This page relates to the year 1585 Gregorian Calendrier.
- August 8th: The English explorer John Davis or Davys discovers the strait which bears its name between the Greenland and the North America.
- October 17th: Álvaro Manrique de Zúñiga succeeds Pedro Moya de Contreras and becomes the 7th viceroy of News-Spain.
- Richard Grenville and its seven ships accosts in Virginia. The Indians that they meet there show hospital, but following the flight of a silver cup by one of them, Grenville plunders and sets fire to their village.
- Beginning of the establishment of the Jesuits at the Guaraní of the Paraguay.
- the Turkish corsair Amir Ali Bey proposes to the inhabitants Mombasa to help them against the Portuguese, but those put the city at bag third once.
- Japan: Hideyoshi is named Kampaku (regent) by the emperor (fine in 1598). Universal man, it develops mining industry, sends to far from the tradind ships, organizes the army while encouraging arts.
The Middle East
- Taken Tabriz by the Othoman .
- Frozen of the olive-trees in Tuscan.
- February: Sit of Brussels by the Spaniards.
- April 24th: Beginning of the Pontificate of Sixth-Quint or Sixth V (fine in 1590). It fights the armed robbery in its States.
- August 17th: End of the head office of Antwerp. Alexandre Farnèse takes Antwerp.
- August 20th: Treaty of Nonsuch enters the England and the United Provinces. The England is in war with Spain (fine in 1604). Threatened in its trade by the occupation of Antwerp by the Spanish troops, the England engages at the sides of the gueux to the Netherlands.
- Henri III of France, thwarted by the allied League of the Spain, refuses the sovereignty of the United Provinces.
- December: Elisabeth Anger of England, worries about carried out Spanish, sends to the end of the year its favorite, the count of Leicester (Robert Dudley) to the head of 8000 men (1585 - 1587). This one will not manage to get along with the new boarder of Holland, Johan van Oldenbarnevelt (1586 - 1618) and Maurice de Nassau, wire of Guillaume Silent the.
- Francis Drake attacks the port of Vigo in Spain then scum the the Caribbean.
- Théolipte II becomes Patriarche of Constantinople (fine in 1586).
- Died of the archduke Charles. The interior Austria is managed by his/her cousins Maximilien and Ernest while waiting for the majority of its Ferdinand son in 1595.
- Jacques VI of Scotland, to guard itself against the political and religious revolts of its barons and its subjects, is combined with Elisabeth Ire of England which provides him subsidies.
- Formation of the committee member of a league of the Sixteen with Paris. Decreasing popularity of the king in Paris.
- January: The cardinal of Bourbon, which is regarded as the heir to the throne leaves the court.
- Mars: Marguerite de Valois leaves her husband and adopts the Ligue.
- March 30th: Proclamation of Fibula: formation of the catholic League under the patronage of the Own way. The League wants to make adopt catholicity like condition of legitimacy. The Own way, of Carolingian ascent, see the means of reaching the throne.
- July 7th: The King de France Henri III is constrained to sign with the Guise the Paix of Nemours, which cancels all measurements of tolerance with regard to the Protestants, and takes the head of the catholic armies. Navarre and Condé are declared inapt for the succession.
- September 9th: Bubble of Sixth Quint which excommunicates Henri of Bourbon-Navarre and Condé.
- Beginning of the war from the “Three Henri” in the West and south-west: Condé is opposed to Mercœur around La Rochelle. Henri de Navarre combat troops of Aumale in Guyenne and those of Merry in High-Languedoc. Henri III orders large royal troops. The duke of Own way covers the operations towards the east in order to prevent the arrival of German reinforcements.
- Jean-Louis de Nogaret, Duke of Épernon (1554 - 1642), becomes Prime Minister in fact.
- Michel de Montaigne leaves the town hall of Bordeaux because of the epidemic of Peste.
- Henri Ier de Guise negotiates secretly with Henri de Navarre via Montaigne.
- Nikita Romanov dies the April 14th. Boris Godounov, brother-in-law of the tsar, exerts the power.
- the principality of Tver is reinstated in the Muscovite State. It had been given in prerogative to the “Siméon tsar” by Ivan IV.
- In Siberia, Mansourov builds a fort with the confluence of the Irtych and Ob.
Art & culture
- the college Jésuite of Graz obtains the statute of university.
- Creation of the University of Franeker (Netherlands).
- the Infinite one of the universe and the worlds and Of the heroic furies , poetic dialog, of Giordano Bruno.
- the Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno turns over to Paris then goes to Marbourg, with Wittemberg, Prague, Helmstedt and Frankfurt where it deals with making print number of his work. Bruno returns in Italy and becomes private tutor.
- Publication of Galatée , pastoral novel of Cervantes.
- Of the moral philosophy of stoical the , treated Guillaume of Squirrel fur.
- the Flemish musician Orlando Lassus or Orlando di Lasso composes of the hymns and profane.
- the Italian musician Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina composes of the choruses has cappella.
Science & technology
- the Dutch Mathematician and engineer Simon Stevin recommends the decimal system for the currencies, weights and measures.
- the Flemish geographer Gerardus Mercator publishes the third section of sound Atlas .
Economy & company
- Promotion of Francfort-sur-le-Main, up to that point known for its fairs of goods, with the dignity of city and fair of exchange.
Births in 1585
- March 1st: Jean of Saint-Bonnet, marshal of Toiras († June 14th 1636, 51 years).
- March 16th: Gerbrand Andriaenszoon Bredero, Dutch playwright.
- September 9th: Armand-Jean of Plessis, cardinal of Richelieu, prelate and French statesman.
- October 8th: Heinrich Schütz, German type-setter.
- October 28th: Cornelius Jansen, Dutch theologist, archbishop of Ypres, founder of the Jansénisme († May 6th 1638).
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
Death in 1585
- March 10th: Rembert Dodoens, Belgian botanist (° 1517).
- November 23rd: Thomas Tallis, English type-setter.
- December 28th: Pierre de Ronsard, French poet (° 1524).
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Jacques Androuet of the Hoop, draftsman, engraver and architect French (° 1510)
Be-X-old: 1585 Map-bms: 1585 Simple: 1585
|Random links:||Amedeo Maiuri | Paul-Claudel college | Masvingo | Jacques Ier (bishop) | Cid Corman | Edouard_Elgar|