This page relates to the year 1160 Calendrier Julien.
- February 5th, Rebellion of Heiji. Taira No Kiyomori (1118 - 1181) crushes the clan of the Minamoto which is expelled of Kyōto and must take refuge with the Kantō, in the east of the Japan.
- the Kōfuku-ji, with Nara, temple founded by and for the Fujiwara, adopts the cause of the Minamoto. The monks hate the Taira which tried to interfere into their business and thorough with the suicide Fujiwara at the end of the rebellion of Heiji. The principal monasteries of Nara meet around Kōfuku-ji to support the revolt. When Conceals No Shigemori (1138 - 1179), oldest son of Kiyomori and they Taira want to react, they run up against revolted on two faces. Nara is put at fire and blood. The temples of the Tōdai-ji and Kōfuku-ji are burnt.
- the Almohades seize the capacity in Spain and North Africa to the detriment of the Almoravides.
- the Normands of Sicily are driven out Tunisian littoral by Almohades.
The Middle East
- November 23rd: Renaud de Châtillon, prince of Antioche, is made prisoner by the soldiers of Alep during an operation of plundering, which will be worth sixteen years of captivity to him.
- the viziers Fatimides of Egypt pour a tribute with the Francs so that they abstain from intervening in their business.
- November 2nd: Henri the Young person (5 years), wire of Henri II Plantagenêt, wife Marguerite de France (2 years), girl of Louis VII.
- November 13rd: After being married with Aliénor of Aquitaine (repudiated), and Constancy of Castille (deceased in layers), the King de France Louis VII wife Adele of Blois-Champagne, girl of Thibaud II of Carolingian Champagne, origin , 20 years old.
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
Anathema of Victor IV with the council of Pavia.
- According to the chronicler Hermold, Albert the Bear, margrave of Brandebourg, sends emissary to Utrecht, in the close Rhenish countries like in Holland, Zealand and Flanders to recruit colonists whom it installs in the cities and the fortified towns of the Slaves. Dutch colonists occupy southernmost banks of the Elba.
- Estrangement between Valdemar Ier of Denmark and the archbishop of Lund about the Fight of priesthood and the Empire. Valdemar supports its suzerain Frederic Barberousse, whereas Eskil and its Absalon successor refuse to recognize the antipape Victor IV. Eskil is exiled. Then Valdemar ends up this placing under the authority of the pope legitimates Alexandre III, which agrees to canonize Knud Lavard. Valdemar, become “wire of Saint”, benefits from it to make crown his/her own son to ensure his succession (1170).
- Completion of the Danevirke.
- Byzance intervenes in the Hungarian businesses. It makes recognize Béla, its favorite, like heir to the throne. Brought to Constantinople, the young prince, vassal of Manual Ier Comnène, becomes engaged to Marie, the girl of the emperor who benefits from it to subject the Croatia, the Dalmatie and the Bosnia. The overcome party calls some with Frederic Barberousse.
- Génois take possession of their district with Constantinople.
Art & culture
- literary Creation at the court of the king Henri II of England in Anjou, Aquitanian Normandy and (1160 - 1180).
- natural works of philosophy of Aristote are accessible in Europe ( Organon and Éthique ).
- the epopee of the Nibelungen is made up in Germany.
- the Troubadour Bernart de Ventadour composes its Chansons .
- Béroul, Trouvere Norman, composes its Tristan and Iseut .
- Canonization of the Saxon king Edouard the Confessor, who becomes patron saint of the abbey of Westminster.
- About 1160, starts to circulate in the entourage of the Christian kings, a Latin letter addressed to the Empereur Manuel Ier Comnène of Byzance. Written by some “Priest Jean”, it describes the existence of a kingdom Christian all in the east, Beyond the Perse and of the Arménie,…
- the Judgments or Roles of Oléron , texts of Maritime law, are proclaimed in France.
- Constitutum Usus of Pisa (maritime law).
Births in 1160
Death in 1160
- February 11th: Minamoto No Yoshitomo
- April 16th: Raimon de Montredon, old Canon of Nimes, then Archdeacon of Béziers, bishop of Agde and archbishop of Arles.
- May 18th: Assassination of the king Eric IX of Sweden in the cathedral of Uppsala. He will become patron saint of the Sweden.
- July 20th: Pierre Lombard, Italian theologist and bishop of Paris (born with Novare, v. 1100). Its Four Books of the sentences became the theological text of reference of the Middle Ages (160 editions of 1450 to 1500, best-seller of the Incunable S).
- October 4th: Constancy of Castille, second wife of Louis VII.
Be-X-old: 1160 Map-bms: 1160 Simple: 1160
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