This page relates to the year 1607 Gregorian Calendrier.
- April 26th: First English colony rested by the captain Christopher Newport of the Company of London, in Cape Henry in Virginia.
- May 14th: The colony is moved of Henry Cape to Jamestown. The city is built on the territory of an Indian confederation led by the chief Powhatan, who lets the colonists settle in peace.
- the 104 colonists of Jamestown will be decimated by the Paludisme, the famines, will be mined by their quarrels and will be attacked by the Indians. The adventurer John Smith, made captive in December by the chief Opchanacanough, will owe the life according to him only with the supplication of the girl of a chief of twelve years old tribe, Pocahontas.
- August 13rd: The Popham colony, is installed by the Compagnie of Plymouth to the mouth Kennebec River in the current state of the Maine; it is abandoned as of 1608.
- Zimbabwe: The Monomotapa Gatsi Rusere calls upon the Portuguese to fight against one of its vassal which took its capital to him.
- Reign of Iskandar Muda, Moslem Sultan of Atjeh (Northern point of Sumatra) of 1607 with 1636. Apogee of the sultanate of Atjeh (Aceh) under its sultanate. Aceh control all ports making the trade of the Pepper in Sumatra, except for the extreme south, and its influence extends to several zones from the Malayan peninsula.
- Japan: Reception of the king of Korea, conceived like the recognition of a vassalage.
- Of the made Spaniards of the Mexico is received by Tokugawa Ieyasu.
The Middle East
- the empire Séfévide extends from the Tigre to the Indus.
- March 15th: Crowning of the king of Sweden Charles IX of Sudermanie, (end of reign in 1611).
- April 21st: Peace between Paul V and Venice thanks to the arbitration of Henri IV of France.
- April 25th: Battle of Gibraltar. A Dutch fleet surprises a Spanish fleet anchored in bay of Gibraltar and destroys it after four hours of combat.
- May: Popular revolt of the the Midlands in England following the fence of the communal .
- June 8th: Newton Rebellion . In Newton, Northamptonshire, 40 to 50 peasants revolted against the Enclosure S made by the landowners (Tresham family) is hung.
- July 17th: The forwarding of Henry Hudson with the research of the Passage of the North-East reaches the Svalbard. She discovers the island Jan Mayen on the way of the return in England.
- September 4th: Flight off the Earls . Exile of the O' Neill and the O'Donnell of Ireland; their titles and properties are confiscated. O' Neill and O'Donnell are accused of high treason and their seized goods.
- Conflict between the Sweden and the Poland, the Estonia passes by again under Swedish control.
- Be: Plague with Spalato, stopover of Venice on the Adriatic .
- Food shortage with Naples, which causes a revolt.
- Beginning of the War of the brothers between Mathias and Rodolphe of Habsbourg. The emperor is introduced like insane, incompetent to control. Mathias is made recognize chief of the house of Habsbourg (1608) and starts military campaigns against Rodolphe. He tears off the Hungary and the majority of the patrimonial States to him (1608 - 1612).
April 25th: Business of Donauworth. Donauworth is an imperial city with Lutheran majority. The Council of city refuses freedom of worship with the catholics (procession of the Saint-Marc, April 25th 1606). The business is carried to the diet which puts the city at the round of applause of the empire and orders to the duke Bavaria to intervene. It occupies the city and restores the catholic worship (November). Separate Churches the “of Rome” feel threatened and unite in the evangelic Union in 1608.
April 17th: Richelieu becomes bishop of Luçon.
- September 10th: Nicolas Brûlart de Sillery becomes Chancelier of France (fine in 1624).
- December: Henri IV of France pushes the German Protestants to be linked in a League.
- By an edict, Henri IV joins together the royal field private (Béarn, Low-Navarre…) and the field of the crown, thus carrying out the first cohesion of the whole of the French territory.
- Edict on the roadway system.
- Apogee of the Duel (1607 - 1637). The nobility seeks thanks to him to define its identity vis-a-vis the growing absolutism.
February: The Romanov are rehabilitated.
- In March, Basile Chouïski cancels the edicts of Dimitri II and imposes new limitations on the rights of the peasants. The time of research of fugitive is fixed at 15 years.
- June: The Second forgery Dimitri (known as the Impostor or the Brigand of Touchino), also supported by the Poles and the Cosaque S invades the Russia and tries to take a lead in the throne. The usurpations multiply.
- October: A revolt of peasants and craftsmen fail; Ivan Bolotnikov and the revolted peasants are beaten by Basile Chouïski with Toula.
- August 28th: The pope, not managing to lead to an agreement, to avoid weakening the Dominican S or the Jesuits, refuses to slice and prohibits any debate on the Grâce.
- Néophyte II becomes patriarch of Constantinople (fine in 1612).
Art & culture
- February 24th: First representation with Mantoue of the opera Orfeo of Claudio Monteverdi on a booklet of Striggio.
- the schooling becomes obligatory in the Anhalt, area German.
- the king Jacques Ier of England declares protective masonry. Inigo Jones is named Maître and organizes the cabins by it on the model of the Italian academies. The number of the “accepted” masons (not professionals) increases until exceeding that of the professionals.
- Installation of the Royal places (Place of the Vosges) and Dauphine in Paris.
- Construction of the House of Flora.
Science & technology
- October 27th: Passage of the Halley's Comet.
- the Cerf-volant is spread like toy of child in Holland.
- Galileo Galilei builds a Thermoscope, the ancestor of the Thermomètre, although the paternity of this invention is disputed to him.
Economy & company
- agricultural Crisis in Europe.
- Venice prohibits the corn exits apart from the Adriatique.
- Bankruptcy of the bank Fugger in Germany.
- the English refuse to grant to the Scot the equality economic rights and commercial.
- Atjeh, large spice producer, gets in Europe half of sound Poivre and controls trade route between the Indian Ocean and the Southeast Asia.
Births in 1607
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Mathieu the Dwarf, French painter
Death in 1607
- January 6th: Guidobaldo LED Assembles, marquis of the Steps, mathematician and theorist of the Mécanique
- April 11th: Benoit de Goes, Portuguese Jesuit
- June 28th: Domenico Fontana Italian architect (born in 1543)
- September 5th: Pomponne de Bellièvre, chancellor of France
Be-X-old: 1607 Map-bms: 1607 Simple: 1607
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