general captain of king d' Espagne to settle the disagreements between the Savoy and Mantoue. Verceil, occupied by the Spaniards is restored with the duke of Mantoue.
- October 12th - October 22nd: Crowning of Gustave II Adolphe of Sweden as king of Sweden to Uppsala
- Treated Oñate: Philippe III of Spain obtains the transfer of the Alsace in exchange of its renunciation of the empire (this treaty will not be applied). Oñate, ambassador of Spain with Vienna, advises the emperor Mathias Ier.
- the prerogatives of the Swedish Diet (Riksdag) are defined: it is made up of four orders (clergy, nobility, middle-class man, peasants). Its decisions become necessary to establish new laws, to declare the war, to make peace, to raise taxes or troops.
- dominating Influence of George Villiers, duke of Buckingham at the court of England.
- theological Quarrel and political crisis in Holland (fine in 1619) between gomarists (orthodoxe calvinists) and arminiens (tolerant, therefore regarded as pro-catholic and pro-Spanish). Execution of Oldenbarnevelt at the 72 years age (May 13rd 1619). The boarder of Rotterdam, Hugo de Groot (Grotius), compromised, must exile in France.
- January 17th: Parliament of large noble with Soissons: open letter with the king showing Concini plundering of the treasure.
- Mars: Three royal armies oppose that of Large.
- April 12th: The count of Auvergne takes Soissons.
- April 24th: Albert de Luynes, favorite of Louis XIII organizes the assassination of Concino Concini by Vitry, the captain of the guards. The king takes in hand the businesses of the State. Richelieu is returned. Luynes, named constable, seizes the power. Léonora Galigaï is condemned to death.
- May 3rd: Marie de Médicis is exiled with Blois.
- July 8th: Léonora Galigaï is carried out.
- : Vincent of Paul is named cleaned of Châtillon-of-Dombes the where takes place the first meeting of the Benefactresses (August 23rd).
- 4 - December 26th: Parliament of notable convened with Rouen: she draws up an edict of reform of the State, limiting the royal capacity which was not applied.
- Guillaume of Squirrel fur becomes Chancelier of France and bishop of Lisieux (fine in 1621).
- Pierre Jeannin becomes again Surintendant of finances (fine in 1619).
- the father Joseph founds with Mrs. Antoinette of Orleans-Longueville, nun with the Abbaye of Fontevraud, the congregation of the Filles of the Martyrdom, which it installs in Paris in 1621.
Art & culture
- September 23rd: Creation of the Academy of Samuel Coster with Amsterdam.
- the ordinance of Örebro interdict with the Swedish students to follow courses in the Polish universities.
- the Adventures of the baron de Faeneste of Clutched of Aubigné.
- loneliness of Saint-Lover.
- Aristarchus of Martin Opitz.
Heinrich Schütz becomes choirmaster of the voter of Saxony.
- Girolamo Frescobaldi composes Toccatas and Riceracis .
Jean Androuet of the Hoop becomes architect of king de France.
- Creation of the Hospital of charity with Lyon (1617-1633).
See also: 1617 with the theater
Science & technology
- Henry Briggs publishes his Logarithmes at decimal base .
Economy & company
- Reduction in interest rates in Spain.
- the exploitation of the Tabac becomes a major industry in North America.
- the use of the tobacco is spread in England.
Births in 1617
Death in 1617
- January 1st: Hendrik Goltzius, painter and engraver Dutch
- February 6th: Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist (° 1553)
- February 11th: Giovanni Antonio Magini, 61 years, astronomer, astrologer, cartographer, mathematician and university Italian. (° June 13rd 1555).
- March 21st: Pocahontas, Amerindian princess and figure celebrates of one of the first North-American myths (supposed date)
- April 4th: John Neper (John Napier), Scottish mathematician, discoverer of the Napierian logarithms (1614).
- April 24th: Concino Concini .
- May 7th: Jacques-Auguste de Thou, French writer.
- June 27th: Giovanni Botero, known as Benisius, writer Italian mercantilist (1540 -1617).
- September 25th: Francisco Suárez, philosopher and theologist Spanish Jesuit of the School of Salamanque.
- Theodore Marcile, humanistic of Flemish origin (1548 -1617).
- Louis Finson, known as Finsonius, Flemish painter (Bruges, v. 1580 - Amsterdam, 1617).
- Lodewijk Elzevir, bookseller and printer (Leuwen, v. 1540 - Leyde, 1617).
- Antoine Loysel: celebrate French jurisconsult, raises Cujas.
Be-X-old: 1617 Map-bms: 1617 Simple: 1617
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