This page relates to the year 1562 Calendrier Julien.
- May 1st: The huguenots French Jean Ribault and Rene de Goulaine de Laudonnière establish a colony in the north of the Florida.
- June 13rd: Foundation of San Juan (Argentina).
- Sir John Hawkins begins the Traite blacks for the North-American English colonies.
- Several groups official reception reach is plate Ethiopia N and push until the Angot, the Amhara and the Bégameder. Others are established with the Ouollégat (1562 - 1570). They invade thus a third of the Ethiopia.
- Japan: Matsudaira Takechiyo, the future Tokugawa Ieyasu, rejoins Oda Nobunaga after the defeat of its tutors the Imagawa. Extremely of this support, it quickly conquers the Mikawa and the Tôtômi, two provinces surrounding its possessions.
- September 22nd: Maximilien II becomes king de Bohême.
- October: The fleet of the galères of Spain is absorbed by a storm in bay of Herradura, close to Malaga.
- November 20th: Maximilien II is elected King of the Romans. Frankfurt becomes the city of crowning.
- Turin is restored with the duke of Savoy by the France.
- Paix enters the Othoman and the Austria. Status quo in Hungary. Ferdinand must sign a eight years truce: It pours a tribute with the Turks and recognizes Zapolyai in Transylvania.
- Jean Sigismond of Hungary represses an insurrection of the Sicules in Transylvania.
- Modification of the successional mode in Russia. Princely fields, in the absence of male heirs, and those of the boyards, in the absence of close will or heirs, will return to the State.
- January 17th: Edict of Pacification of Saint-Germain or January. It prohibits the assemblies in the closed cities all while authorizing them in the suburbs, and orders the restitution of the occupied buildings. The following day, one learns the recovery from the Concile of Thirty.
- Of the January 28th to the February 11th, a new conference joins together without results Theodore de Bèze and of the catholic theologists. In front of the working class unrest, Gaspard de Coligny and its brothers is constrained to leave the court in February. A little everywhere, but especially in midday, the Protestants destroy the churches and the vaults rather than to restore them. The “images” (statues, tables, cross) are also destroyed.
- March 1st: The massacre of Huguenots with Wassy under the orders of the duke of Own way starts the Wars of religion in France. They are prolonged, punctuated transitory peaces, until in 1598.
- Mars: The policy of conciliation of the regent fails. François de Guise walk at once on Paris where it is accommodated as hero (March 16th). Learning, Gaspard de Coligny and its brother of Andelot announces their arrival in Paris to join the forces of Condé. This last hesitates, missing the occasion to make rock the balance in favor of the Protestants. During this time, the triumvirs force the queen mother and the king to follow them Fontainebleau to Paris (March 31st). In front of the force, Catherine de Médicis takes the direction of the catholic party.
- April: Louis de Condé takes the weapons, which starts the first war of religion. The army of Cop meets in Orleans and of the local armies are formed in Dauphiné (baron of the Adrets and captains Furmeyer), in Guyenne (Duras) and in Languedoc (Crussol Beaudiné). The royal army is joined together by the constable of Montmorency. Locally, of the detachments operate with the orders of the governors: valley of the the Loire then of the the Saone (Tavannes), in Guyenne (Montluc) and in Languedoc (Merry). Rouen is taken by the Protestants of Mongomery.
- Bag of Lyon by the troops of the baron of the Adrets. The city is occupied by the Protestants (1562-1563).
- April 12th: First great catholic massacre with Direction. South-west is in boiling as from July.
- May 8th: Réformés invests Le Havre.
- September 20th: Elisabeth Anger of England sign the Treated Hampton Court with the French Protestants who deliver to him Le Havre.
- Tavannes succeeds in reconquering the towns of the Loire then of the Saone, Monluc stops Duras with Vergt (October) but fails in front of the cities of the the Garonne and the Tarn. Guillaume de Joyeuse, which cannot take Montpellier, ebbs towards the West by giving up Low-Languedoc with the Protestant (October-November).
- Seat of Rouen by the royal army (30 000 men) who wants to prevent the junction of the calvinists with the British. Antoine of Bourbon is mortally wounded there. Rouen is taken by the catholics the October 26th.
- Food shortage with Marseilles: order is given to a frigate to hail all the ships charged with corn off the city (October 8th). The Réformés are expelled by the council of city (December 13rd).
- December 19th: the gash is victorious against Louis de Condé with the Bataille of Dreux where Anne de Montmorency is made prisoner and Saint-Andrew is killed. Gaspard de Coligny gives up the battle field. The tercio of Carvajal (Spain) combat with the troops of king de France against the Protestants with the battle of Dreux.
- Opening to Holt of the Gresham' S School
- January 18th 1562 - December 4th 1563: Third session (17 to 25) of the Council of Thirty. The decrees and gun taken by the Fathers relate to the capacities of the bishops, the character of the mass sacrifice (known as in Latin with explanations in vulgar language, the gun of secret must be known as with low voice). The council organizes the collation of the sacrament of the order and organizes the Séminaire S for the education of the young clerks. The council gives to the Holy See the capacity to carry out the publication of the missal, the breviary and the catechism prepared by the congregations of the council.
- the rule of absolute silence is introduced with the reform about the Carmélites by Sainte Therese d' Avila.
- Treated speech and meditation of the holy Franciscain Pierre d' Alcantara (1499 - 1562).
- In England, the convocation of Canterbury prepares the thirty-nine articles (published in 1563).
- the France account 620 Churches calvinists and 1 250 000 Protestants. Janine Garrisson counts 1 400 Churches “heretics”, including 800 in the South and 1 750 000 Protestants, is 8,75% of the population (a million in the South). They recruit in the not-agricultural, male population, young and educated, among the noble ones, the notable ones, the craftsmen and even the clergy. After 1562, conversions, many since the Years 1550, are braked.
- a sixth of the parishes of the République polono-Lithuanian pass to the Réforme (1562 - 1591). In Lithuania, it touches not only the catholics, the such chancellor Nicolas Radziwil, but penetrates among the tycoons and the noble orthodoxe ones: from Sapieha, Wismiowieski, Czartoryski pass to the reform. The peasants remain catholic and Protestantism survives only among the Germans of the royal Prussia and the Large-Poland, like in the big cities like Warsaw and Vilno. Nevertheless Protestantism exerts a considerable influence on the Polish culture, because reformed and catholic carry out all their controversy in national language. Discusses which is carried out in a climate of tolerance, exceptional in Europe of the 16th century.
- With the diet, the Protestants of Poland prohibit the starostes, to judges diétines, to carry out the sentences of the ecclesiastical courts; what results in the absence of any religious persecution during more than one century. The nobility, satisfied, often reinstates the Catholic church.
Art & culture
- June 6th: The Benedictine S of San Giorgio Magiore, with Venice order from Paul Véronèse a table to decorate the refectory - built by Andrea Palladio - with their convent: they will be the Wedding at Cana , one of major works of the Renaissance.
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- the Jésuites settle with the Clementinum Prague which obtains the statute of university.
- Law authorizing the searchings in the booksellers in Spain.
- the Council of Thirty, under the impulse of the cardinal Hercules de Gonzague, restores a total freedom of edition in Italy.
- Microcosm , of Maurice Scève.
- Renaud , heroic poem of the Cup.
- Giuseppe Arcimboldo becomes the painter of court of Maximilien II and Rodolphe II.
- the Apotheosis of San Rocco , painting of the Tintoret which obtains the order of around fifties of fabrics for the brotherhood of San Rocco (1562-1566).
Science & technology
- Project of digging of a channel of Orange with Camaret-on-Acute, on the the Rhone.
- Improvement of the commercial and financial techniques in France: Accounts Department with double part, development of the Credit and the Bill of exchange.
Economy & company
- agricultural Crisis in Europe (1562 - 1566).
- 80 000 tons of corn forward by Dantzig.
- Philippe II of Spain undertakes vast maritime armaments. He makes come to Barcelona from the specialists in Genoa and San Pier d' Arena.
- the soil of Frontignan is devastated by the Protestants.
- 1293 Justice of the Peace in England.
Births in 1562
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Jean Delays, man of letters born with the Rock-Gageac († 1636)
Death in 1562
- May 4th: Lelio Socino with Zurich (born with His in 1525). In 1546, it develops theses against the Trinité and the Incarnation.
- October 9th: Gabriel Fallopio surgeon and Italian anatomist (born in 1523).
- October 13rd: Claudin de Sermisy, French musician (born in 1490).
- December 17th: Adriaan Willaert, choirmaster of Saint-Marc, with Venice (born in 1480).
Be-X-old: 1562 Map-bms: 1562 Simple: 1562
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