This page relates to the year 1608 Gregorian Calendrier.
- January 7th: Set fire to Jamestown (Virginia).
- March 16th: The Jésuites obtain the right to found the reductions Paraguay.
- July 3rd: The French explorer Samuel de Champlain founds the Habitation of Quebec, capital of the Quebec, with the Canada, to trade with the Huron and the Algonquins. “The establishment counts 28 people. During the winter, 20 of the 28 men die”.
- July 29th: Samuel de Champlain and its men faces the Iroquois with the site of the future Fort Chime, today Crown Point, New York.
- Samuel de Champlain concludes an alliance with the Huron . In full war, Champlain and its 60 allied deal with 200 Iroquois. Champlain directs its arquebus and fact fire on one of the Iroquois. Two are killed. Iroquois are terrified.
- March 18th: The Négus Sousnéyos is crowned with Aksoum.
- the Portuguese of Luanda run up in their progression against the savage resistance of the Ngola of the Ndongo and against that of his/her sister, Jinga of Matamba (fine in 1620).
- August 24th: Arrival of representatives of the English Company of the Eastern Indies with Surat (Gujarat) in India. The captain of forwarding John Hawkins obtains Jahangir the right to open an establishment with Surat, but the merchants of the city oppose it. The English exert reprisals on the ships which made trade with Surat and the coasts of the Red Sea.
The Middle East
the Pasha of the Sea thinks of sending galères against the Russian pirates of the Black Sea. One advises to him to send rather caiches , more effective against the light boats.
- March 7th: Beginning of the tyrannical reign of Gabriel Báthory in Transylvania (fine in 1613).
- April 19th: The confederation of the states of Hungary, Austria and Moravie defines its program; respect of the treaties of 1606, justice and legality. It constitutes a revolutionary face of opposition. The archduke Mathias, combined with the orders, is in direct opposition with his brother the emperor Rodolphe II. This one signs the treaty of Stara Libena (June 26th) with the orders of Bohemia.
- May 12th: Formation of the evangelic Union of the princes and towns of Germany.
- April - May: Failure of the brothers of the tsar Dimitri II and Basile Chouïski in front of the Second forgery Dimitri. Five thousand soldiers capitulate and lend oath to the new applicant, who reaches the surroundings of Moscow (Touchino), in June.
- In July, 20 000 Poles directed by prince Sapieha arrive in Russia to support the Second forgery Dimitri.
- July 15th: A truce between Russia and the king of Poland is signed it on the basis of status quo territorial. Chouiski, to be maintained, must call upon the Sweden ( November).
- November 19th, War of the brothers in Hungary: The emperor Rudolph II yields the Hungary to his brother Mathias (1608 - 1612).
- From 1608, prelates and barons sit at the Table (Room) of the tycoons to the Hungarian Diet and the 104 noble deputies of the 52 comitats, like those of the low clergy and the cities, with the Coffee table, which counts some 300 deputy. This assembly peerage-book preserves vis-a-vis it royal capacity the privileges of noble (in particular legal and tax), the autonomy of the comitats, the control of the peasants, as well as the prerogatives of the Diet as a guarantor of the national Constitution.
- E. Illésháry becomes palatine of Hungary.
- Robert Cecil becomes the main thing adviser of Jacques Ier of England (fine in 1612).
- very hard Winter in the South of France. The the Rhone is cold.
- the father Jesuit Coton becomes confessor of the king Henri IV of France (“ Jarnicoton ! ”).
- April: Discovered of a plot against the king.
- July - August: Failure of the negotiations for the marriage between Christine of France and Gift Carlos of Spain.
- political Parliament of the Protestants with Jargeau.
- Arrived of the Ursuline S at Paris.
- Beginning of the reform of the abbey of Port-Royal-of-Fields by the mother Angelica Arnauld, after the sermon of the father Basile.
Art & culture
- Girolamo Frescobaldi becomes the salaried organist of Saint-Pierre of Rome.
- Daphne , opera of Marco da Gagliano is played Mantoue.
- Arianna , opera of Monteverdi.
- January 1st: Inauguration of the gallery which connects the Louvre to the Tuileries.
- Opening of housing for submission to artists of elite in the large gallery of Louvre.
- Opening of the Hotel of Rambouillet, high-place of the Preciosity.
- Construction of the monumental frontage baroque of the alcazar of Madrid of Juan Gum of Mora (fine in 1630).
- Greco paints its Vue of Tolède .
Science & technology
September 25th: Hans Lippershey presents her invention, the Lunette of approach, with the count Maurice de Nassau with $the Hague. One asks him nevertheless to build binocular glasses, which it did for the December 15th.
Economy & company
Genoa declares its port free.
- In royal Hungary, the Diet gives to the lords any competence for the country businesses, which results in the prohibition of the free migration of the farmers. The perpetual Servage (“the Second serfdom”) is established, fixing the peasant with the drudgery and regarding the escape or the refusal as revolts punished of death. The reserve seigneuriale develops, directed towards the breeding or the production of wine (up to 2/3 of the incomes of the field). Perpetual serfdom does not spread; the boroughs continue to enjoy privileges and, at the border, the agglomerations Haïdouk, which ensure the use of grounds against the military service, attract the many fugitive ones.
Births in 1608
- December 6th: George Monk, First duke of Albemarle († 1670)
- December 9th: John Milton, English poet
Death in 1608
- January: Frederic Ier of Wurtemberg, duke of Wurtemberg since 1593.
- April 18th: Jacques-Christophe Blarer de Wartensee, Prince-bishop of Basle since 1575.
- August 13rd: Giambologna (of its true name Jean of Boulogne ), Sculptor Flemish mannerist (° 1529).
Be-X-old: 1608 Map-bms: 1608 Simple: 1608
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