This page relates to the year 1537 Calendrier Julien.
- Empire Songhaï: Mohammed Bandan is deposited by Ismaïl, a son of Mohammed Touré. Ismaïl, then his/her brother Ishak, endeavor to restore the calm one in the empire devastated by the interior disorders (end in 1549).
- January 8th: creation of the diocese of Cuzco.
- March 12th: Foundation of Recife, with the Brazil.
- April: Diego de Almagro, of return of the Chile, enters Cuzco after having hustled the troops of Manco Cápac II. It makes imprison with the Sacsayhuamán, fortress of Cuzco, Hernando and Gonzalo Pizarro and proclaims governor, then walk on Lima while taking along Hernando as an hostage.
- May 29th: Bubble Sublimis Deus of Paul III prohibiting the slavery of the Amerindians.
- June 2nd: Publication of the letter Veritas ipsa of Paul III which declares that the Amerindians are human beings.
- June 12th: Battle of Rio Abancay between Diego de Almagro and Alonso de Alvarado.
- August 15th: Juan de Ayolas founds the station of Asunción to the Paraguay. It falls under the blows from a Boleadoras (lasso with balls) handled by a native. The colonists Spanish elect one of them at their head, Martinez de Irala.
- papal Bubble prohibiting any apostate from leaving for the Western Indies.
- September 5th: Arrival of the Portuguese adventurer Fernão Mendes Pinto with Diu in India. He visits the China and the Japan and would have led an embassy of the khan Mongols Dayan to Malacca.
- October: Sher Shâh Sûrî, sultan Afghan of the Bihâr (1537 - 1545) besieges Gaur with the Bengal which falls in April 1538.
- January 1st: Madeleine, girl of king de France, marries with Paris the king Jacques V of Scotland. She dies six months later.
- January 6th: Assassination of Alexandre de Médicis, known as Alexandre the Moor , large-duke of Tuscany. Cosme Ier of Tuscany reign on Florence and the Tuscan (fine in 1574).
- February 3rd: Execution of Silken Thomas, chief of the Irish rebellion, and his/her five uncles in London.
- May 29th: publication of the pontifical Bubble Sublimus Dei condemning the Slavery.
- August 25th - September 7th: Sit of Corfou by the Othoman ; after 3 weeks, they must be withdrawn. The fleet of Khayr AD-DIN Barberousse seizes ports and of islands belonging Venice has (Nauplie, Malvoisie, Skiros, Patmos, Egine, Ios, Paros, Astipalea, etc).
- the Bohemia and the royal Hungary obtain the limitation of the aulic competence of the council to the only hereditary countries and the Reich.
- the emperor Charles Quint authorizes officially the new Christians of Spain and the Portugal to be settled with Antwerp provided with the full rights.
- popular Riots against the Conversos with the Portugal.
- Foundation of Mancha Real, in the steppe of Jaen, in Andalusia.
- Intervention of the Turks with Otranto.
- Riots of the Gabelle in Guyenne and Angoumois.
- April: End of military resistance in Norway vis-a-vis the Danes. The archbishop of Nidarós, Olaf Engelbriktsson, flees towards the Netherlands ( April).
- September 2nd: Setting-up of a Kirkenordinanz ( Ordinatio ecclesiastica ) with the Denmark on the instigation of Christiern Pedersen.
- Gustav Vasa is combined with the Norway to overcome the German city of Lübeck, which makes economically Sweden independent of the Hanseatic League.
Arts & cultures
- Ignace de Loyola (1491-1556) founds the Society of Jesus. He places himself under the orders of the pope.
- Creation of the University of Lausanne.
- the university of Lisbon is definitively installed with Coimbra, after multiple removals.
- Articles of Smalkalde , where Luther defines its positions.
- the Pronostication of pronostications, not only of this present year MDXXXVII, but also of the others to even come from all those which passed, which is a diatribe against the almanacs and their forecasts of Bonaventure Of Périers.
- Cymbalum mundi (“the chime of the world”), anonymous lampoon allotted to Bonaventure Of Périers, burned by stop of the Parliament of Paris as delivers impious.
- Gustav Vasa makes build the strong castle of Gripsholm, on the edges of the Lac Mälar where it establishes its main home.
- Books of architecture , Sebastiano Serlio.
- the Titien undertakes the portraits of the Twelve Césars , intended for the Room of the palate of Frederic II.
Sciences and technology
Economy & company
- December 28th: edict instituting the Registration of copyright in France.
- Creation of the escudo and the double escudo in Spain (doubled bloom or sprays, 3,38 G of gold).
- Law imposing in England the housing of the poor of the parish in old people's homes whose treasury is fed by alms of Sunday.
Births in 1537
- October: Lady Jeanne Grey, future Queen of England
- October 12th: Edouard VI, future king d' Angleterre
Death in 1537
- January 6th: Alexandre de Médicis, known as Alexandre the Moor , large-duke of Tuscany. (° July 22nd 1510).
- July 2nd: Madeleine de France, niece of Louis XII and sister of Charles of Orleans (the third wire of François 1st), wife of the Scottish sovereign Jacques Stuart, of phthisis in Scotland.
- September 24th: Jean Ruel, Doctor and Botanist French (° towards 1479).
- October 12th: Jane Seymour dies in layer with the birth of the future Edouard VI of England.
- Jacques Lefèvre d' Étaples, with Nérac, theologist and humanistic (born v. 1450).
- Gil Vicente Portuguese playwright (1465-1537), author of religious parts ( Car da Fe ), of tragi-comedies ( Amadis de Gaula ), of comedies and jokes.
Be-X-old: 1537 Map-bms: 1537 Simple: 1537
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