This page relates to the year 1497 Calendrier Julien.
- June 24th: With the service of the England, the Venetian navigator Jean Pooch ( Giovanni Caboto ), started from Bristol-board the May 2nd, explores the coasts of the North America and approaches Newfoundland or the island of Cape-Breton the (Canada) which it asserts for England. It skirts the coasts of the Labrador and New England, which it takes for the north-eastern end of Asia.
- November 22nd: The Portuguese navigator double Vasco de Gama the Cape of Good Hope after three months of navigation without to have seen the ground. He arrives on the African Eastern coast to Christmas (bay of Natal). He reaches Sofala.
The Middle East
- the Turk Djaghataï Babur, prince of Ferghâna, vainly tries to take Samarkand.
- February 7th: To rough-hew Vanities with Florence.
- April: Marguerite, girl of Maximilien Ier, wife gift Juan of Spain which dies the October 4th.
- May 13rd: Savonarole is excommunicated by the pope Alexandre VI.
- August, France: Creation of the the Great Council with the head of the legal hierarchy (1497 - 1498).
- October 26th: Beginning of the reign of Jean II, king of Sweden (fine in 1501).
- an armistice having intervened between Russian and Swedish, Jean Ier of Denmark declares only the war with the Sweden. The archbishop of Uppsala, which dominates the Council, passes in the Danish camp. A Danish army, made up German mercenaries, appears in front of Stockholm; the troops of Sten Sture are beaten with Rotebro, in the north of the city (September 28th). Jean is made crown king de Suède. Sten Sture Old the receives in stronghold the Finland.
- November 7th: Beginning of the reign of Philibert II of Savoy (fine in 1489).
- the Senate of Venice orders the expulsion of the Marrane S of the city.
- the Canton of the Grisons is combined with the confederation Helvétique.
- Maximilien Ier is reached by the Syphilis.
- June 14th, revolt antifiscale of Cornouailles: Battle of Guildford.
- June 17th: The rebels of Cornouailles, led by Michael Year Gof, are crushed with the battle of Deptford Bridge or Blackheath.
Beginning of the rebellion of Perkin Warbeck in England, adventurous Flemish who claims to be the duke Richard of York, youngest of the children of Edouard IV of England assassinated in the Tour of London in 1483 (fine in 1499). With the support of Marguerite of Burgundy, sister of Edouard IV, Germany and king d' Écosse, it tries to invade England but is made prisoner (September).
Treated Boulogne between England and France.
- March 19th: The king Manuel Ier of Portugal orders the baptism forced of all the children Juifs from four to fourteen years. Certain Jews prefer to kill their children and to commit suicide. Many children are separated from their parents to receive a Christian education.
- May 30th: The king makes publish a regulation promising for one twenty years duration protection and immunity with the new Christians who are likely to be molestés for questions of faith.
- July 8th: The Portuguese Vasco de Gama leaves Lisbon. He discovers the road of the the Indies by the Cape of Good Hope (1497-1499).
- October: Expulsion of the Jews which refuse the baptism in Portugal. The Chief rabbi Simon Maimi dies under torture not to be converted. King Manuel makes gather 20 000 Jews with Lisbon to embark them towards the the Azores or the Africa. It makes pressure on them to convert them. At the time of the departure, it makes throw on the crowd piled up in the ships of large water bénite buckets, proclaims them Christian and the fact of unloading.
- Etienne Large the of Moldavie fight against the Polish.
- Demolished of the Poles with Suceava against the Othoman .
- Russia: Promulgation of a code of laws for all the country, the Retributive ( Soudiebnik ), which marks a great severity compared to the former laws. Armistice with the Sweden.
Art & culture
- humanistic the Conrad Celtes becomes professor at the university of Vienna where it founds a learned society, the literary Société of the Danube ( Sodalitas literaria danubiana ).
- Treated on the mode and the government of Florence , Savonarole.
- the Azolains , poems of Pietro Bembo, published in 1505.
- Albrecht Dürer develops a sales network ensuring the broadest diffusion of its engravings.
- Filippino Lippi decorates the walls with the Strozzi vault to Florence (v. 1497 - 1502).
- the Parnassus , of Andrea Mantegna, allegorical painting ordered by Isabelle d' Este.
- the Flemish type-setter Heinrich Isaac becomes musician at the court of the emperor Maximilien Ier. It shares its time between Vienna and Florence, birthplace of his wife. Named diplomatic representative of the Tuscan court of Maximilien in , it settles finally in Florence where the son of Laurent de Médicis allocates a pension to him.
Economy & company
- Vasco de Gama embarks more than 150 men on board two similar naves, a caravel and a boat of accompaniment for the provisions. Among them, common law criminal, “ desgradados ”, which repurchase their freedom with the danger of their life. Two men out of three will perish in the course of road, in particular because of the Scorbut.
Births in 1497
- February 16th: Philippe Melanchthon, reformer
- Hans Holbein the Young person, painter and German engraver
Death in 1497
- June 14th: Assassination of the Duke of Gandie, wire of the Pope Alexandre VI Borgia.
- October 4th: Infant of Castille Juan. Jeanne Insane the, wife of Philippe the Beautiful, becomes heiress of Castille.
Be-X-old: 1497 Map-bms: 1497 Simple: 1497
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