This page relates to the year 1532 Calendrier Julien.
- January 22nd, Brazil: Martin Afonso founds the first village of colonization: the Villa of São Vicente (State of São Paulo).
- the system of the donee is generalized in 1532: stations of defense are yielded like donation to various noble Portuguese. Brazil is divided into 15 batch of 50 side miles, entrusted each one to a captain-donee. The king of Portugal delegates to each one part of his capacities soldier, legal and administrative. They obtain 20% of the grounds of the harbor office, the right to reduce the Indians in slavery, to perceive certain royalty. The colonists owe to the captain-donee the military service and the payment of certain taxes. They receive a ground concession ( Sesmaria ) and the right to the catholic worship whose maintenance must be paid by the king. The king preserves the perception of the dizimes (said), the monopoly of the wood-Brazil and spices and the tax of the quinto (the fifth of the stones and the extracted noble metals). The first slaves africians are introduced in Brazil.
- Beginning of the conquest of the Empire INCA by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro (fine in 1534).
- victorious Atahualpa of Huascar, becomes INCA.
- May 16th: Francisco Pizarro leaves Tumbez. He discovers the port of Paita and ensures his backs. He receives a messenger of Huascar which claims help near him.
- September 24th: Pizarro leaves towards the south with 168 men.
- November 15th: With Cajamarca, Pizarro meets the army of Atahualpa, which intends to seize the power with Cuzco, and undertakes talks with its chief.
- November 16th: Pizarro, which one suspects of disloyalty, succeeds in seizing the person of the INCA which accepts all the conditions imposed for its release (including 88 m ³ of gold of ransom, joined together in July 1533). The ransom is shared between the winners after sending of the quinto in Spain, but Pizarro prefers to carry out the INCA for the murder of his/her Huascar brother. It will be burned alive in front of the soldiers (August 29th 1533).
- the Indian population of the Mexico, decimated by the Variola, the Measles, the Influenza and the Plague, falls to 17 million inhabitants. (Less than 2 million in 1580).
June 25th: Beginning of the fourth countryside of Süleyman Ier in Central Europe. It crosses the Hungary. The Styrie is devastated. Thanks to subsidies obtained of the general states of the Netherlands and German diet, Charles Quint joins together an army with Vienna, but the sultan is delayed with Köszeg, at the border Austro-Hungarian and the confrontation does not take place (autumn).
- July 23rd: By the Peace of Nuremberg, the Protestants of the Saint Empire have the right to practice their worship. Charles Quint grants to the Protestants not to apply the decisions of Augsburg in exchange of subsidies for the war against the Turks.
- July 25th: Promulgation of the Lex Carolina by the Diet of Empire to Ratisbon.
- the Anabaptistes, led by Jean de Leyde found a Community “kingdom of Sion” to Münster, which will be crushed in 1535 by the bishop of Münster and Philippe de Hesse.
- Bullinger proposes with the Council of city a text on the organization of the Church of Zurich.
- the emperor Charles Quint prohibits to the access to the Flandres new Portuguese Christians on the way towards the Turkey.
- Andrea Doria seizes Patras and Lépante for the emperor.
- Movement against the reform Lutheran in Sweden. Gustav Vasa makes remove a bell in the bell-tower of each church to face the foreign debt of the State, which shocks the beliefs of the peasants (revolt of the bells).
- War of the Denmark against the Hanse (fine in 1534).
- May 13rd: The Convocation (Assembled general of the clergy) is submitted to the king and agrees to pour a fine of 130 000 pounds to have recognized the authority of Thomas Wolsey, papal legate, which is contrary with the right ( statute off Praemunire , 1353). The Convocation must in the future present all its decisions to the examination of the king.
- May 14th: Thomas More refuses to support the request of Henri VIII, which wished to divorce Catherine d' Aragon. He resigns of the chancellery and withdraws public life. The king makes it imprison in 1534 and decapitate in 1535.
- Thomas Cromwell becomes minister as a chief of the king Henry VIII of England.
- the Parlement orders a revision of the canon law and entrusts this spot at a commission of 16 ecclesiastic and 16 members of the Parliament.
- Thomas Cranmer becomes ambassador of Henri attached to the court of the emperor Charles Quint. He marries in Germany a niece of the theologist Lutheran Andreas Osiander. It is little laid out to return to England because it fears to have to cancel this union if it is named archbishop of Canterbury.
- July: Turkish embassy in France.
- August 4th: Petition of the states of Brittany to Valves devoting the union duchy of Brittany with the kingdom of France (Edict of Plessis-Macé in September). The province obtains maintains it of its freedoms and privileges, of which free roads.
- August 13rd: Edict of Union of Brittany in France.
- October: Interview of Calais between Henri VIII and François Ier. Franco-English treaty.
- the Drill and the Beaujolais is joined together with the royal field.
- Calvin begins his work with Paris.
- the Vaudois of Provence adhere to the theses Luther.
- Creation of the Treasury of the saving.
- the framework of recruitment becomes the legion, made up of 6 troops of 1 000 men, each one divided into two signs ordered by a captain. In the middle of the century, the legion yields the place to the regiment.
- the Parlement of Paris makes stop all the beggars of the city for the faires “to work in the attached sewers (…) two by two by chains”. Because of insecurity, the vagrants are not any more protected by Christian morals as with the Moyen-âge but like potential enemies of the established order.
- Order of the Somasques: Girolamo Miani joins together in Somasca, close to Bergamo, of the monks dedicated to the orphans, the poor and the patients.
Arts & cultures
- the French writer François Rabelais starts to publish Gargantua and Pantagruel .
- First edition with accompanying notes of works of François Villon by Clement Marot.
- Adolescence clementine , collection of poetries of Clement Marot.
- Publication of the final version of the furious Roland , epopee of the Arioste.
- Construction of the church of the Rise with Kolomenskoié, close to Moscow.
- Jupiter and Antiope and Io and Ganymède , fabrics of Corrège.
Sciences and technology
- Passage of the Halley's Comet.
- April: Oronce Fine becomes the first holder of the mathematical pulpit of to the Royal Collège.
Births in 1532
Death in 1532
- Huascar : prince INCA, makes the INCA of it, assassinated by the Spaniards on the instigation of his half-brother Atahualpa, prince INCA, who deviendre in his turn the INCA.
Be-X-old: 1532 Map-bms: 1532 Simple: 1532
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