This page relates to the year 1606 Gregorian Calendrier.
- April 10th: The king Jacques Ier of England grants a charter which gives the concession of the American coast ranging between the 34° and 45° degrees of latitude to two companies (London and Plymouth).
- Persecution of the 150 000 Japanese Christians who must return to the traditional religion (1606 - 1614).
- the Dutchmen obtain a license which enables them to return regularly to the Japan starting from 1609.
Oceania & the Pacific
- the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon accosts on the Western coast of the Péninsule of the course York, in Australia.
- the Spaniards Shine Váez de Torres and Pedro Fernández de Quirós discovers the archipelago of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean (New Hebrides).
- Jahangir subdues the revolt of his/her son Khusrav with the Panjab then made condemn to dead and confiscates the goods of the religious leader of the Sikhs, Gurû Arjan, which had helped Khusrav financially.
- May 30th: Execution of Gurû Arjan. Har Govinda becomes religious leader of the Sikhs (fine in 1645). Imprisoned during 12 years for its refusal to pay the fine of his Arjan father, it organizes the community on military bases.
- Arrived of the Italian Jesuit Roberto de Nobili at the Madouré, in the south of the India.
- Dutch Counter with Masulipatnam.
- April 12th: The Union Jack becomes the flag of the the United Kingdom.
- April 17th: Conflict between Paul V and Venice. FRA Paolo Sarpi, which disputes the temporal interference of the Church in the interior matters of the States, runs up successfully against the pope. For the first time in the History, the whole of a country is struck of interdict by a pope.
- May: The Court of Philippe III of Spain moves Valladolid with Madrid.
- September 23rd: Peace of Vienna between the emperor Rodolphe II and Etienne Bocskai, prince of Hungary. The dignity of palatine is restored, finances of the kingdom of Hungary escape control from Vienna. The civil and military offices will be entrusted exclusively to Hungarians. Denominational freedom is established for the orders. Bocskai is confirmed as prince of Transylvania but gives up under king de Hongrie. With its death (December 29th 1606), Transylvania knows seven years of instability before the reign of Gábor Bethlen (1613).
- the peace of Vienna allows the installation of 10 000 Haïdouk S as free peasants in Transylvania. The imperial troops evacuate a devastated and bloodless country. The short period of peace which follows makes it possible him to be rebuilt.
- November 11th: Peace of Zsitva-Torok (Hungary) between the Othoman empire and the . Transformation of the annual tribute into “gift”, statute of strict equality enters the two empires, authorization to build new fortresses at the border. The Porte preserves Kanisza, Esztergom and Eger, but gives up the area of Vac.
- Jacques Ier of England takes anti-catholics measures in England and restores the episcopal hierarchy in Scotland (1606 - 1612).
- the capuchins obtain from the pope the authorization to create convents in Spain.
- Rebellion of Sandomierz: Sermons with the Diet of Christophe Warszewicki, for the establishment of the absolutism. Sigismond III Vasa tries to return monarchy Polish hereditary, causing a legal general insurrection against the king, envisaged by the constitution, carried out by the tycoon Zedrzydowski, supported by part of the nobility (1606 - 1609). The insurrection stops following a law of amnesty and insurance of the respect of the Constitution.
- January: Transformation of the Duma of the boyards into Senate. A Pole, Jean Berczynski, is charged to draw up the list of his members.
- In May, the boyards learn the secret concessions made to the Poles by Dimitri II (extension of the Uniatisme to the Moscovie, transfer of territories, legacy of the crown to its death).
- May 8th: Marriage with Moscow of Dimitri II and Marina Mniszek.
- the May 17th, the Faux Dimitri is killed with Moscow during a coup d'etat led by Vasili Galitzine and Vassili Chouiski, going down from the princes of Souzdal, with the favor of a popular riot antipapist. He east is massacred as well as the Polish garrison of the the Kremlin. That causes a sharp dissatisfaction in Poland.
- May 19th: Vassili Chouiski is proclaimed tsar (fine in 1610).
- Civil war ( Smuta or “time of the disorders”). Country revolts and Cossack S under the control of a former serf, Ivan Bolotnikov, which promises to restore the freedom of displacement for the peasants, to reduce the taxes and to divide the grounds of the lords (1606 - 1607).
- the patriarch of Moscow Ignace is relieved. Its substitute, Hermogène, hero of resistance, will die captive of the Poles in 1612.
- February 24th: Commercial treaty enters France and England to Paris.
- March 4th: Henri IV occupies Sedan to put an end to the revolt duke of Bubble.
- December 18th: Armand of Plessis de Richelieu is named bishop of Luçon.
- Edict on the reform of the catholic clergy.
- Henri IV contemplates his “great intention”, to tear off European hegemony at the house of Austria.
- Pomponne de Bellièvre becomes Chancelier of France (1606-1607)
- Maximilien de Béthune becomes duke of Sully.
Science & technology
- First edition by Jodocus Hondius of the Atlas Mercator-Hondius , which takes again that of Gerardus Mercator and increases it.
Art & culture
Introduction of the The in Europe.
Births in 1606
- July 15th: Rembrandt ( Harmenszoon van Rijn ), painter and engraver Dutch
- November 12th: Jeanne Mance
Death in 1606
- January 31st: Guy Fawkes, catholic English, member of the Conspiracy of the powders
- : Guillaume Costeley, French type-setter (born v. 1531).
- March 23rd: Turibio de Mongrovejo, bishop of Lima, evangelist of the Peru.
- March 24th: Right Lipse, humanistic Flemish, with Leuwen (born in 1547). (° April 13rd 1570).
- September 11th: Carel van Mander, painter and Flemish writer, in Amsterdam (born in 1548).
- October 5th: Philippe Desportes, French poet (born in 1546).
- November 20th (supposed date): John Lyly, poet and dramatic author English (born in 1554).
- December 29th: Etienne II Bocskai, prince de Transylvanie.
Be-X-old: 1606 Map-bms: 1606 Simple: 1606
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