This page relates to the year 1400 Calendrier Julien.
- Beginning of the reign of Viracocha (approximate date). Resumption of the expasion of the empire INCA.
- Extinction of the culture Hohokam in Arizona. Many sites are abandoned.
- Fine of Scandinavian colonization to the Greenland following several very rigorous winters.
- China: The Confucianism, interpreted in a rigorous way, became official religion and is used as a basis for the absolutism of the Ming.
Parameswara, an exiled prince of Palembang founds the kingdom of Malacca, in the peninsula Malaise. It would have perhaps converted with the Islam. It is surrounded by an aristocracy of Orang Laut (“men of the sea”), decided to control the maritime trade of the Indian Ocean with the China Sea.
- the emperor of China sends a mission to Malacca as of 1403, and Parameswara will return four times personally to him visits.
The Middle East
- Victoire of Tamerlan on the Qara Qoyunlu.
- Forwarding of the sultan Mameluke burjite of Egypt Faradj in Syria against Tamerlan.
- August: Tamerlan goes of Malatya towards Alep, takes Hama, Homs and Baalbek and is presented in front of Damas. Faradj gives up the city after a show of defense. The inhabitants send an embassy (of which the Tunisian historian Ibn Khaldoun) to negotiate rendering. The citadel is taken all the same and the Large partially burnt Mosque. Tamerlan sets out again and Syria falls down to the hands of the Mamelukes.
- January 7th: Schedule Charles VI of France mentioning for the first time the term of Pays of election (royal jurisdiction of first authority whose judges were elected by the people).
- November 17th: The Capitoul S of Toulouse obtain from the king Charles VI to be again twelve, like formerly.
- January 6th: Epiphany Rising . Discovered of a plot warped against the new king Henri IV, by the degraded Lords of the titles with which the king deposited, Richard II, had honoured them.
- February 14th: Murder of the ex-king Richard II in the Turn of London.
- Henri IV invades the Scotland.
Beginning of the last Welsh rebellion carried out by Owen Glendower, combined with the French and the Scot (until in 1415).
Holy roman Empire
- August 21st: Beginning of the reign of Robert de Wittelsbach, Germanic Roman Emperor (until in 1410).
- Deposition of Wenceslas by the seven voters. It gives up the empire with his brother Sigismond.
- Robert of Palatinat is elected King of the Romans. He is not recognized in all the empire.
- Jan Hus (1371 - 1415), resulting from a poor family of the Bohemia of the South is ordered priest after his studies at the university of Prague.
- the duke of Milan Jean Galéas Visconti takes Perugia, Assise, Spolète, Lucques and Bologna (1400 - 1401).
the doges of Venice Michele Steno (1400 - 1413) then Tommaso Mocenigo make profitable the weakening of the Hungarian and the Habsbourg to the catches with the Turks to cut down the Carrare and the Della Scala of Vérone of which the territorial ambitions became menaçantes.
- April 23rd: Beginning of the reign of Alexandre Ier de Moldavie, prince of Moldavie (fine in 1432).
- the patriarch of Constantinople appoints the Iosif bishop of Cetatea Alba for the metropolitan seat of Moldovalachie to Suceava then with Iasi.
- Theodore Paleologist, despot of the Peloponnese, sells Corinthe with the Chevaliers of Rhodos.
- Beginning of the reign of Chadi Beg, khan of the Horde of Gold (fine in 1407). It takes again the raids against the Russian . The capacity belongs to the chief of the horde Nogaï or Mengit, the Idi qu (1400 - 1412).
victorious Forwarding of the Muscovites against the Bulgarian of the Volga. Their capital, Bolgar, are taken.
Art & culture
- Construction of the Chartreuse of Pavia (fine in 1471).
the French historian Jean Froissart finishes his Chroniques .
- the philosopher Ibn Khaldoun accompanies the sultan Mamelouk with Damas, within the framework of a forwarding aiming at resisting the invasion of the chief tatar Tamerlan.
- Restoration of the university of Cracow by Ladislas II Jagellon. It will be re-elected at the 15th century for its school of Astronomie and Mathématiques.
- In Russia, drafting of the Account of the battle of Mamaï (anonymous)
Science & technology
- Opening of the hospital Bedlam for mentally ills with London.
- the Jewish doctor of Tuleda (Spain) Josef Ben Menir exerts with Messine and Catane (fine in 1410).
- First mention of a discovery of Mammoth frozen in Siberia.
Economy & company
- the population of the Ground rises to some 375 million men.
- Beijing is more the big city of the world. In the center the city-palate (today Cité prohibited) is, with the residences and the imperial courtrooms. The city is ordered around this complex, with the offices of eunuques of the administration, the gardens, the parks, the stores and the factories. Crushed a brick ground rampart avoided surrounds all the city, which measures 6,5 km out of 5,5 km.
- population of the England, which was estimated in 1350 at approximately 4 million inhabitants fell down between 2 and 2,2 million after the Black Death.
- 150 000 inhabitants with Paris.
- Buda and joined together Pest counts 15 000 inhabitants. Sopron, Debrecen and Szeged counts of them 4000 each one. Pozsony and the mining cities of High Hungary and Transylvania also develop.
- 25 000 Juifs approximately live in Poland at the end of the 15th century.
Births in 1400
Death in 1400
May 6th, Louis d' Évreux, count d' Étampes
- February 17th? , Richard II of England.
- October 25th: Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet, with the abbey of Westminster (born v. 1343), author of the Tales of Canterbury .
- Jean Froissart, French chronicler (born v. 1337, unknown date of death). Its Chronic of France, of England, of Scotland and Spain reports the events which have occurred of 1323 at the end of the 14th century.
Be-X-old: 1400 Map-bms: 1400 Nds-nl: 1400 Simple: 1400
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