This page relates to the year 1526 Calendrier Julien.
- April 5th:
- Diego García explores the Pilcomayo, with the Paraguay.
- Sebastien Pooch, wire of John, share of Cadiz to explore the Rio of Plata and the Rio Paraná (fine in 1530).
- July - October 18th: Failure of Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in its attempt at exploration of the Florida.
- Beginning of the reign of Mohammed, king (May) of the Bornou (fine in 1545). He endeavors to consolidate the conquests of Idriss II threatened in the west by the States Haoussa against which he directs a military forwarding.
- April 21st: Victoire of Bâbur to the First battle of Pânipat on the sultan of Delhi whose army is higher of number. Bâbur uses for the first time in India of the guns and the firearms. It occupies all the valley of Gange (fine in 1530) and founds the Empire moghol in India of North.
- June 9th: Beginning of the reign of Go-Nara, emperor of the Japan (fine in 1557).
- Beginning of the reign in India of Bahâdûr Shâh, sultan of the Gujerat (fine in 1537). It annexes the Mâlwa as well as other territories.
- the Portugal takes the island of Bintam, which closes the Détroit of Malacca close to Singapore.
Oceania & the Pacific
- the Spanish explorer Jorge de Menezes the first to be accosted in New Guinea.
The Middle East
- January 14th: Treaty of Madrid. François Ier de France gives up its rights on Naples and Milan, the seigniory of Artois and Flanders and restores with Charles Quint the duchy of Burgundy. He promises to marry Eléonor, sister of the emperor.
- Of return of captivity (March 17th), François Ier does not apply the treaty in front of the opposition of the Parlement of Paris, preserves the Burgundy and takes again the war after having concluded the Ligue from Cognac with the pope, Venice and Francesco Sforza (May 21st).
- March 11th: Charles Quint wife Isabelle of Portugal.
- August: François Ier de France starts talks with Soliman the Magnificent the which threatens Vienna.
- August 26th: Frederic Ier of Denmark imposes Sparre as archbishop of Lund without referring about it to the the Vatican. The Council of the kingdom approves its decision.
- Frederic Ier introduces the Lutheranism into its States with the preachers Hans Tausen, which made its studies with Wittenberg, and Paul Helgesen. The diet of Odense decides to make preach the Bible in all the kingdom of Denmark. Christian of Holstein, wire of the king, supports the reform in his duchy.
- August 27th, Diet of Whorl: Ferdinand Ier grants to the Protestant princes freedom to impose the religion of their choice in their fields ( Cujus regio, ejus religio ). Measures to improve the country condition are taken. The German princes obtain the nomination for the benefits, up to that point provided by the Holy See.
- the new Grounds of Provence , stronghold of the House of Savoy, take the name of Comté of Nice, with the administrative and nonfeudal direction.
- Anne de Montmorency becomes governor of the Languedoc.
- François Guichardin becomes general lieutenant of the pontifical armies.
- Conversion forced of the mudéjares of Aragon (Morisques).
- Legal settlement between the Spain and the Church.
- the Guerre of the Peasants increased the power of the lords and the local governments in Germany. Charles Quint, occupied by its fight against François Ier, let them make. Its policy against the Lutheranism lies within the scope of the fight for the primacy in Europe. The denominational debate becomes political.
- In its work Of the European conflicts and the Turkish war , the Spanish Humaniste Luis Sharp recommends a union of the kingdoms of Europe against the Turks.
Central Europe & Balkans
- September 10th: The Turks put Buda at bag then leave the country. Süleyman supports Zapolyai, voïévode of Transylvania, against Ferdinand of Austria to succeed Louis II.
- October 23rd: Ferdinand de Habsbourg is elected king of Bohemia.
- November 10th: Jean Ier Zapolyai is elected without king difficulty of Hungary to the diet of Székesfehérvár.
- December 17th: Diet of Presbourg: Ferdinand de Habsbourg is elected king of Hungary.
- January: Taking pretext of the sterility of its wife, Vassili III divorce in spite of the reserves of the orthodoxe Church (November 1525) then wife Héléna Glinska, who will be the mother of the future Ivan the Terrible.
- Sigismond Ier of Poland appendix the Mazovie.
- Second embassy of Sigismond von Herberstein with Moscow (Comments). The truce between the Lithuania and the Russia is prolonged.
Economy & company
- Introduction of the Cane to sugar to the Brazil.
- Germany: Imperial decree removing the corporations, obtained by the nobility. The text is not applied.
- Hungary: After Mohács, where the majority of the prelates of Hungary perishes, the majority of évêchés are vacant and king Ferdinand as from many tycoons benefit from it to put the hand above. Several monasteries and rich chapters undergo the same fate. Certain lords converted with the Reform exproprient the goods of the Catholic church, whereas from other pass them to the Protestant Church of their jurisdiction.
Sciences and technology
discovered Zinc by Paracelsus.
- the Capuchin S, resulting from the Franciscain S, restore the rule of total poverty.
- the Protestantisme is recognized by the Diet of Empire.
- Order of the divine service and Formula for the mass , of Luther.
- Amica Exegesis , of Zwingli (the ceremony of the Cène is not a commemoration of the last meal of the Christ. Luther answers him by the Grande confession of Holy Cène where it develops the doctrines of the Consubstantiation.
- Sweden: Olaus $petri publishes a useful teaching , which exposes the doctrines Lutheran, and the translation of the Bible in Swedish. Hans Brask answers by diffusing the text of the mandate of Charles Quint, launched against the Lutheranism. Olaus $petri retorts in 1527 with the Réponses to seven questions.
Arts and cultures
- In France, the captivity of the king involves a wave of repression in the religious field: dispersion of the Coterie of Meaux where, in the coasts of the bishop Briçonnet appeared Lefèvre d' Etaples, Martial Mazurier, Gerard Roussel and Michel d' Arante.
- Clement Marot in prison in Chatelet, then in Chartres, to have eaten flesh in Lent, writing Epistle in Lyon Jamet and the Hell .
- Italy: The “ vulgar language ” established by Pietro Bembo is accepted with Perugia.
- Hyperaspistes (the Defender) of Érasme which concluded the polemic with Luther.
- Beginning of the first stay of the painter Hans Holbein in England (fine in 1543). It engraves on wood the macabre dance .
- the dead Christ and the Passion of Christ , fabrics of the German painter Hans Holbein the Young person carried out between 1519 and 1526.
- the German painter Albrecht To last painted the four apostles .
- Last Judgment , polyptyque painted by Lucas de Leyde (1526 - 1527).
- Corrège painted the Assumption of the Virgin (1526 - 1530), fresco of the cathedral of Parma.
- the Deposition of the Pontormo (1526 - 1528, Holy-Happiness, Florence).
Births in 1526
Death in 1526
June 21st: Pierre de Morlhon, Lord of Huts.
- August 28th: Louis II of Hungary
- Vittore Carpaccio, Italian painter, died with Venice.
- Pedro Alvares Cabral (born in 1440).
Be-X-old: 1526 Map-bms: 1526 Simple: 1526
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