This page relates to the year 1391 Calendrier Julien.
- Arrived of Jewish Séfarades at Constantine and Algiers.
- June 18th: Victoire of Tamerlan on the khan of the Horde of Gold Tokhtamysh on the Kondurcha river, close to the the Volga.
- Beginning of the reign of Gedündub, first Dalaï Lama of the Tibet (until in 1474).
- March 7th: Manuel II Paleologist flees of Brousse where he was prisoner of the Othomans and returns triumphantly to Constantinople.
- Beginning of the Manual reign of II Paleologist, Byzantine Emperor (until in 1425). It drives out throne its nephew Jean VII Paleologist and undertakes a great diplomatic round in Occident which does not bring back anything to him.
- November 1st: Beginning of the reign of Amédée VIII of Savoy (until in 1440).
Seat of Constantinople.
- the Serbia is placed under the protection of the Turks.
- Conquest of the Thessalie by the Othoman S.
- June 4th: A violent riot devastates the Jewish district of Seville before gaining the Andalusia and the Aragon (5 to 10.000 victims). Many conversions follow (1391 - 1419).
- August 5th: With Barcelona, the foreign sailors and employees plunder the juderia , before raising themselves against the city. Borja, on the Èbre, the queen Violente of Aragon however allows the corregidor S of the Aljama to buy weapons to defend herself.
- August 24th: The Jews of Palma de Majorque are massacred. The survivors must convert.
- the Chief rabbi of Burgos, Solomon ha-Levi, is made baptize with all its family (July) and will become bishop of Burgos under the name of Pablo de Santa Maria. He and his/her brother Alvar de Santa Maria will be virulent writers anti-semites. In Aragon, Josuah ha-Lorki of Alcañiz becomes Jerome de Santa Fe. The cartographer of Burgos, Jeuda Cresques, the doctor of Perpignan, main Bonjorn Bonnet, convert, just like the juderia Barcelona following the riot. Other Jews prefer the exile: Isaac Ben Chechet, Simon Duran (Algiers) and Josef Ben Menir (Constantine) leaves to the the Maghreb. A nave for the Middle East is chartered with Barcelona. Others leave for the Provence.
Art & culture
- May 24th: Constitutive instrument of the Vault of Bethlehem to Prague for the Czech people. It allows many preaching where academics spread the ideas of Wyclif, whose realism is opposed to nominalism German academics;
- Manual II Paleologist, of return of Occident, decides the meeting of all the lesson in the same building, the Universal Museum (Katholikon Mouseion), which direct one of the four “general judges of the Romans”, of which most remarkable will be Jean Argyropoulos and Georges Scholarios. One teaches the Philosophie there and the Rhétorique but one endeavors to seize the deep sense of the old texts. The University finds the taste of the exact sciences in the tradition alexandrine. As of the end of the century, the vogue of Byzantine teaching reaches the occident.
Births in 1391
Death in 1391
- February 16th: Jean V Paleologist, Byzantine Emperor.
- : Gaston III of Foix-Béarn, known as Gaston Fébus , count de Foix, Viscount of Béarn. (° April 30th 1331).
- November 1st: Amédée VII of Savoy.
Be-X-old: 1391 Map-bms: 1391 Nds-nl: 1391 Simple: 1391
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