This page relates to the year 1240 Calendrier Julien.
- Soundiata Keïta takes the title of emperor and sends his lieutenants to conquer the Bambouk.
- Kangaba and Niani, capitals of the Mali.
- the Mongolian attack several monasteries Tibetans.
- New Mongolian incursions in India of North. Lahore is devastated.
- Revolt of noble Turkish carried out by Altuniya in the Sultanate of Delhi. Raziyya the wife but they is assassinated by a Hindu fanatic (October 13rd).
- the chiefs Turkish ( maliks ) force to the sultans Delhi to create the position of regent ( nâ' ib ); gradually, this one comes from there to hold the capacity virtually.
The Middle East
- Malik Al-Salih, being wary of the elements traditional of the army ayyoubide (free Kurdish soldiers, regiment of slaves Mameluke created by its predecessors like Salahiya of Saladin and Kamiliya of Al-Kamil) is surrounded by a guard mamelouke of its creation, quartered on an island of the Nile (Bahr the year-Nile), which gives him the name of Bahriya have-Salihiya.
Retrocession of Safet and Beaufort by the Moslems in the Latin States of the East.
- Offensive Mongolian at the beginning of the summer. Batu puts at bag Pereïaslav, Tchernigov and the principalities of the southernmost Russia.
- July 15th: The Russian prince Alexandre Nevski demolishes the Swedish and the Chevaliers Teutoniques, which tried to invade its principality of Novgorod, with the Bataille of Néva. He shortly after is driven out by vietché of Novgorod.
- This battle will be the subject of film of Sergueï Eisenstein, Alexandre Nevski, at the time of the invasion of the Soviet Union by the Nazi Germany, the June 22nd 1941, and will galvanize Russian patriotism.
- December 6th: Kiev is destroyed. All its inhabitants are massacred. The Mongols devastate the Volhynie and the Galicie. All the south of Russia is devastated. Évêchés of Pereïaslav, Belgorod and Iouriev disappear.
- Fleeing the Mongols, Michel of Kiev and Daniel de Volhynie pass in Hungary. Daniel fails in his projects of crusade against the Mongols. After the devastation of Western Russia, Daniel tries to repopulate the area by installing Hungarian, Polish and German colonists there.
Foundation of Lvov, which replaces Kiev as places of trade between the east and the west.
- the Mongolian invasions devastate the Silesia (fine in 1242), of which the duke, Henri II the Piles, is killed Lord of the Bataille of Legnica (Lignitz) in 1241. During one half-century, the Mongolian carry out raids devastators starting from the red Ruthénie (area of Halicz) of which they remain Masters.
- Repression of the revolt in the territories about the teutonic Knights (Prussia, Livonie, Courlande).
- April 10th: edict of expulsion of the Jewish of Brittany by the duke Jean the Russet-red with Ploërmel.
- May 24th: Defeat and died of the usurper Skúli Bárdarson, overcome by Håkon IV of Norway.
- June 25th: Discusses with the Juifs in connection with the Talmud in the presence of Louis IX of France and Blanche of Castille. The prosecutor, the Jewish apostate Nicolas Donin, obtains the judgment of Talmud which will be flaring publicly the June 6th 1242.
- September 17th: Revolt of the Viscount Raimond Trencavel helped of Olivier de Termes. He besieges Carcassonne.
- October 11th: Raimond Trencavel must raise the head office of Carcassonne after the intervention of the royal army.
- Frederic II prohibits the council convened by Gregoire IX.
- Gregoire IX offers the imperial crown to Robert Ier d' Artois, brother of the king of France, which refuses.
- First episodes of the fight carried out by the kings of Norway against the encroachments of the Hanse.
- Hanséates obtain a letter of privilege to Bergen. They have the monopoly of the transport of cereals between the Germany, then the Poland and the Norway.
- Alliance of the forest cantons in Swiss.
- Ferrare falls to the hands from the Este (fine in 1597).
Art & culture
- 156 windows of the Cathédrale Notre-Dame of Chartres received their stained glasses.
- Construction of the nave of the Cathedral of Strasbourg.
- Construction of the Acute-Dead fortifications of .
- Latin Translation of the Ethical in Nicomaque of Aristote.
- Albert Large the goes to Paris to take its ranks there.
- Foundation of the University of His.
Science & technology
- Foundation of the first public pharmacy of Germany to Trier.
- the Mongols use the paper money.
Births in 1240
Cimabue, painter Florentin.
Death in 1240
Ibn Arabi, Philosopher and mystical Moslem.
- October 13rd: Jalâlat ud-DIN Raziyâ
- Llywelyn Large the, king of the Gwynedd, which had succeeded in establishing its hegemony on all the Wales.
Be-X-old: 1240 Map-bms: 1240
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