This page relates to the year 1595 Gregorian Calendrier.
- Demolished English with the the Antilles vis-a-vis the Spaniards. The English fleet loses 25 vessels out of 30.
- the English explorer Walter Raleigh goes up the river Orénoque in the dugout.
- Raleigh learns from the governor of Trinidad Berrio, which holds it of one named Martinez, the legend of the El Dorado, bathing king covered of gold in the Lake Manao. It goes up Orénoque with its research but does not find anything. It turns over to Europe where it takes part in the catch of Cadiz (1596) and of Fayal (1597) and leaves the colony to its lieutenant Keymist Masham which it PERT with the profit of the Spaniards.
- April 2nd: Beginning of the voyage of Dutch Cornelius Van Houtmann in India and the West Indies on behalf of the partner Van Glass (fine in 1597). It reaches Banten (Java) later fifteen months.
- Akbar seizes Kandahar and the Balouchistan.
- the Jésuite Jerome Xavier remains in India (fine in 1614).
- Matteo Ricci is established with Nankin.
- Martyrdoms of thirty Franciscain S with the Japan, of which holy Pierre-Baptist (1597), between 1595 and 1628 during the executions of Nagasaki.
Oceania & the Pacific
The Middle East
- January 15th: Beginning of the Othoman Sultanate of Mehmed III (fine in 1603).
- to avoid any competition, Mehmed III fact of carrying out 19 of his/her younger brothers and 10 of the wives of her father who one suspects of being pregnant (1596). His/her mother exerts the power in her place.
- Insurrection in Asia (1595 - 1610), military revolts with Istanbul, war against the Austria.
- May 18th: The Peace of Tayssina (Tyavzino), or Peace of Teusin, meadows of Narva, following the Russo-Swedish war, fixes the Eastern borders of the Finland. The Sweden acquires Narva and the totality of the Estonia and advances its borders through the Arctique. Sweden returns to the Russia part of the Karelia, Néva and the southernmost coast of the Golfe of Finland until Ivangorod.
- May 25th: Believed of the glacier of Giétroz, in the the Alps pennines, which submerges temporarily the town of Martigny and makes 70 dead.
- 13 - August 23rd: Battle of Călugăreni. Michel de Valachie with the assistance of troops sent by Báthory, prince of Transylvania, of which he recognized suzerainty beats the army of Sinan Pasha, in the marshes close to Bucharest.
- October 12th: The Turks evacuate Bucharest and withdraw themselves beyond the Danube.
- October 18th: Michel Ier the Brave man enters to Târgoviste, old capital of Valachie.
- October 20th: Michel Ier the Brave man takes Giurgiu. It passes the the Danube and carries several place in Bulgaria. The sultan recognizes it like voïévode Valachie.
- Russia: Destruction of the Tatars of Baraba in the east of Omsk.
- the Riksdag of Sweden deposits Sigismond III Vasa and indicates Charles IX, his uncle, chief of the party Lutheran, as regent of Sweden. Sigismond, king of Poland, tries to reconquer its throne but gives up quickly vis-a-vis external difficulties (1598).
- the diet of Söderköping confirms prohibition to practice the Catholic religion in Sweden.
- Plague with Hamburg.
- Raised tenth man in Austria: a man validates on 10 is mobilized, the nine others having to pay his equipment and his maintenance.
- Muscovite Embassy with Prague.
- the the Tyrol passes to the archduke Maximilien.
- Mathias (1557 - 1619) succeeds his brother Ernest in Austria
- Ferdinand de Styrie creates commissions of “reformation” which lay out men-at-arms to close the temples and to burn the books heretics.
- January 18th: The France declares the war with the Spain.
- Mars: Guy Eder of Fontenelle settles in the island Tristan with Douarnenez from where it directs raids and plunderings. Captive fact in October by François d' Epinay, commander general of the royal troops in Brittany, it is released against ransom (April 1596) and takes again its plunderings.
- Rosny (Maximilien de Béthune, future duke of Sully) becomes member of the board of management of the businesses and finances.
- Henri IV joined Biron in Burgundy where it overcomes the Ligue and Spaniards with the Bataille of Fountain-Frenchwoman (June 5th).
- June - July: In North, in Provence and Brittany, the royal ones have more difficulties: catch of the Catelet, Capelle and Doullens (July 24th).
- September: Undecided combat enters the Crunching and the nobility limousine. Crunching return in their farms to carry out the ploughings of autumn.
- September 4th: Entry of Henri IV with Lyon.
- September 18th: The pope Clément VIII raises the excommunication of the king.
- September 23rd: The king grants an armistice to Charles de Mayenne.
- October 3rd: The Spaniards take Cambrai.
- November: The king Henri IV reconciles himself with the Duc of Mayenne.
- June 12th, Poland: The orthodoxe métropolite of Nowogrodek and seven bishops sign a request in XXXII articles which specifies the methods of the union of the Churches, but they run up against the prince Constantin Ostrogski, “guard” traditional of orthodoxy. Terlecki and its colleague the bishop of Włodzimierz, Pociej, go to Rome where at a solemn meeting, they ask in the name of the métropolite and of the bishops ruthenes to beings received in the Roman Church (December 23rd) the pope grants to them by the bubble Magnus dominus a “constitution perpetual” leaving in Ruthènes their liturgy and giving to the métropolite faculty to devote the bishops.
- November 20th, England: Articles of Lambeth, written by the archbishop of Canterbury John Whitgift, where the doctrines of the Prédestination are clearly expressed. Parliament, then the queen, refuse to adopt her articles.
- Albert de Habsbourg (piles) becomes primacy of Tolède.
Art & culture
- January 29th: First public representation of Romeo and Juliette , tragedy of Shakespeare.
- : Foundation of the University of San Carlos, with the Filipino .
- Edmond Richer is named principal Collège of the cardinal Lemoine in Paris.
- the Tests of Montaigne (posthumous edition).
- Publication of the Return of Hake Clouts ( Clouts Hake Like Home Again ) dedicated to Walter Raleigh, of Edmund Spenser.
- Satires , poems of John Gives (1595 - 1598).
- Defense of poetry , methodical study of English poetry since Chaucer by sir Philip Sidney.
- Love of the Ocean for Cynthia , poem of Walter Raleigh dedicated to Elisabeth Anger of England.
- Richard III , drama and the one night Dream of summer , comedy, of Shakespeare.
- Publication of the Prophecy of saint Malachie by Arnold de Wyon.
- Daphne , first test of opera by Corsi and Péri.
- Arrived at Rome of the painter Caravage, whose painting, inspired by the reality and the truth of the outside world, is opposed to idealized works mannerists.
Science & technology
- Rumold Mercator, the son of the Flemish geographer Gerardus Mercator publishes the fifth section of the Atlas of his/her father, on a purely posthumous basis.
- Trigonometria , of Pitiscus.
Economy & company
Potosi account 120 000 inhabitants.
- Naples account 280 000 inhabitants, Venice 140 000, Rome 90.000, Florence 70 000.
- favorable Economic conjuncture after 1595 in France (boiled chicken). Resumption of demography, the salt consumption and the production of grains (1595 - 1600), until in 1625.
- Portugal: The annual Eastern spice arrivals fall from 25 000 to 7500 quintals per annum.
Births in 1595
- June 9th: Ladislas IV Vasa, king of Poland, († May 20th 1648)
- December 4th: Jean Chaplain, poet and critical literary French.
Death in 1595
- April 25th: the Cup (Torquato Tasso), Italian poet (° 1544)
- October 23rd: Louis IV of Nevers, noble Italian-French, duke of Nevers and Rethel (° September 18th 1539, 56 years)
- November 12th: John Hawkins, Corsair English (° 1532)
Be-X-old: 1595 Map-bms: 1595 Simple: 1595
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