This page relates to the year 1415 Calendrier Julien.
August 22nd: The Portuguese take Ceuta, setting up the foundations of a Portuguese Empire in Africa. The catch of the city costs the dead Portuguese eight and a day of unloading. They put the hand on its twenty-four shops full of spice of the East, gold of Sudan, silk trade and other richnesses.
- the franciscain Frei Amaro is named bishop of Ceuta.
- the sultan of Ifat Saad-ED-DIN carries the holy war in Ethiopia. The emperor Yéshaq, victorious of Ifat, takes the port of Zeilah (1415). He attacks Massaoua twice, lance a fleet against the islands Dahlac, pushes in the south to the lake Abaya, seizes the Enarya and of its gold mines, engages of the wars against the judaïsés Agao, the Falachas. It gradually eliminates them from the Dembéya and the Ouoguéra, where it establishes the churches of Kosogué and Yéshaq-Dabr.
- Council of Constancy (1414 - 1418) :
- March 26th: the council announces its intention not to separate before to have restored the unit of the Church and its discipline.
- April 4th: by its decree Sacrosanta it stops that the council represents the very whole Church and that its capacity comes to him directly from the Christ: all thus, including the pope, owe him full obedience.
- Jan Hus, given up by the king Sigismond (April 8th), judged (June 5th) and is condemned to died like heretic, range, then flaring (July 6th). Its Jerome disciple is summoned to appear before the council (April 17th) and is brought to Constance charged with chains (May 23rd). He will be flaring the May 30th 1416.
- July: the council solves the Great Schism of Occident by the election of Martin V after the resignation of Gregoire XII, pope in Rome, and the deposition of the two other popes (Pisa and Avignon).
- the council condemns definitively the sect of the Whipping S.
Holy roman Empire
- April 30th: to refund its debts, Sigismond Ier of the Holy roman Empire sells the Margraviat de Brandebourg with Frederic de Hohenzollern (Prince-voter in 1417).
- the Hussites of Bohemia are raised at the same time against papacy and the empire: 452 barons and knights address a protest to the Concile of Constancy in September.
- has Prague, the disciples of Jan Hus hold the majority of the churches where they apply the discipline of their Master, in particular the communion under the two species. They are based on the minor nobility which covets the grounds of the rich person monasteries and on the people mobilized by sermons violent one. A center is constituted in the south-east of Prague which takes the biblical name of Tábor and will be their refuge.
- the Eternal Ligue Suisse makes the conquest of the district of the Aar pertaining to the Habsbourg.
- Vitovt of Lithuania intervenes to make elect with the pulpit of Kiev the Bulgarian Gregoire Tsamblak. Photius, métropolite of Moscow, protests. Gregoire is excommunicated by Constantinople.
- the antipape of Avignon Benoit XIII (Pedro de Luna), then in escape, is deposited by the council of Constancy (1415 and 1417). It takes refuge at his place in the citadel of Peñiscola (Spain).
the Jewish of Murviedo, in the Kingdom of Valence, obtain from the king Alphonse V of Aragon the abrogation of all measurements of prohibition. They will not be compels with the port of the Rouelle, will be able to circulate freely Sunday, will listen to the preaching friars only if those come to speak in their Synagog S.
- Début from Atlantic forwardings with the Portugal. Raid of the captain of Trasto in direction of the the Canaries.
- August 3rd: English unloading close to Harfleur, 1 400 ships, of artillery and a total of 30 000 men.
- August 19th: Henri V of England besieges Harfleur, which capitulates the September 22nd.
- October 25th: The French Army made up of 50 000 men is crushed by the troops of 15 000 men of Henri V of England to the Battle of Azincourt . The losses rise with close to 10 000 men against 1 600 on the English side, showing the superiority of the English strategy based on the use of the Archer S against the heavy cavalry of the French knights. Following the battle, Charles of Orleans escapes from sticking, contrary its comrades in arms, and becomes prisoner of the king of England - there will remain to it 25 years - and begins its poetic work. Jean II Boucicaut, Marshal of France, is also made prisoner.
- December 18th: Died of the dolphin Louis.
- December 30th: Bernard of Armagnac is named constable of France and makes reign terror in Paris.
Art & culture
- Filippo Brunellesco known as Brunellesci discovers the fundamental laws of the prospect with Florence, this discovery marks the beginning of the Italian Renaissance.
- Gentile da Fabriano decorates Broletto with Brescia (fine in 1419). There does not remain any trace of these paintings.
- Donatello carves the statue of Georges Saint to Florence (fine in 1417).
- Weakening of the great patronage in the French royal field for the benefit of the ducal court of Burgundy and Jean de Berry.
- the emperor Sigismond calls with Buda humanistic Italian Pietro Paolo Vergerio.
Births in 1415
Death in 1415
- October 25th:
- Jean Ier, duke of Alençon, with the Battle of Azincourt
- Antoine of the Brabant (or Antoine of Burgundy ), count de Rethel (1393 - 1406), duke of the Brabant, of Limbourg and marquis d' Anvers (1406 - 1415), wire of Philippe II Bold the, duke of Burgundy, with the Battle of Azincourt.
- Edouard III, duke of Bar, grandson of the King de France Jean II '' the Good '', with the Battle of Azincourt.
- Ferry Ier de Vaudémont, count de Vaudémont, wire of Jean Ier, duke of Lorraine, with the Battle of Azincourt.
- Jean IV of Bueil, Large-Master of the Principal rafters of France, Chamberlain of the duke of Anjou, with the Battle of Azincourt.
- Louis de Poix, knight, lord of Brimeu, Saint-Maxent, Huppy, etc, with the Battle of Azincourt.
- Pierre de Beauvoir, Baillif of the Vermandois, with the Battle of Azincourt.
- Robert de Wavrin, Seneshal of Flanders, with the Battle of Azincourt.
- Jean de Werchin, Seneshal of Hainaut, with the Battle of Azincourt.
- November 3rd:
- Charles Ier d' Albret, Constable of France, Count de Dreux, Large-Master of the Order of the White Lady, the continuations of the wounds received with the Battle of Azincourt.
- Hugues III of Amboise, lord of Chaumont, adviser and Chamberlain of the King, the continuations of the wounds received with the Battle of Azincourt.
- December 18th: Louis de Guyenne, dolphin of France.
Be-X-old: 1415 Map-bms: 1415 Nds-nl: 1415
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