This page relates to the year 1535 Calendrier Julien.
- July 21st: Catch of Tunis. Charles Quint (V) takes Tunis during its program against the Othoman Admiral Khayr AD-DIN Barberousse. It restores the sultan hafside Moulay Hassan (end in 1569).
- Ahmed Gragne (1506 - 1542) becomes sultan of Harrar (Adal).
- Ahmed Gragne invades the Tigré and joined the area of Kassala to the Sudan and the Moslem ground of Mazaga.
- the king of Ethiopia David II, unceasingly tracked, called upon the Portuguese with which it dispatches Bermudez, member of the Portuguese embassy of 1520. Those will intervene only twenty years later, in 1541.
- May 3rd: The forwarding of Hernán the Cortes in Low-California reached La Paz. The Cortes discovers the sea which will bear its name and asserts the California for the Spain. The difficulties which colonization (diseases, attacks of the Indians) encounters cause the recall of forwarding by the viceroy Antonio de Mendoza in 1540.
- August 10th: The feastday of the St. Lawrence, it makes slackening in a small bay that it calls St. Lawrence bay.
- the September 6th, it discovers the island with the Coudres, then goes until Hochelaga (Montreal). He baptizes the mountain “plowed and extremely fertile” in the center of this island the “Royal mount” (October 2nd).
- December 14th - April 15th 1536: During the wintering with Stadaconé (Quebec), 25 French die of the Scorbut. The others are saved by the intervention of the natives who make them introduce a decoction of barks of trees.
- Cartier returns to Saint-Malo the July 6th 1536 with the chief Donnacona carrying twelve gold nuggets.
- Jacques Cartier thinks of reaching the Pacifique by going up the St. Lawrence. The Iroquoises women whom he thinks of bringing back to France die during the voyage (1536), reinforcing the mistrust of the Indians on his return.
- January 18th: foundation of Ciudad of los Reyes (Lima).
- March 10th: The Spaniards discover the Galapagos Islands.
- April 17th: Foundation of the vice royalty of News Spain. Antonio de Mendoza (1490 - 1552) becomes viceroy of Nouvelle Spain (fine in 1550)
- May 6th: Foundation of Callao by Pizarro.
- June: Share Peruvian Empire between Francisco Pizarro, appointed marquis of Albabillos (New Castille) and Diego de Almagro (New Tolède). The father of Valverde becomes bishop of Cuzco.
- July 17th: Departure of Cuzco of the forwarding of Diego de Almagro with the Chile, with 570 Spaniards and 15 000 Indians under the orders of Paulus, brother of Manco Cápac II (fine in 1537). It loses 150 Spaniards and 10 000 Indians in the crossing of the the Andes before reaching the plain of Copiapo, then the Peaceful with Coquimbo. Passed Rio Recall, it runs up against the Araucan S which are opposed to any permanent installation of the colonists.
- Revolt of the INCA Manco Cápac II, taken refuge in the Andean mountain. It tries to take again Cuzco defended by Gonzalo, Juan and Hernando Pizarro.
- Beginning of the conquest of the Colombia by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada (fine in 1538).
- Venezuela: Unhappy forwarding of Georg Hobermuth, known as Espira, associated Nikolaus Federmann starting from Maracaibo.
- the sultan of the Gujerat has political problems and buys the assistance of the Portuguese at the price of the territories of Salsette, Basseim and of the islands of bay of Bombay (Karanja, Elephantâ, Trombay). The Portuguese secure the right to build a fort with Diu where they resist the attack of a Turkish fleet (1538).
The Middle East
- June 24th: Defeat of the Anabaptists of Münster.
- September 4th: Bag of Mahon (Minorque) by Aldine Khayr Barberousse.
- Jean Zapolyai offers to Ferdinand de Habsbourg a peace on a basis of division of the Hungary.
- Lübeck fails to restore the power of the Hanse.
- June 22nd: Execution of humanistic the John Fisher, bishop of Rochester.
- July 6th: In England, decapitation of Sir Thomas More.
- August: The pope Paul III sermon a crusade against England.
- Thomas Cromwell directs the religious affairs in England. He persecutes the catholics.
- the England appendix the Wales.
- Gracia Nasi, made stopover with London while going to Antwerp. It finds a community Marrane there 37 families.
- January 21st: The king François Ier directs the expiatory procession following the Affaire of the Wall cupboards.
- July 16th: Edict of Coucy offering the amnesty to reformed repented.
- July 9th: With died of the chancellor Duprat, the Council of in Top is dominated by the large lords: the dolphin, Marguerite de Navarre and her husband Henri d' Albret, Montmorency, the admiral Philippe Chub, Claude d' Annebaut, Claude of Own way, cardinals of Lorraine and Tournon. Philippe Chabot (1480 - 1543) becomes Prime Minister de facto.
- November: with died of François II Sforza (October 24th), François Ier asserts at once the Milanais for his/her son.
- October 4th: English language version of the Bible (authorization of the translation of Tyndale).
- November 25th: Angèle de Merici brings together with Brescia the sisters of the Compagnie of Holy-Ursule, laymen, alive in the century and not lending any wishes, to devote itself to female teaching. The order will be approved by the pope Paul III in 1544.
- Bible of Olivetan, first version of a Protestant Bible in French (Pierre Robert Olivétan, Lefèvre d' Étaples, Bonaventure Of Périers).
- William Tyndale, author of the English translation of the Bible, is condemned to roughed-hew by the Inquisition.
Arts & cultures
- the humanistic scientist preacher Johannes Honterus equips the Church with Brassó (Brasov) of a printing works. Passed in the Reform, it publishes works Lutherans thereafter.
- Madonna with the long neck , of the Parmesan.
Sciences and technology
- the Dutch anatomist André Vésale ( Vesalius ) carries out Dissection S with Paris.
- February 13rd: The Italian mathematician Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia develops a method to solve the cubic equations.
Economy & company
- Stabilization of the prices in Europe (1535 - 1545).
- Fair of Besancon, offered by Charles Quint to the bankers génois in compensation of the loss of the access to the fair of Lyon.
Births in 1535
Death in 1535
- January 10th: Charles Jégou, abbot of Daoulas of 1519 with 1535.
- July 6th: Thomas More, writer, Philosopher, Theologist and Politician English, and chancellor of England is carried out on order D Henri VIII.
- July 9th: Duprat, chancellor of France.
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- November: Francesco II Sforza, duke of Milan.
- Raimund Fugger, banking German (born in 1489).
- Heinrich Cornelius Clutched von Nettesheim, doctor and German philosopher (Cologne, 1486 - Grenoble, 1535).
- Jan Gossaert, known as Mabuse, painter and Flemish draftsman (v. 1478 - v.1535).
Be-X-old: 1535 Map-bms: 1535 Simple: 1535
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