This page relates to the year 1615 Gregorian Calendrier.
- January 1st: Beginning of a three years monopoly of the Nieuw-Nederland Company on the New-Country-Low.
- June 2nd: Arrived of the Récollets of Rouen at the Quebec (the first missionaries are the father Denis Jamet, Jean Dolbeau, Joseph Charon and the brother Pacifique Duplessis); they build a house and a vault.
- June 14th: Departure of Texel (Netherlands) of the forwarding of Willem Schouten and Jacob the Mayor towards the Cape Horn and Java.
- September 16th: Juan of mow Cabezas Altamirano, old bishop of the Guatemala (Santiago of Guatemala) is named bishop of Arequipa, with the Peru.
- November 4th: With the Brazil, the Portuguese, ordered by Jeronimo de Albuquerquo, after the Battle of Guaxenduba, drives out the French and seizes the fort of San Luis of Maranhão, forcing Daniel of the Key, lord of Ravardière, founder since 1612 of the French colony of the equinoctial France, on the island of Maranhão, to capitulate.
- November 25th: Samuel de Champlain becomes general lieutenant of the News-France (current Canada). Under the protection of the prince de Condé, it organizes a company which is committed transporting annually six families of settlers overseas. The clause will not be carried out.
- February 10th: The admiral Dutch Pieter Both, general governor of the the Indies Dutchwomen, made shipwreck with the height of the Bay of the Tomb (Mauritius).
- May: Summer campaign of the Head office of Ōsaka.
- June 4th: Catch of the castle of Osaka to the Japan by Ieyasu Tokugawa. Fall of the Toyotomi family. Beginning of the period Tokugawa.
- the Bakufu (Japanese government) reserves the right to grant licenses of voyage.
- the Dutchmen seize the Island to the Spices (the Moluques) which belonged to the Portuguese.
- Arrived at Tourane (Vietnam) of the Jesuits Portuguese Francesco Busomi and Diego Carvalho.
- Moghols subject Mevâr but fail in Assam.
- Sir Thomas Roe becomes ambassador of Jacques Ier of England at the court of Jahangir (fine in 1618).
- Dissolution of the Council of the Indies to the Portugal.
- January 30th: The Japanese embassy of Tsunenaga Hasekura meets Philippe III of Spain to Madrid.
- May 6th: Peace of Tyrnau between the emperor Matthias Ier of the Holy roman Empire and Gabriel Bethlen officially recognized by the emperor like prince de Transylvanie, in exchange of the secret engagement of Bethlen to support Habsbourg against the Turks.
- June 21st: treaty of Silk: peace enters the Spain and the Savoy about the Montferrat.
- November 25th: Marriage of Elisabeth de France and the Prince of Asturies, future Philippe IV of Spain.
- November: Tsunenaga Hasekura arrives at Rome and meets the pope Paul V.
- Treated Vienna (1615 - 1616) between the Door and the Holy Empire which confirms the territorial status quo and double sovereignty on the Transylvania.
- Agreement between the cardinal Frederic Borromée and the governor of Milan respecting the interests of the Church.
- Sir Edward Coke, defender of the Common law , is opposed to the king Jacques Ier of England in the business Bonham .
- the the Orkneys are attached to the British Crown.
- Following a report/ratio drawn up by the lawyer Hugo Grotius, the Jewish community of Amsterdam receives officially the civil capacity, without major restrictions, except for the prohibition of the marriage with Christians and critics against the dominant faith. Communities are formed with $the Hague, Rotterdam and Maarsen.
- the Séfarade of Amsterdam Joseph Pardo founds with the imitation of Venice the Santa Companhia of dotar orfàs E donzelas pobres , of Saint-Jean-with-Luz with Dantzig. All the Western Jewish communities send their contributions (searches and wills) towards Amsterdam which are redistributed with neediest by the council of the Parnassim.
- July: Failure of Gustave II Adolphe of Sweden in front of Pskov. Offer mediation of the emperor of Germany Mathias Ier.
- War with the Kyrgyz the Top Ienisseï (fine in 1650).
- Election of new a Zemski sobor . He becomes a regular National Assembly. The Douma of the boyards remains the private council of the tsar.
- Vote of an extraordinary contribution (20% of tax and real estate tax of 120 roubles by tenure).
- February 23rd: Closing of the General states, the last before 1789. The capacity of Marie de Médicis is reinforced.
- the edict of expulsion of the Juifs of the September 17th 1394 is renewed (it was applied neither in Guyenne, nor with Metz).
- March 28th: The Parliament of Paris, inspired by Cop, claims to reconstitute the curia governed and to impose to the king permanent control aristocracies of dress and sword. He protests against the wasting of finances, the monopolization of the places by foreigners (Concini), the abandonment of Protestant alliances, the incompetence and the corruption of the administration… The May 13rd, the king means at the Parliament to give up its claims but preserves the annual right to the officers and postpones the abolition of the venality of the offices.
- July 7th: Decennial Parliament of the clergy of France: it decides the application of the decrees of the Concile of Thirty, expressing its independence with regard to the temporal power.
- August 9th: Revolt Condé which converges with the parliamentary opposition and publication of a proclamation.
- September 10th: Royal declaration against the rebels and their chiefs.
- October 18th: Marriage of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria by procuration with Burgos.
- November 9th: “Exchange of the princesses” between France and Spain on the Bidassoa.
- November 21st: Louis XIII wife Anne of Austria (1601-1666), girl of Philippe III of Spain to Bordeaux.
- December 2nd: Louis III of Own way, archbishop of Rheims, Even of France, is created cardinal by the Pape Paul V.
- Mutio Vitelleschi becomes appointed general of the Society of Jesus (fine in 1645). The Society of Jesus directs more than 400 colleges to Europe. It is composed of 13 000 fathers, 37 provinces and 400 houses.
- True Christianity , of the pietist Jean Arndt.
Arts & Cultures
- Agrippa of Aubigné completes its Tragiques , continuation of poems on the persecution of the Huguenot S.
- Harangues with the State-Generals of 1614 of the Cardinal of the Perron.
- Second part of the Don Quichotte of Cervantes.
- Carryforward , of Sir Edward Coke (1600-1615), which presents the whole of the “ Common law , system of habits resting on jurisprudence and laws written by the British Parliament ( Statutes ).
- Philippiques of Modénais Tassoni.
- Sacrae Symphoniae , of Gabrielli.
- Construction of the Palate of Luxembourg by Solomon de Brosse (fine in 1630).
- Japan: The painter Sôtatsu bases a village on his field of Takagamine and gathers artists and craftsmen there. He and the calligrapher Kôetsu carry out enluminés rollers which count among most beautiful works of Japanese painting.
See also: 1612 with the theater
- Publication of the fourth edition of the Henry Code by Barnabe Buisson to see volume
Sciences & technology
- Italian Fausto Veranzio improves the suspension of the cars.
- the engineer Solomon de Caus exposes the theory of the expansion and the condensation of the vapor and described a machine based on these principles.
Economy & company
- Antoine de Montchrestien writes his Traité political economy : manufacturing and maritime policy, protectionism…
- Dryness with Valence (Spain).
- Freezing of olive-trees in Languedoc.
- Taken again moderate of the agricultural wages in the Paris region with index 110,5 (cf 1601, 1625).
- the Danish army becomes national and permanent.
- 1,7 million inhabitants in Bohemia.
- the Café is introduced in Italy since the Turkey.
- First reference of English language to the The.
- the average consumption of Tabac in England passes 30 grams per capita in 1615, with 900 grams in 1700.
Births in 1615
Death in 1615
- February 4th: Giambattista beyond Carried, physicist and Italian writer (Naples, 1534 -1615). Inventor of the Darkroom with lens, of the first projectors, a rudimentary Thermometer, and undoubtedly of the principle of the glasses of Galileo; one owes him several comedies and a synoptic work on the scientific knowledge of the time.
- May 27th: Marguerite de Valois.
- September 1st: Etienne Pasquier, lawyer, humanistic and historian (1529-1615), author of the Research of France (1560-1615).
- December 19th: Juan of mow Cabezas Altamirano, religious Spanish, bishop of Arequipa, with the Peru, and old bishop of Santiago of Cuba (1602-1610) and the Guatemala (Santiago of Guatemala (1610-1615)).
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Louis Merezeau (1559-1615), French architect, author of the large gallery of the Louvre and the Royal Place (Place of the Vosges).
- Edward Wright, English cosmographer (1558-1615), inventor of the groundwork of the charts with increasing latitudes.
Nûr ud-DIN Mohammad Zuhûrî, Persan poet, with Bijâpur.
Be-X-old: 1615 Map-bms: 1615 Simple: 1615
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